Kerala State Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Notes Chapter 3 Human Resource Development in India
Human resource is an important factor that determines the progress of any nation. It is man’s physical and intellectual manpower. Rather than quantity, quality of the population plays a vital role in forming its manpower. Human resource development is the development of man’s physical and mental abilities through education, healthcare and training. The unit examines some aspects of human resource development and its status in India, the factors influencing it and the inter-relationship between them.
→ Human resource : Human resource refers to people who have the manpower which can be utilised in the production sector.
→ Human resource development : The development of man’s physical and mental abilities through education, healthcare and training.
→ Population: The total number of people residing in a country at a particular period of time.
→ Demography : The branch of social science that analyses the population, the changes in its size, its structural aspect, etc. is known as demography.
→ Population census : Every country collects information on the number of people in the
their age, sex, socio-economic status etc. and analyses these at specific intervals of time. This activity is known as population census.
→ Density of population : The number of people residing in per square kilometer area.
→ Population growth rate : It refers to the increase in the number of people in an area within a specific period of time.
→ Birth rate : Number of live births per 1000.
→ Death rate : The number of deaths per 1000.
→ Migration: The settlement of people of a region in another region.
→ Population structure : The classification of people into different age groups and presenting the ratio of each group in the population.
→ Labour force participation rate : The ratio of the population in the age group 15-59, who are either employed or actively looking for jobs.
→ Dependency ratio : The proportion of those between the age groups 0 and 14 years and 60 years and above in total population that depends on the working force is known as dependency ratio.
→ Sex ratio : The number of females per 1000 males.
→ Life expectancy : The average measure of how long the population of the country will live.
→ Literacy rate : The percentage of population that can read and write with comprehension.