Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

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Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium


  • The first 15 minutes is the cool-off time. You may use the time to read the questions and plan your answers.
  • Answer all questions in PART – A. Answer any one from the questions given under each question number in PART – B.

Time: 2½ Hours
Total Score: 80 Marks

Question 1.
Which is the earliest regional struggle conducted by Gandhiji in India? (2)

Question 2.
“The goal of state is the maximum happiness of the maximum number”. Name the thinker who made this statement. (1)
Jermi Bantham

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Question 3.
Identify the northern mountain range where the major hill stations such as Shimla, Darjeeling, etc., are located: (1)
a) Karakoram
c) Himachal
d) Siwaliks

Question 4.
‘Women empowerment is Indian empowerment’ is the slogan of: (1)
a) MUDRA Bank
c) Mahila Bank
c) EXIM Bank of India
d) Development Bank
Mahila Bank

Question 5.
The Ganga-Brahmaputra delta region of West Bengal is known for:
a) Tea plantations
b) Wheat cultivation
c) Cotton cultivation
d) Jute cultivation.
Jute cultivation

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Question 6.
Link Column‘A’with appropriate items from column ‘B’. (4)

Asiatic Society of Bengal Mahatma Gandhi
Wardha Education Plan Pandita Ramabai
Banaras Sanskrit College William Jones
Sarada Sadan Jonathan Duncan


Asiatic Society of Bengal William Jones
Wardha Education Plan Mahatma Gandhi
Banaras Sanskrit College Jonathan Duncan
Sarada Sadan Pandita Ramabai

Question 8.
Write a note on the north-east monsoon season in India. (3)
By the end of September, as the sun is apparently shifts towards the southern hemisphere, intense high pressure develops over the northern plains. k Comparatively low pressure over the Indian Ocean causes wind to blow from the northern part of India towards the south. These winds are dry that do not generally cause any rain in India. This season is known as the retreating monsoon

What is citizenship? Mention the two types of Citizenships. (3)
Total and complete membership of a country is called citizenship. Natural and acquired citizenship.

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Question 9.
Interview and social survey are the two methods of study in sociology. Write a note byjcomparing them. (3)
Survey is the most suitable method for the study of sociology. It helps to formulate a comprehensive point of view of the topic, based on the data collected from a group of selected people. Survey method is used when data is to be collected from a larger population.

Interview is a method by which information is collected orally. Interview is the talk between the interviewer and the interviewee. As a method of study interview helps to know and analyse the attitudes, views, beliefs, habits, etc., of the individuals.

Question 10.
Write down the geographical requirements for the cultivation of wheat in India. . . (3)
Wheat, the second major food crop produced in India is a rabi crop.

  • Well drained alluvial soil is ideal for wheat cultivation.
  • The crop which is mainly cultivated in temperate . regions requires 10°C to 26°C temperature and 75 cm of rainfall.
  • Wheat cultivation in India is mainly dependent on irrigation as it is a winter crop.

Question 11.
What are the purposes for which the commercial banks provide loans to the public? (3)
Agricultural purposes

  • Industrial purposes
  • Constructing houses
  • Purchasing vehicles
  • Purchasing home appliances

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Question 12.
Elucidate the features of permanent settlement introduced by the British in Bengal. (4)
In the permanent land revenue settlement the tax was collected by zamindars.

  • Zamindar was the owner of the entire land where he had the jurisdiction to collect tax.
  • While the zamindars became the owners of the land, the actual farmers became tenants.
  • Farmers were to pay up to 60% of the yield as tax.
  • Tax was to be paid even at the time of poor yield.
  • The tax was to be paid in cash strictly before the cut-off date. (Before introducing this system, tax could be paid in kind)

Question 13.
Explain the qualitative features of human resource. (4)

  • Healthcare
  • Training
  • Social capital

Question 14.
Analyse the constructive programmes introduced by Gandhiji as a part of non-cooperation movement.(4)
Gandhiji motivated the people to participate in constructive programmes. Inspired by this, people began to make indigenous products, spin khadi cloth using charka, establish national schools and popularise Hindi.

Question 15.
Mark and label the following geographical information in the provided outline map of India. (4)
a) River Narmada
b) East Coastal Plain
c) Tuticorin Port
d) Eastern High Lands
For marking the places on the map.

