Plus Two Hindi Model Question Paper 1

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two Hindi Model Question Paper 1 with Answers

Board SCERT
Class Plus Two
Subject Hindi
Category Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers

Time: 21/2 Hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

General Instructions Candidates:

  • There is a ‘Cool-off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time.
  • Use the ‘Cool-off time’ to get familiar with questions and to plan your answers.
  • Read questions carefully before answering.
  • Read the instructions carefully.
  • Calculations, figures and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
  • Give equations wherever necessary.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.

सूचना : कवितांश पढ़ें और 1 से 3 तक के प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखें।

मैं-ने उसके चेहरे से उसे
कभी नहीं पहचाना
केवल उस नंबर से जाना
जो उसकी लाल कमीज़ पर टॅका होता।
आज जब अपना सामान खुद उठाया
एक आदमी का चेहरा याद आया।

प्रशन 1.
कवि ने कुली को कैसे पहचानता था? (Score : 1)
उत्तर:
नंबर से

प्रशन 2.
‘एक आदमी का चेहरा याद आया’ – कब? (Score : 1)
उत्तर:
अपना सामान खुद उठाने पर

प्रशन 3.
समकालीन संदर्भ से जोड़कर कवितांश की आस्वादन . टिप्पणी लिखें। (Score : 6)
उत्तर:
श्री कुँवर नारायण बहुमुखी प्रतिभा संपन्न कवि है। आप ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार से सम्मानित हैं। प्रस्तुत कविता में कवि कठिन मेहनत करनेवाला एक कुली के प्रति अपना विचार प्रकट करते हैं। समकालीन संदर्भ में इस कविता को बड़ा स्थान है।

बड़े लोग कहनेवाले, लोग साधारण कामकाज करनेवाले लोगों को तिरस्कार की दृष्टि से देखते हैं। केवल वर्धी या नंबर से ही इन्हें जाने जाते हैं। जब साधारण लोगों के समान काम करने पड़ते है तब काम का महत्व मालूम होते हैं। और जानने से ज़्यादा पहचानने की क्षमता हाज़िल होते हैं।

यहाँ कवि ललित शब्दों में निम्नवर्ग के प्रति सकारात्मक दृष्टिकोण, की आवश्यकता को दिखाता है। श्रम का महत्व हर मानव को पहचानना चाहिए। समकालीन कविता प्रासंगिकता रखते हैं।

सूचनाः 4 से 7 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं तीन के उत्तर एक या दो वाक्यों में लिखें। (scores : 3 × 2 = 6)

प्रशन 4.
‘तेरी ही यह देह तुझसे बनी हुई’ – मातृभूमि से हमारा कैसा संबंध है?
उत्तर:
मातृभूमि धरती है। हमारे जन्म से लेकर मृत्यु तक हम धरती से जुड़ी हुई है। पंच भूतों ही हमारा शरीर है। मृत्यु के बाद यह धरती में ही विलीन हो जायेगा।

प्रशन 5.
‘पारामारिबो शहर सुरीनामी नहीं एक भारतीय शहर जैसा लग रहा है।’ – लेखक को क्यों ऐसा अनुभव हुआ?
उत्तर:
पारामारिबो सुरीनाम देश के राजधानी है। वहाँ के तैंतीस प्रतिशत लोग मूल भारतीय है। इसलिए वहाँ के संस्कृति में भी भारतीयता देख सकते हैं। भाषा, आचार, व्यवहार आदि कई बातों में पारामारिबो भारतीय शहर जैसे देखते हैं।

प्रशन 6.
‘हाय! मुरझा रहे
दो सुरम्य सुकोमल रूप’ – यहाँ दो सुकोमल रूप कौन – कौन हैं?
उत्तर:
कवि मंदिर के सामने नैवेध्य के रूप में फूल बेचनेवाली लड़की को देखते हैं। उसके पास जो फूल थे वह मुरझाया हुआ था। कवि को लगता है कि लड़की भी थकावट और विवशता के कारण मुरझा हुआ हैं। यहाँ फूल और लड़की में समानता हैं।

प्रशन 7.
‘घर में मेहमान थे और विवाह से संबंधित ज़रूरी काम भी।’ फिर भी पिताजी खेत चलने को तैयार हुए – क्यों?
उत्तर:
क्योंकि कल उस खेत की राजिस्ट्री हैं। तो वह किसी की हो जायेगी। इसलिए काम के वाबजूद भी पिताजी खेत चलने तैयार हुए।

प्रशन 8.
सूचनाः सही मिलान करें। (Scores : 8 × 1 = 8)
Certificate – विकिरण
Physics – पारिस्थितिकी
Geography – मानविकी
Bacteria – परमाणु
Radiation – भूगोल
Humanities – जीवाणु
Atom – भौतिकी
Ecology – प्रमाणपत्र
उत्तर:
Certificate – प्रमाण पत्र
Physics – भौतिकी
Geography – भूगोल
Bacteria – जीवाणु
Radiation – विकिरण
Humanities – मानविकी
Atom – परमाणु
Ecology – पारिस्थितिकी

सूचनाः 9 से 13 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं चार के उत्तर पाँच या छः वाक्यों में लिखें। (Scores : 4 × 4 = 16)

प्रशन 9.
जीवनवृत्त पढ़ें और कुँवरनारायण के बारे में एक अनुच्छेद तैयार करें।
नाम : कुँवरनारायण
जन्म : 1927 सितंबर 19 फैज़ाबाद, उत्तर प्रदेश
रचनाएँ : चक्रव्यूह, अपना सामने, कोई दूसरा नहीं
विशेषता : तीसरा सप्तक के कवि
पुरस्कार : ज्ञानपीठ 2005
मृत्यु : 15 नवंबर 2017
उत्तर:
प्रसिद्ध कवि श्री कुँवरनारायण का जन्म 1927 सितंबर 19 को उत्तर प्रदेश के फैजाबाद में हुआ था। आप ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार से 2005 में सम्मानित हुए। श्री कुँवरनारायण तीसरा सप्तक के कवियों में एक हैं। आपका प्रमुख रचनाएँ है – चक्रव्यूह, आमने-सामने, कोई दूसरा नहीं आदि। आपका देहांत 15 नवंबर 2017 को हुआ।

