Kerala State Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Notes Chapter 11 Sociology: What? Why?
Sociology had its origin in the 19th century in Western Europe. The thoughts of French thinker Auguste Comte laid the foundation for Sociological studies. Sociology is the scientific study of the mutual relationship between man and his environment. It was in the Bombay. University that Sociology was taught as a subject for the first time in India. The important methods of study in Sociology are social survey, interview, observation and case study. Sociology helps us to get a basic understanding of social life and thereby to broaden our perspective of life.
→ Sociology: Sociology is the scientific study of the mutual relationship between man and his social environment. In other words, Sociology is the scientific study of the social aspects of human life.
→ Social Survey : Social survey is the collection of data from a selected group of people.
→ Questionnaire : Questionnaire is a set of questions that researchers use to collect data.
→ Interview : The talk between the interviewer and the interviewee. It is a method of collecting data orally.
→ Observation : The method of recording truthfully whatever is seen, heard or experienced.
→ Case study : It is the detailed study of the case. Case study is used to make an in-depth study on rare and different social phenomena and problems.