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Part – B

Question 16.
Who signed the Panchsheel principles with Jawaharlal Nehru? Write any two of the Panchsheel principles. (3)
Prepare a note on Malabar Rebellion.
Chou En-lai the then Prime Minister of China.

  • Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
  • Mutual non-aggression
  • Mutual non-interference in each other’s internal affairs
  • Equality and cooperation for mutual benefit
  • Peaceful co-existence


The Khilafat committee was formed with Kattilasseri Mohamed Moulavi and Mohammed Abdurahiman Sahib as the President and the Secretary respectively. The Khilafat Movement became strong in Malabar. Subsequently, there were direct fights with the British in several places in Malabar. The Mappila peasants of Malabar fought against the British in Eranad, Valluvanad. and Ponnani Taluks. These struggles, in general, are known as Malabar Rebellion (1921).

Question 17.
Why does the atmospheric pressure vary from place to place? (3)
Complete the table appropriately.
Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium - 1
The atmospheric pressure varies from place to place depending on Altitude, Temperature and Humidity.


Day Relative Position of the Sun Speciality of the day
21 March Equator Equinox
21 June Tropic of Cancer Summmer solstice
23 September Equator Equinox
22 December Tropic of Capricorn Winter Solistice

Question 18.
What is instrument of Accession? Name the persons who prepared it. (3)
Explain the resistance of Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja against the British in Malabar.
Patel and V.P. Menon prepared an Instrument of Accession, which stipulated that the princely states had to transfer their control over defence, external affairs, and information and communication to the Government of India.


The British promised Pazfiassi the right to collect tax from Kottayam region as a reward for helping them in the wars against Mysore. The British refused . to keep their promise after the triumph in the battle. Moreover, the British claimed their dominance over Wayanad. Pazhassi Raja organised the people and fought against the British. He unleashed guerilla war against the-British with the help of Chempan Pokker, Kaitheri Ambu Nair, Edachena Kunkan Nair and Thalakkal Chandu, the leader.of the Kurichias in Wayanad.

Question 19.
What do you mean by administrative reforms? Identify the administrative reforms implemented in India. (4)
How can we overcome the challenges faced by Civic Consciousness?
A number of steps are taken by the government for increasing the efficiency of the services and to provide service to people in a time bound manner. They are known as administrative reforms.

  • E-governance
  • Right to Information
  • Right to service Act


Each one should evaluate his activities critically.

  • Should work for one’s interest without going against public interest.
  • Be the change which you expect from others.
  • Equal weight should be given to both rights and duties.
  • Individuals should act democratically and tolerably.

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Question 20.
Distinguish between direct taxes and indirect taxes. (4)
Prepare a short note on different departments and institutions working for the protection of consumer’s interest.
Here the burden of the tax is borne by the same person on whom tax is imposed. These types of taxes are called direct taxes. The unique feature of direct tax is that the tax payer undertakes the burden of the tax.

An important feature of indirect tax is that the tax burden can be shifted from the person on whom it is imposed to another person.


  • Legal Metrology : ensures the weights and Department measures standards
  • Food Safety Department : ensures the quality of food products
  • Central Drugs Price : controls price of medicines Control Committee
  • Drugs Control Department : ensures the quality and safety of medicines.
  • Food Safety and Standard : ensures the quality of food Authority of India products at various stages like production, distribution, storage, sale and import.

Question 21.
Explain Central Service with examples. . (4)
Elucidate the role of family in the formation of Civic Consciousness.
Recruits at national level
Appoints in central government departments only Eg: Indian Foreign Service, Indian Railway Service


Family has an important role in fostering and maintaining sense of responsibility among its . members. Inspiration and encouragement from the family will develop civic consciousness. The concept that each individual is for the family and the family is for the society should be developed in the family atmosphere.

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Question 22.
Why do you mean by Remote Sensing? Explain the types of Remote Sensing based on platform. (4)
Identify the features represented by the given map . symbols and also mention the colours by which they are shown in topographical maps.
Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium - 2
A method of collecting information about an object, place or phenomenon without actual physical contact is remote sensing.

Terrestrial Photography: The method of obtaining the earth’s topography using cameras from the ground is known as terrestrial photography.