प्रशन 10.
‘नभ गुँजाती
नीड़ गिरे शिशु पै
मँडराती माँ’ – माँ की ममता अनुपम है। हाइकू के आधार
पर अपना विचार लिखें।
उत्तर:
रिस्तों में सबसे अटूट माने जाते हैं माँ-बच्चे के रिस्ते, क्योंकि माँ की ममता बच्चों से इतना है कि वह अपने आपकी परवाह न करके बच्चों के खयाल रखते हैं। कोई बी विपत्ति आ जाये, माँ बच्चे को छोड़ते नहीं। नीड़ शिशु पर घिरने पर भी माँ उसे छोड़कर नहीं जाते हैं। माँ की ममता अनुपम हैं।

प्रशन 11.
‘एक दफा सुना, जी न भरा, फिर कहा बेटा फिर सुनाना। फिर सुना। वह भी रोया। मेरी आँखें भी आँसुओं से भीग गईं। बेटी का खत बादशाह के लिए एक आँसुनामा था – क्यों?
उत्तर:
दिल्ली के अंतिम बादशाह बहादुर शा ज़फर अपनी बेटी के खत पढ़कर विवश हो जाते हैं, क्योंकि पिता अब ‘रंगूण में कैदी है तो बेटी दिल्ली में। बेटी द्वारा, दिल्ली पर हुए अत्याचार सुनने से बादशाह के मन अत्यधिक दुखी हो जाते हैं। वह केवल एक पिता ही नहीं बल्कि एक राजा भी थे। उसकेलिए प्रजा भी आपने बच्चे समान है। इसलिए दिल्लीवासियों पर हुए हादसा सुनकर वह दुखी हो जाते हैं और कहते हैं कि बेटी तुम्हारी खत एक आँसुनामा हो।

प्रशन 12.
ये कथनं पढ़ें –

  • ‘मैं प्यार से कभी उसको मुरकी बुलाती थी, कभी – बुलाकी।’
  • ‘मेरे जीते-जी कभी कोई तुझसे यह चाबी नहीं छीनेगा।’
  • राजवंती ऐसे रोई जैसे उसकी आँखों में सारी औरत जाति के आँसू मिले हुए थे।
  • राजवंती के चरित्र पर टिप्पणी लिखें।

उत्तर:
राजवती मुरकी उर्फ बुलाकी कहानी के प्रमुख पात्र है। वह नौकरानी के रूप में आये मुरकी को, एक बेटी के समान प्यार करते हैं। उसे सहारा देते हुए घर में एक कोठरी की चाबी देते हैं। वह भाग जाने के बाद वापस आने पर उसे संभालते है। परोपकार की भावना वह रखते हैं। जब तक मुरकी जीवित थी उसके साथ प्यार का व्यवहार करते हैं, मरने के बाद उसकी हालत में दुखी हो जाती हैं। प्यार, दया, सहानुभूति के साथ एक अच्छी औरत है राजवंती।

प्रशन 13.
नीलांबर परिधान हरित तट पर सुंदर है।
सूर्य-चन्द्र युग मुकुट, मेखला रत्नाकर है।।
बंदीजन खग-वृंद, शेषफन सिंहासन है।।
प्रकृति के कण-कण मातृभूमि का सौंदर्य बढ़ाता है।
कवितांश के आधार पर स्वष्ट करें।
उत्तर:
मैथिली शरण गुप्त के एक प्रमुख कविता है मातृभूमि। यहाँ कवि भारतमाता के वर्णन बड़ी मार्मिकता से किया है। धरती के प्रति हमारा मनोभाव में परिवर्तन लाना ही कवि का लक्ष्य है। मातृभूमि के हरे-भरे देह पर आकाश नीले रंग के वस्त्र की तरह शोभित है। सूर्य और चन्द्र इस रूप का मुकुट है और समुद्र करधनी है। नदियाँ प्रेम प्रवाह और फूल-तारे आभूषण है। बंदीजन पक्षियों का समूह है और शेष नाग का फन सिंहासन है। इस प्रकार प्रकृति के कण कण मातृभूमि का सौंदर्य बढ़ाता है।

सूचना : गद्यांश पढ़ें और प्रश्न संख्या 14, 15 के उत्तर लिखें।

कई वर्षों पहले हमने नियति कि मिलने का एक वचन दिया था, और अब समय आ गया है कि वह अपने वचन को निभाएँ, पूरी तरह न सही, लेकिन बहुत हद तक आज रात बाहर बजे जब सारी दुनिया सो रही होगी, भारत जीवन और स्वतंत्रता की नई सुबह के साथ उठेगा। एक ऐसा क्षण जो इतिहास में बहुत ही कम आता है, जब हम पुराने को छोड़ नए की तरफ जाते हैं, जब एक युग का अंत होता है और जब वर्षों से शोषित एक देश की आत्मा, अपनी बात कह सकती है, यह एक संयोग है कि इस पवित्र मौके पर हम समर्पण के साथ खुद की भारत और उसकी जनता की सेवा, और उससे भी बढ़कर सारी मानवता की सेवा करने के लिए प्रतिज्ञा ले रहे हैं।

प्रशन 14.
भारतवासी कौन सी प्रतिज्ञा ले रहे हैं? (Scores: 2)
उत्तर:
भारतवासी भार और उसकी जनता की सेवा और उससे भी बढ़कर सारी मानवता की सेवा करने केलिए प्रतिज्ञा ले रहे हैं।

