Kerala Plus One Economics Model Question Paper 3
Time Allowed: 2 hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum Marks: 60
Answer all questions from question numbers 1 to 6. Each carry one score.
State whether the following statement is true or false. (Q. 1 to Q. 3)
In India, inflation is calculated by using the wholesale price index.
SHG for Social Health Group
More than half of the workforce in India belongs to regular salaried employees.
Find the odd one out
Find out the odd one Growth, Modernization, Equity, Exports
Match column B with column A
Answer questions from question numbers 7 to 11. Each carries two scores.
Name some modem industries which were in operation in our country at the of independence.
Give two ways of converting government companies into private companies
The activities of Kudumbasree limits in your locality plays an important role in the empowerment of women. How far it will promote the empowerment of women in your own view?
Critically evaluate the shortcomings of the industrial policy pursued by the colonial administrators.
You are asked to study, the problems faced by the rubber cultivators in Kerala. List out the important steps for preparing this project.
Answer any six questions from question numbers 12 to 18.Each carries three scores
Identify the various favorable conditions prevailing in India which make outsourcing possible.
Write three techniques for studying correlation.
Calculate the simple aggregative price index for the commodities given below.
China’s rapid industrial growth can be traced back to its reforms in 1978. Do you agree? Elucidate.
Which of the following errors is more serious and why?
Complete the parts of the statistical table given below.
The following table gives the daily income of ten workers in a factor. Find the arithmetic mean.
Answer any four questions from question numbers 19 to 23. Each carries four scores.
Critically evaluate the poverty alleviation programmes implemented in India
Draw a flow chart with different types of sampling
The following table shows the ages of the patients admitted to a hospital during a year.
Find the median age
How do the following factors contribute to the environmental crisis in India?
a. Global warming and ozone depletion
b. Reduction of forest coverage
c. Rising population
d. Air and water pollution
Group the following features pertaining to the economies of India, China, and Pakistan. (One-child norm, very high fertility rate, commune system, high density of population, economic reforms in 1988, economic reforms in 1991).
Answer any two questions from question numbers 24 to 26. Each carries five scores.
“Many developed countries were finding it difficult to maintain the growth rate of even 5%. China was able to maintain nears doubledigit growth for more than two decades.” Can you point out the main strategies adopted by China to attain this?
The marks secured by 60 students in an examination are given below.
Mark obtained by 50 students in an examination are given below. Write the frequency distribution of these marks.
8,25,14,7,33,61,78,54,81,27,21,1867,58 55,21,90,74,53,38,42 ,63,7119,20,28,3741 ,85,29,64,79,88,97,19,21,41,77,59,69 52 ,44,75,81,2791,98,39,86,19
Answer any two questions from question numbers 27 to 29. Each carries eight scores.
Krishna is a research student at Cochin University. He is doing research on poverty among slum dwellers. He conducted a pretest before the actual survey begins. Mention the advantages of conducting such a survey.
To check the quality of two brands of light bulbs, their life in burning hours was estimated as under for 100 bulbs of each brand.
1. Which brand gives higher life?
During the colonial period, industrial progress of India economy was very slow. Give reasons for supporting this statement.
Exports. Others are objectives of 5 years
Cotton textile, Cement Industries, Jute textile, Sugar industries, paper industries.
1. Disinvestment sales of public sector companies.
2. Withdrawal of the govt from ownership and management of public sector companies.
Kudumbasree units help empowerment of women in the following manner.
- Critical evaluation
- Rural poverty eradication
1. Capital goods industry was absent
2. Indian handicraft industries perished
Choice of the target group
Outsourcing is good for India. Because the outsourcing is generated the new employment opportunities in the Indian economy contributed to GDP and has increased the foreign reserve in the country. This is one of the important outcomes of the globalisation process. In outsourcing, a company hires regular service from an external source. Mostly from other countries, which was previously provided internally or from within the country like legal advice, computeri$ervice, advertisement, etc.
1. Scatter diagram
2. Karl Person Coefficient of correlation
3. Spearman’s rank correlation.
Yes, China’s rapid industrial growth can be traced back to its reforms in 1978. This is because reforms in agriculture and establishment of infrastructure in the areas of education and health, land reforms etc. had been taking place with introduced of reforms. In the initial phase, reformers were initiated in agriculture, foreign trade, and investment sectors. In the later phase, reforms were initiated in the industrial sector. Private sector firms and township and village enterprises were allowed to produce goods. The reform process also involves dual pricing. It was found that establishment of infrastructure in the area of education and health, land reforms, long existence of decentralized planing and existence of small enterprises had helped positively in improving the social and income indicators in the post-reform period.
Non-sampling errors are more serious than sampling errors because a sampling error can be minimised by taking a large sample. Even census can contain non-sampling errors.
Type of Non-sampling errors
Critical Assessment of Poverty Alleviation Programmes: Through the policy towards
poverty alleviation has evolved in a progressive manner but gone any radical transformation. Scholars state three major areas of concern which prevent the successful implementation of the programs they are
1. Unequal distribution of land and other assets due to the benefits have been availed by the non-poor.
2. In comparison to the magnitude of poverty, the amount of resources allocated for these programmes is not sufficient.
3. These programs depend mainly on government and bank officials for their
The major greenhouse gases
a. Global warming the major greenhouse gases (GHGs) consist of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water vapor and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). These gases allow sunlight to penetrate to the earth’s surface, yet prevent infrared radiant heat from escaping.
b. When forest cover is lost, runoff rapidly flows into streams, elevating river levels and subjecting downstream villages, cities, and agricultural fields to flooding, especially during the rainy season. During the dry season, such areas downstream of deforestation can be prone to months-long droughts which interrupt river navigation.
c. Rapid human population growth has a variety of consequences] Population grows fastest in the world’s poorest countries. High fertility rates have historically been strongly correlated with poverty and high childhood mortality rates.
d. Air pollution has been linked to health problems like asthma and lung disease, as well as the deterioration of the ozone layer (which protects us from harmful UV rays) and the warming of the earth which may destroy the habitats of many animals.
Economy of India
- The high density of population
- Economic reforms in 1991
Economy of China
- One child form
- Commune system
Economy of Pakistan
- The very high fertility rate
- Economic reforms in 1988
Answer any two questions from question numbers 24 to 26. Each carries five scores.
Since 1978, China began to introduce many reforms in phases the reforms were initiated in agriculture foreign trade and investment sector. In agriculture, lands were divided in two small plots which were allocated to individual households, they were allowed to keep all income from the land after paying taxes. At this stage, enterprises owned by government, in India we call them public sector enterprises were made to face competition. In reform price was fixed in two ways,i.e, farmers and industrial units were required to buy and a sell fixed quantities of inputs and outputs on the basis of prices fixed by the government and the rest were purchase and 9old at a market prices Over the years, as production increased, the population of goods or inputs transacted in the market also increased. The goal of Chinese economic reforms was to generate sufficient surplus to finance the modernization of the mainland Chinese economy. In order to attract foreign investors, Special Economic Zones were setup.
Once the questionnaire is ready, it is advisable to conduct a try Out with a small group which is known as the pilot survey. Advantages of the pilot survey:
Providing a preliminary idea about the survey.
Pre-testing of the questionnaire, so as to know the shortcomings and drawback of the questions.
Assessing the suitability of the questions, clarify the instructions, the performance of enumerators and the cost and time involved in the actual survey.