Aerial Remote Sensing: The method of obtaining photographs of the earth’s surface continuously from the sky by using cameras mounted on aircraft is known as aerial remote sensing.

Satellite Remote Sensing : The process of gathering information using the sensors installed in artificial satellites is known as satellite remote ‘sensing.


Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium - 3

Question 23.
Mention the situations when complaints about consumer disputes can be filed. – (4)
What are the sources of non-tax revenue of the government of India?

  • When the purchased product is damaged or defective.
  • Defective services received from government/ nongovernment/ private institutions.
  • Appropriation of price over and above the amount legally fixed or marked on the outeq casing.
  • Violation of the prevention of adulteration law.
  • Sale of products which are harmful to life and safety.
  • Loss due to trading methods which lead to unfair practices and limited consumer freedom.
  • Giving misleading advertisement for increasing sales.


  • Fees Fines and penalties Grants
  • Fees is the reward collected for the government’s services. License fees, registration fees, tuition fees, etc. are examples.
  • Fines and penalties are punishments for violating the laws.
  • Grants are the financial aid provided by one government of organisations for meeting a specific objective. For example, grants are provided by central and state governments to local self-governments:
  • Interest Government receive interest for loans given to various enterprises, agencies and countries.
  • Profit is the net income received from the enterprises operated by thes government. For example, profit from the Indian Railways.

Question 24.
Describe any two planetary wind systems. (5)
Answer the following questions based on International Date Line.
i) What is International Date Line?
ii) Explain the peculiarity of this line with reason.
iii) Estimate the time at International Date Line when the Greenwich mean time is 12 noon.
From subtropical high pressure belt winds blow continuously towards the equatorial low pressure belt. These are known as trade winds. As these winds blow from the northeast in the Northern Hemisphere, they are known as northeast trade winds. The equatorial low pressure zone where the trade winds from both the hemispheres converge is known as the InterTropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Winds blow continuously from the sub tropical high pressure zones to these low pressure zones. As the direction of these winds is moslty from the west, they are known as the westerlies. The westerlies are stronger in the Southern Hemisphere than in the Northern Hemisphere. This is due to the vast expanse of oceans in the Southern Hemisphere.

The polar winds are the cold winds that blow from these high pressure areas towards the subpolar low pressure belts. These winds blow from the East in both the hemispheres due to the Coriolis Force. Hence these are known as polar easterlies. These winds play a significant role in determining the climate of North America, the eastern European countries, and Russia, (any two)


i) 180° longitude is called International Date Line since there is 24 hour difference on either side of 180° longitude.
ii) To avoid practical difficulties of IDL passing through land it is passing through sea only.
iii) 12 midnight.

Kerala SSLC Social Science Previous Year Question Paper March 2019 English Medium

Question 25.
Explain the background of the Fresh revolution based on the following hints. (6)
French Society
Thinkers and their ideologies
Explain the features of globalization and its impact on the world.
French society was divided into three.
First estate : The Clergies held vast powers they held vast land, collected taxes ‘Tithe’ from the farmers. Exempted from all taxes. Controlled higher position administration and military services.

Second Estate : Nobility engaged in military service. Collected various taxes from farmers. Made farmers work without wages. Exempted from taxes. Led luxurious life. Held vast lands.

The third estate: The middle class they have no role in the administration paid land tax named ‘Tally’ to the government. Low social status. Paid taxes to the clergy and nobles.

Role of thinkers :Voltaire ridiculed the Clergy. Promoted rational * thinking, ideals of equality and humanism. Roussea spelled out the importance of freedom with the statement, “Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.’ Declared that the people are the sovereign.

Montesquieu encouraged democracy and the Republic. Suggested division of powers of the – government into legislature, executive andjudiciary.


In globalisation Economic system of the country linked to global economy.

  • The interests and motives of the multinational companies protected.
  • Competition-driven market came into existence.
  • Trans-border flow of products, services, raw materials, capital, latest technology and human resources facilitated.

Challenges of globalisation.
The intervention of multinational companies challenged the concept of nation state.

  • Led to the destruction of indigenous culture.
  • Price of agricultural products plunged
  • Public sector undertakings were destroyed
  • Government withdrew from social service sectors
  • Natural resources were looted.