प्रशन 15.
गद्यांश का संक्षेपण करें और शीर्षक दें। (Scores: 6)
उत्तर:
भारतवासी
कई वर्षों के कठिन प्रयत्न के बाद आज भारत स्वतंत्रता की धन्य वेला तक पहुँची है। वर्षों से शोषित जनता अपने लक्ष्य तक पहुंच गई है। इस पवित्र अवसर पर हम देश की सेवा करने केलिए प्रतीक्षा ले रहे हैं।

सूचना : 16 से 19 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं तीन के उत्तर लिखें। (Scores : 3 × 6 = 18)

प्रशन 16.
‘वह भटका हुआ पीर’ पाठ का अंश पढ़ें।
‘तू पानी पिलाया कर पुण्य मिलता है।’ माँ के इस कथन से स्कूटरवाले के जीवन को बदल दिया। वह अपनी डायरी में इस घटना का उल्लेख करता है। स्कूटरवाले की डायरी 60 – 80 शब्दों में लिखें।

  • माँ का उपदेश
  • मुफ्त में पानी-पिलाना
  • लेखिका से परिचय
  • लोगों से दिल का रिश्ता जोड़ना

उत्तर:
सोमवार / 2010 / सितंबर / 21

आज मुझे कई सालों के मेरे जीवन के बारे में सोचने पर खुशी मिलते हैं। माँ की वचन पालने की खुशी। दूसरों के सहायता करने की खुशी। मैं यह नहीं कह सकता कि मेरा जीवन सफल है या नहीं लेकिन मैं खुश हूँ इस जीवन से मेरा बाप की मृत्यु मेरी छोटी उम्र में ही हुआ था। माँ कठिन परिश्रम करके मेरा देखपाल किया। छोटी उम्र में ही भूख और गरीबी की हालत समझ लिया। स्ट्रीट लाइट के नीचे बैठकर पढ़ते थे। बड़े होने पर स्कूटर चलाना शुरू किया। माँ और मेरे लिए भूख मिटाने केलिए मैं काम करने लगा। माँ कहते हैं पानी पिलाने से पुण्य मिलेगा। रास्ते में प्यास के मारे तड़पते रहने लोगों को देखकर उन्हें पानी पिलाता हूँ।

एक मशक में पानी खरीदकर स्कूटर में रखता हूँ। रास्ते में जो भी प्यास आये उन्हें पानी पिलाये घूमता हूँ। पैसे केलिए जीवन में दौड़नेवाले कई लोग होते हैं। मेरे पास पैसे नहीं बल्कि कई लोगों के पुण्य हैं। मैं बहुत खुश हूँ इस जीवन से क्योंकि मैं लोगों के दिल में जगह बनाता हूँ और वह मुझे प्यार से मशकवाला स्कूटर कहते हैं।

प्रशन 17.
‘मुरली की ध्वनि गोपिकाओं के मन को हर लेती है’।
प्रणयातुर गोपिकाएँ आपस में बातजीत करती हैं। वह वार्तालाप लिखें।

  • मुरली की ध्वनि की मधुरिमा
  • कृष्ण के प्रति अनुराग
  • अपने को भूल जाना

उत्तर:
गोपिका 1 : अरे, सखी, सुनो। क्या है यह मीठा शब्द?
गोपिका 2 : वह तो मुरली नाद है।
गोपिका 1 : मुरती नाद? कौन? यहाँ इस वृंदावन में?
गोपिका 2 : जानती नहीं, कृष्ण।
गोपिका 1 : कृष्ण, चलो, वृंदावन की ओर।
गोपिका 2 : यह काम!
गोपिका 1 : काम छोड दो। जल्दी कान्हा के पास जाओ।
गोपिका 2 : कान्ह की मुरली नाद जादू की तरह हमें खींचते हैं।
गोपिका 1 : ठीक है, जल्दी चलो।
गोपिका 2 : अच्छा, चलो।

प्रशन 18.
कवि अनंग के नए कविता-संग्रह का प्रकाशन होनेवाला है। कविता संग्रह की बिक्रि बढ़ाने के लिए एक विज्ञापन तैयार करें।

  • रसीली कविताएँ
  • विषय में विविधता
  • कानपुर – प्रेस (Press) द्वारा प्रकाशित
  • ग्रंथालयों के लिए कम दाम में

उत्तर:
Plus Two Hindi Model Question Paper 1, 1

प्रशन 19.
खंड का हिंदी में अनुवाद करें।
When we present our experiences of a travel artistically it becomes a travelogue. The style of the author has a great role in making the travelogue interesting. There is no scope for any sort of imagination in it. It will be interesting when the past experiences are explained in simple language. On travelogue the author gives importance to facts only.
(experience – अनुभव, artisticaly – कलात्मक ढंग से, travelogue – सफरनामा, scope – गुंजाइश, imagination – कल्पना, importance – प्रमुखता, fact – तथ्य)
उत्तर:
जब हम किसी यात्रा के अनुभवों को कलात्मक ढंग से प्रस्तुत करते हैं तो वह एक सफरनामा हो जाते हैं। सफरनामा को रोचक बनाने में रचनाकार के शैली की बड़ी भूमिका हैं। इसमें कल्पना की कोई गुंजाइश नहीं है। जब अतीत के अनुभवों को सरल भाषा में व्यक्त करेंगे तब यह रोचक होगा। सफरनामा में रचनाकार तथ्यों पर प्रमुखता देते हैं।

सूचनाः 20 से 22 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं दो के उत्तर लिखें। (Scores : 2 × 8 = 16)

प्रशन 20.
‘ज़मीन एक स्लेट का नाम है’ पाठ का अंश पढ़ें।
‘मैं ज़मीन नहीं बेचता
बेचता हूँ हृदय।’
बेटी की शादी के लिए पिता को ज़मीन बेचना पड़ता है। वह अपनी विवशता आत्मकथा में व्यक्त करता है। संकेतों के आधार पर आत्मकथांश 100 – 120 शब्दों में लिखें।

  • ज़मीन से गहरा संबंध
  • पिता का दायित्व निभाना
  • ज़मीन की बिक्री
  • परिवार के प्रति प्रेम

उत्तर:
मैं अब बूढ़ा हो गया हूँ। इतनी लंबी जीवन में बहुत सारे बातें – देखे, सुन, अनुभव किया। मेरा सबसे बड़ी संपत्ति मेरा परिवार है। मुझे दफ्तर में नौकरी थी। फिर भी में मन से एक किसान हूँ। मैं खेत को इतना प्यार करता हूँ कि वह मेरा ही हिस्सा है। मेरा जावन बचपन से लेकर अभी तक इस खेत से जुड़ा है। गीली मिट्टी की सुगंध मुझे बहुत पसंद है।

अब मैं एक दुविधा में हूँ। मेरी प्यारी बेठी की शादी केलिए मुझे पैसों की ज़रूरत है। इसलिए मुझे मेरी प्यारी ज़मीन बेचना पड़ा। क्योंकि पिता का दायिद्व एक आदमी केलिए सबसे महत्वपूर्ण है। मैं खेत को बेचने केलिए तैयार हुआ और कोई चारा नहीं है। भविष्य निधि से जो पैसा मिला वह काफी नहीं है। प्यारी बेटी केलिए प्यारा ज़मीन बेच रहा हूँ। कितना वेदनाजनक है यह। फिर भी मन को तसल्ली दिलाता हूँ कि कई बात ऐसा है जो दुखभरा होने पर भी हमें करना पड़ता है। मेरा जीवन में इसी प्रकार का अवसर पहले भी हुआ हैं। इसलिए मैं अपने परिवार के प्रति अपने इच्छाओं को त्यागने केलिए तैयार हुआ। जो भी हो मेरी बेटी सुखी रहे। यही मेरी प्रार्थना है।

प्रशन 21.
हिंदी भाषा का विश्व के तीस से अधिक देशों में तथा सौ विश्वविद्यालयों में अध्ययन और अध्यापन हो रहे हैं। ‘विश्वभाषा के रूप में हिंदी का प्रचार-प्रसार’ विषय पर एक भाषण 100 – 120 शब्दों में तैयार करें।

  • संसार की प्रमुख भाषाओं में एक
  • बोलचाल में आसान
  • सांस्कृतिक विकास में सहायक
  • विश्व सौदाई का संवाहक

उत्तर:

प्रिय मित्रों,
नमस्कार।

आज मैं ‘विश्व भाषा के रूप में हिंदी का प्रचार-प्रसार’ । विषय में अपना विचार प्रकट करने केलिए यहाँ खड़ा हूँ। मेरा यह छोटा भाषण ध्यान से सुनिए। हम सब जानते है कि विश्वभाषाओं में प्रमुख भाषा है हिंदी। लगभग सौ करोड़ लोग हिंदी जानते हैं और प्रयोग करते हैं। अर्थात्, विश्व भर के मानवों में हर एक सातवाँ मानव हिंदी बोलने वाला है। केवल भारत में ही नहीं तीस से अधिक देशों में हिंदी की प्रयोग होती हैं। दिनों-दिन, हिंदी की प्रमुखता बड़ते जा रहे हैं। इसका सबसे बड़ी उदाहरण है कि सौ से अधिक विश्वविद्यालयों में हिंदी के अध्ययन चल रहे हैं। कई शोधार्थी इस भाषा पर नए नए शोध कार्य कर रहे हैं।

भाषा आशयों के आदान-प्रदान का माध्यम है। ये हम जानते हैं। यह भी आप लोगों को ज्ञात होगा कि भाषा की सांस्कृतिक भूमिका क्या है? बोलचाल में आसान होने के साथ साथ भारतीय संस्कृतिक विशेषताओं को भी हिंदी के सहारे लोग अनुभव करते हैं। विश्व सौदाई का संवाहक के रूप में हिंदी का अपना निजी स्थान होते हैं। हिंदी भाषा के विकास में हिंदी फिल्मी जगत का भी बड़ी भूमिका है। शोले जैसे फिल्म और दोस्ती जैसे गीत पूरे भारत में ही नहीं अन्य देशों में भी प्रसिद्ध हैं। आप सब जानते हैं कि दंगल चीन में कितना मशहूर हुआ है। कई दिन यह सिनेमा चीनी सिनेमाघरों में चलते रहे। अमिताब बच्चन, शारूख खान, सलमान खान, आमिर खान आदि हिंदी फिल्मी सितारे कई देशों में नायक के रूप में मशहूर हैं। यह भी आप सब जानते होंगे कि हिंदी साहित्य क्षेत्र के कई लोग – विश्व साहित्य में अमुक स्थान रखते हैं। कबीर, सूर, तुलसी, प्रसाद, निराला जैसे साहित्यकार, विदेशों के विश्वविद्यालयों में पढ़ने के माध्यम हैं। भारतीय दर्शन भी हिंदी के सहारे कई देशों में पहूँचे है। यहाँ भी हिंदी भाषा का योगदान हैं। विदेशों, के कई लोग यहाँ आकर भारतीय दर्शन में शोध कार्य करते हैं।

इसी प्रकार देखे तो विश्वभाषाओं में हिंदी के स्थान उत्तरोत्तर बड़ते जा रहे हैं। तो हम भी प्रतिज्ञा ले कि हम भी हिंदी भाषा के प्रगति में भाग लेंगे।

जय हिंद।

प्रशन 22.
‘मुरकी उर्फ बुलाकी’ कहानी का अंश पढ़ें।
‘कुमार की आँखें भर आई-शायद मर्द जात की कोई लाज रखने के लिए।
मुरकी की दर्दभरी कहानी से कुमार के मन को विचलित कर डाला। वह अपने मन की पीड़ाएँ व्यक्त करे हुए मित्र को पत्र लिखता है। वह पत्र तैयार करें।

  • बचपन की यादें
  • मुरकी की शादी
  • पति की उपेक्षा
  • माँ का आश्रय देना
  • मुरकी की मृत्यु

उत्तर:

बरेली
20/मई/2015

प्रिय मित्र,
तुम कैसे हो? पढ़ाई ठीक तरह से चलते है ना? घर में माँ-बाप और बहन कैसे है? मैं आज एक अजीब बात बताने के लिए यह खत लिख रहा हूँ। मैंने तुमसे पहले ही कहा है हमारे घर की नौकरानी मुरकी के बारे में। वह केवल एक नौकरानी नहीं है, मेरी दीदी जैसे हैं। घर में सभी लोगों के साथ उसका बहुत प्यारा संबंध है।

आज मुरकी की मृत्यु हुई। माँ ने आज मुरकी की पूरी कहानी मुझे बताया। बारह साल की उम्र में एक नौकरानी की रूप में आयी थी वह। मैं बहुत छोटा था – मुजे देखने केलिए – मुझे देखने केलिए। फिर, वह यहाँ ही रहना शुरू हुआ। माँ ही उसे मुरकी और बुलाकी बुलाते थे। जब वह बड़ी हुई वह किसी शहरवाले लड़के के साथ भाग गई। लेकिन वह लड़के ने उसे रास्ते में छोड़ दिये। मुरकी वापस घर पर आयी। माँ उस घर में कोटरी की चाबी देकर संरक्षण दिया था।

मुरकी उस चाबी को अपने शरीर में इसी तरह रखा था कि वह उसके शरीर पर घाव लगाने लगे थे। फिर भी वह चाबी को हटाया नहीं। क्योंकि उसके लिए यह चाबी ही उसकी एकमात्र भरोसा था।

प्रिया मित्र मुझे आज भी पता चला कि हमारे लिए कोई ठिकाने की आवश्यकता कितना है। बेसहारा होने के कारण मुरकी उस चाबी को ही अपना सहारा मान लिया। माँ ने यह ठीक तरह से समझा था। मैं चाहता हूँ कि हम सब दूसरों के सहायता के लिए कुछ न कुछ करना चाहिए।

आपका दोस्त,
कुमार

Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Paper March 2016

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Paper March 2016

General Instructions Candidates:

  • There is a ‘cool off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of 2% hrs.
  • Your are not allowed to write your answers nor to discuss anything with others during the cool off time’.
  • Read questions carefully before answering
  • All questions are compulsory and only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall

सूचना :निम्नलिखित कवितांश पढ़ें और 1 से 4 तक के प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखें:

पाकर तुझसे सभी सुखों को हमने भोगा।
तेरा प्रत्युपकार कभी क्या हमसे होगा?
तेरी ही यह देह, तुझी से बनी हुई है।
बस तेरे ही सुरस-सार से सनी हुई है।।

Question 1.
यह किस कविता का अंश है?
(मातृभूमि, सपने का भी हक नहीं, कुमुद फूल बेचने वाली लड़की, आदमी का चेहरा.)

Question 2.
कवि की राय में भारतवासियों की देह किससे बनी हुई है?

Question 3.
तेरा प्रत्युपकार कभी क्या हमसे होगा ? ऐसा क्यों कहा गया है?

Question 4.
कवितांश की आस्वादन-टिप्पणी लिखें। सूचना : ‘मुरकी उर्फ बुलाकी’ कहानी का अंश पढ़ें और 5 से 9 तक के प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखें। “हाँ, कुमार ! इसलिए मैंने तुझसे प्रणा लिया था। उसके मर्द ने जब उसके घर की चाबी उसके पल्ले से खोल ली थी, मैंने इस कोठरी की चाबी उसको पकड़ाते हुए कहा था कि मेरे जीते-जी कभी कोई तुझसे यह चाबी नहीं छीनेगा। और कुमार  आज जब मैंने उसकी मरी को नहलाया, इस कोठरी की चाबी उसके नेफे में खोंसी हुई थी। उसके माँस से चिपक गई थी। इस चाबी ने उसकी देह पर जख्म कर दिया था। पर उसने जीते-जी इस चाबी को अपने माँस से नहीं उतारा। मुरकी… बुलाकी एक औरत….”

Question 5.
‘मुरकी उर्फ बुलाकी’ किसकी रचना है?
(एकांत श्रीवास्तव, हिमांशु जोशी, अमृता प्रीतम, राज बुद्धिराजा)

Question 6.
मुरकी की मृत्यु के बाद कोठरी की चाबी कहाँ से मिली? कब?

Question 7.
कुमार की माँ ने कोठरी की चाबी मुरकी को क्यों दी? (3)

Question 8.
उपर्युक्त खंड का संक्षेपण करें।

Question 9.
संक्षेपण के लिए उचित शीर्षक दें।

Question 10.
सूचना : स्तंभ से सही हिंदी शब्द चुनकर मिलान करें। (1 x 8=8)
HSSlive Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2016 1

सूचना : ‘वह भटका हुआ पीर’ संस्मरण का अंश पढ़ें।
वह पूजा के लिए कहीं भी न बैठकर लोगों के दिल में जगह बनाता है। दिल के रिश्ते जोड़ता है।

Question 11.
संकेतों के आधार पर लेखिका और अपनी बहन के बीच का वार्तालाप तैयार करें। (7)

  1. लेखिका का स्कूटर वाले से परिचय।
  2. स्कूटर वाले के सेवा मनोभाव से प्रभावी
  3. लेखिका की श्रद्धा-भावना।

सूचना : ‘जमीन एक स्लेट का नाम है’ आत्मकथा का यह वाक्य पढ़ें।
बेटी के विदा होने में अभी दो-चार दिन वक्त था। मगर ज़मीन की विदाई आज़ ही हो रही थी।

Question 12.
उपर्युक्त वाक्य के आधार पर पिताजी के चरित्र पर टिप्पणी लिखें।
सूचना : निम्नलिखित हाइकू पढ़ें।

मान न मान
मैं तेरा मेहमान
बने बुढ़ापा

Question 13.
हाइकू का भावार्थ लिखें।

Question 14.
बादशाह के बेटे ने खत तीन दफ़ा पढ़कर सुनाया। बेटे की उस दिन की डायरी लिखें। (7)

  1. पिताजी का दर्द
  2. बहन की हालत
  3. बेटे का मानसिक संघर्ष

सूचना :15 से 19 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं तीन के उत्तर लिखें। (3×8-24)

Question 15.
“मगर नींद के खुलने के पूर्व ही नोटिस बैंक की आ धमकी सपने में।” – इस सपने केबारे में युवती अपनी सहेली को एक पत्र लिखती है। वह पत्र तैयार करें।

  1. झोपड़ी में रहकर महल का सपना देखने वाली मज़दूरिन।
  2. सामाजिक सच्चाई का कठोर यथार्थ।
  3. सपना देखना भी डरावना बन जाना।

Question 16.
“पैकेट खाना स्वास्थ्य के लिए चुनौती” – विषय पर संगोष्ठी में प्रस्तुत करने के लिए एक आलेख तैयार करें।

  1. “पैकेट खाना” में रसायनों का प्रयोग
  2. गंदा वातावरण
  3. अनेक प्रकार की बीमारियों का खतरा
  4. खाद्य निरीक्षकों की सिफारिशों का पालन .
  5. घर में पकाकर खाना

Question 17.
‘दवा’ कहानी के आधार पर ‘अनंग’ जी की पत्नी का आत्मकथांश तैयार करें।

  1. कवि अनंग जी का अंतिम क्षण
  2. पत्नी का दुख
  3. मित्र का वचन
  4. अनंग जी का कविता-पाठ
  5. मित्र का मर जाना।

Question 18.
निम्नलिखित अंग्रेज़ी खंड का हिंदी में अनुवाद करें।
Travelling is a part of education. By reading books we get only theoretical knowledge, but practical knowledge is obtained only by travelling. We get knowledge of different people with different manners. We can see their mode of living We can hear their different languages. Travelling develops our outlook.

Travelling – देशाटन
part – भाग
theoretical – सैद्धान्तिक
practical knowledge – व्यावहारिक ज्ञान
manners – रीति-रिवाज़
mode of living – जीने का ढंग
outlook – दृष्टिकोण
obtain – प्राप्त होना

Question 19.

पर्यावरण प्रदूषण को रोकने के लिए विद्यालय कूड़ा-कचरा जलाने वाली मशीन की स्थापना कर रहा है। इसके सही प्रयोग से संबन्धित एक विज्ञापन तेयार करें।

  1. प्रकृति के अनुकूल
  2. वायु प्रदूषण एवं मिट्टी प्रदूषण से दूर
  3. सतर्कता बरतने का संदेश

Answers

Answer 1.
मातृभूमि

Answer 2.
कवि की राय में भारतवासियों की देह मातृभूमि से बनी हुई है।

Answer 3.
मातृभूमि का प्रत्युपकार करने में कवि अपने को असमर्थ मानते हैं। कवि मातृभूमि से अपना घनिष्ठ संबंध मानते हैं। मातृभूमि के धूल लढ़ककर हम बड़े हुए है, घुटनों के बल पर खड़ा होना सीख लिए हैं। बचपन में अतुलित आनंद की प्राप्ति भी उन्होने इसी धरती से पा ली है। कवि के अनुसार मातृभूमि के ऐसे उपकारों का मूल्य जीवन देकर भी नहीं चुकाया सकता।

Answer 4.
द्विवेदी युग के लोकप्रिय कवि मैथिली शरण गुप्त द्वारा लिखित देशप्रेम संबंधी कविता है मातृभूमि। इसमें कवि ने मातृभूमि का गुण-गान किया है। साथ ही देश के प्रति सबकुछ समर्पण करने का आह्वान भी दिया है। कवि कहते हैं – मातृभूमि की धूल में लोट-लोटकर हम बढ़े हुए हैं। इसी धरती पर घुटनों के बल पर चलते चलते पैरों पर खड़े होने सीखे। रामकृष्ण परमहंस के समान बचपन में अतुलित आनंद की प्राप्ति भी मुझे यहीं से हुई। यहाँ रहकर ही सबी सुखों को भोग लिए हैं। मेरा यह शरीर मातृभूमि से ही दिया हुआ है। मृत्यु के बाद भी यह शरीर मातृभूमि में ही मिल जाएगी। इसलिए कवि कहते हैं – मातृभूमि का प्रत्युपकार हम संतानों से नहीं होगा। कवि के अनुसार मातृभूमि के उपकारों का मूल्य प्राण देकर भी नहीं चुकाया सकता।

Answer 5.
अमृता प्रीतम

Answer 6.
मुरकी की मृत्यु के बाद जब उसे नहलाया तब कोठरी की चाबी उसके नेफ़े में खोंसी हुई मिली।

Answer 7.
पति द्वारा उपेक्षित बेसहारा मुरकी को राजवंती ने अपने घर पर आश्रय दिया। मुरकी की घर क चाबी उसकी पति ने उससे छीन ली थी। अपने घर की चाबी खोकर हताश ‘मुरकी को जीने की आशा देती हुई राजवंती ने कोठरी की चाबी उसे दे दी।

Answer 8.
पति दवारा उपेक्षित मरकी को राजवंती ने अपने घर पर आश्रय दिया। पति ने मरकी से घर की चाबी छीन ली थी। हताश मुरकी को राजवंती ने अपने घर की चाबी दी और कभी यह चाबी उससे न छीनने की वादा भी दी। मृत्यु के बाद जब मुरकी को नहलाया तब यह चाबी उसकी नेफे में खोंसी हुई मिली।

Answer 9.
मुरकी – एक बेसहारा औरत

Answer 10.
HSSlive Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2016 2

Answer 11.

लेखिका : अरे दीदी, आइए ना?
षीला (दीदी) : दीदी, मैं बिलकुल थक गई हूँ। अस्पताल से आ रही हूँ।
लेखिका : अस्पताल में हैं कौन?
षीला : सास को अस्पताल में भरती की गई हैं।
लेखिका : अब वह कैसी है?
षीला : ठीक है। कल तो डिसचार्ज होगा।
लेखिका : अरे षीला, क्या तुमने पानी पिलानेवाले स्कूटरवाले को देखा है?
षीला : पानी पिलानेवाला स्कूटरवाला? कोन है वह?
लेखिका : कल उसके साथ मेरा परिचय हआ था। बिलकुल अजीब व्यक्ति है, तुम भरोसा भी नहीं कर सकती।
षीला : ऐसी कौन-सी बात है उसमें?
लेखिका : वह सुबह पानी का डिब्बा लेकर घर से निकलता है और रास्ते में राहगीरों को पानी पिलाता है।
षोला : क्या मुफ़्त में वे पानी पिला रहे हैं?
लेखिका : पानी खतम होने पर पानी की दुकान से पैसे देकर वह मशक भरवाता है और लोगों को पानी पिलाता है।
षीला : अपने पैसे से दूसरों को पिलानेवाला, वह बिलकुल अजीब आदमी है।
लेखिका : हाँ, वह अपनी माँ से प्रभावित होकर यह काम कर रहा है।
षीला: आज की स्वार्थी दुनिया में वह सब केलिए नमूना है।
लेखिका : बिलकुल। ऐसे लोग ही समाज की संपत्ति है।

Answer 12.
प्यारे लोग और प्यारी चीज़ों की विदाई हमेशा दर्दनाक ही होती है। बेटी की शादी हर बाप का सपना है। शादी के बाद जब वह समुराल चली जाती है उस समय की विदाई भी दुख पहूँचाती है। यहाँ बेटी की विदाई के लिए दो चार दिन बाकी है। फिर भी पिताजी उसके बारे में सोचकर दुखी है।

बेटी की शादी के लिए पिताजी को जमीन बेचना पड़ता है। जमीन के प्रति उनके मन में विशेष लगाव था। वह ज़मीन को खोना नहीं चाहता लेकिन शादी का खर्च इक्ट्ठा करने केलिए ज़मीन बेचने को वह मजबूर हो जाता है। बेटी और जमीन दोनों की विदाई उनके दिल में गहरी चोट पहूँचा देती है। पिताजी के कथन में बेटी
और ज़मीन. की विदाई पर उनका गहरा दुख प्रकट हुआ है।

Answer 13.
भगवतशरण अग्रवाल हिंदी के हाइकू लेखकों में श्रेष्ठ है। प्रस्तुत हाइकू में अग्रवालजी कहते हैं कि यदि हम माने या न माने एक दिन हमें बुढ़ापे को स्वीकार करना ही पड़ेगा। कवि के अनुसार जीवन में अचानक आनेवाली मेहमान है बुढ़ापा। हर व्यक्ति बुढ़ापे को अपना दुश्मन मानता है। परंतु परिवर्तन प्रकृति का नियम है। हरेक को उसे स्वीकार करना पड़ेगा।

Answer 14.
20 मई 2016
शुक्रवार
कई दिनों के बाद आज बहन की चिट्ठी मिली। मैं और पिताजी सचमुच उसके इंतज़ार में थे। अंग्रेजों की नज़रें चुपाकर एक सिपाही ने यह खत यहाँ पहुँचा दिया था। पिताजी ने मुझसे खत पढ़ने को कहा। खत पढ़ते वक्त पिताजी के चेहरे पर जो भाव उमड रहा था वह बिलकुल मुझे रुला दिया था। बेटी को देखने की लालसा पिताजी के मन में भरी हुई थी। ये सारी यातनाएं उनकी वजह से बेटी को भोगनी पडी, यही चिंता पिताजी को सता रही थी। में भी कई दिनों से बहन से मिलने की आशा में था। खत पढ़कर मेरी आँखों में भी आँसू भर आई। में ने बार-बार पढ़ लिया। सचमुच बहन के उस खत ने हमें दुख के सागर में डुबा दिया।

Answer 15.

पनाजी,
20-3-2016

प्रिय शिवानी,
तुम कैसी हो? कई दिनों से तुम्हें पत्र लिखने को सोच रही हूँ। लेकिन क्या करूँ यार, काम के बीच समय नहीं मिलता। एक खास बात कहने के लिए ही मैं आज यह पत्र लिख रही हूँ। अरे यार, मैं ने कल ‘एक सपना देखी थी। जिसकी शुरुआत बहुत सुंदर थी, लेकिन अंत बहुत डरावना भी। मैं ने विशाल महल का सपना देखा था, जिसमें सभी प्रकार की सुविधाएँ थी। एक कमरेवाली झोपडी में रहने वाली मेरे लिए यह एक विचित्र अनुभव था। घर में खाने-पीने के लिए अलग-अलग कमरे थे, रसोई और बैठक भी। ऊपरी मंज़िल में पूजा का कमरा था। मेरे घर की छत कांक्रीट से बनी हुई थी और दीवारों के बीच खिड़की और दरवाजे भी थे। जमीन संगमरमर से चमक रही थी और रसोई ग्रानाइट से। टी.वी. और होमथियटर बैठक की शान बढ़ा रहे थे और फ्रिड्ज एवं माइक्रोवेव से रसोई भी सुंदर लग रही थी।

में मच्छरदानी की सुरक्षा में धूप फैलने तक सो रही थी। अरे यार, सारी सविधाएं होने पर मुझे जल्दी उठने की ज़रूरत नहीं थी। लेकिन खलनायक के रूप में आकर बैंक की नोटीस ने मेरे सपने को चकनाचुर कर दिया। शिवानी, अब मुझे लग रही है में ने बेवकूफी ही को है। मेरी जैसी गरीब मज़दूरिन को ऐसे मासूम सपने देखने का हक भी नहीं की है। इसके बाद सपना देखना भी मुझे डरावना बनगया है। मेरा पत्र पढ़कर शायद तुम हँस रही होगी। लेकिन यार, अब सपने का नाम सुनते ही मुझे डर लग रहा है। अगले हफ्ते में तुम्हारे गाँव आ रही हूँ। उस वक्त तुमसे ज़रूर मिलेगी। घर के लोगों से मेरा प्रणाम कहना।

तुम्हारी प्रिय सहेली,
(हस्ताक्षर)
शांती

सेवा में
शिवानी सरोज
‘शिवालयम’
बी-लाइन रोड,
महाराष्ट्र।

Answer 16.
स्वस्थ मानव ही समाज की संपत्ति है। हमारे स्वास्थ्य को बनाए रखने के लिए पौष्टिक एवं स्वस्थ भोजन की जरूरत है। हमारे देश में खेती प्रमुख व्यवसाय है लेकिन आवश्यकता के अनुसार यहाँ भोजन की चीजें पैदा नहीं की जा सकती। भूमण्डलीकरण और उदारीकरण के इस समय में लोगों की भोजन-शैली में भी बदलाव देखने को मिल रहा है। प्रकृतिस्थ भोजन के प्रति (Natural Food) लोगों का आकर्षण घटता जा रहा है।

आधुनिक समाज में ‘फास्ट फुड’ और पैकेट खाना प्रतिष्ठा का चिहन बन गया है। डिल्स, लेइस जैसे पैकेट खाने का प्रचार सब कहीं हम देख सकते हैं। कोककोला, पेप्सी जैसे सोफ्ट ड्रिंगस के प्रति लोगों के मन में गहरा लगाव पैदा हो गया है। लेकिन हमें समझ लेना है, यह सोफ्ट ड्रिंग्स उतना सोफ़्ट नहीं है। जिसमें कई प्रकार के रासायनिक पदार्थों और प्रिसरवेटिव्स शामिल है जो कैंसर जैसी भयानक बीमारियों के लिए भी कारण बन जाते हैं। पैकेट फुड में अजिनोमोटो का प्रयोग भी होता है जो स्वास्थ्य के लिए बहुत ही खतरनाक है।

भोजन की चीज़ों में रुचि बढ़ाने के लिए और सुरक्षित रखने के लिए कई प्रकार के रासायनिक पदार्थों का उपयोग होता है। ये रासायनिक पदार्थ कई प्रकार के बीमारियों का कारण बन जाते हैं। वास्तव में कहें तो हम पैसे खर्च करके बीमारियों को आमंत्रित करते हैं। कभी कभी गंदे वातावरण में ही ऐसे भोजनों को तैयारी होती है। इसका बुरा असर भी यह खाने वाले व्यक्तियों पर पड़ता है।

मिठाइयों में कई प्रकार के रंग देने के लिए रासायनिक चीज़ों का इस्तेमाल होता है। फलों और तरकारियों में कीटनाशकों का उपयोग चलता रहता है। विज्ञापन पर आकर्षित होकर लोग इस प्रकार के चीज़ों पर आकृष्ट हो जाते हैं और इन विषैली भोजन के शिकार बन जाते है।

भोजन की चीज़ों में मिलावट को रोकने के लिए सरकार ने कई प्रकार के कानून को लागू कर दिया है। लेकिन सही ढंग से इसका पालन नहीं हो रहा है। भोजन की गुणवत्ता के निरीक्षण के लिए सरकार ने खाद्य निरीक्षकों की नियुक्ति की है। लेकिन इनके सिफारिशों को भी अनदेखा करके ही यहाँ पैकेट भोजन का व्यापार जारी है।

हमारी भोजन शैली में भी बदलाव लाना बहत ज़रूरी है। फास्टफड और पैकेट फड का मोह छोड़कर हमें प्रकृतिस्थ भोजन की ओर वापस आना चाहिए। कटहल, आम और अमरूद के मिठास को समझने की कोशिश करना चाहिए। होटल फुड को छोडकर घर के खाने को महत्व देना चाहिए। रुचि कम होने पर भी घर का खाना, ‘घर का खाना ही होता है’ – यह सत्य हमें समझ लेना है।

Answer 17.
आज की घटना मेरे स्मृति-पट से कभी चलती नहीं। जीवन और मृत्यु के बीच के संघर्ष को मैं ने बिलकुल अनुभव किया है। ऐसा लग रही है कि मेरे पति का यह दूसरा जन्म है। डाक्टर और चिकित्सा शास्त्र ने उसे पूरी तरह से छोड दी थी। वहाँ उनके मित्र ने कमाल ही दिखाया। मेरे पति को जीवन प्रदान करके मित्र यह दुनिया छोड़कर चले हैं, इसके बारे में सोचकर में बिलकुल दुःखी हूँ। मुझे पूरा विश्वास है कि वे स्वर्ग में ही पहूँच गए होंगे।

पति को आज सुबह अस्पताल में भर्ती की थी। इलाज के बाद डाक्टरों ने कहा कि वे कुछ भी नहीं कर सकते। पति की मृत्यु निश्चित है। वह घंटे भर का मेहमान है। डाक्टर की बातें सुनकर मुझे झटका-सा लगा और मैं भगवान से प्रार्थना करती रही। मैं ने डाक्टर से विनती की कि कम से कम चार-पाँच घंटे तक आप मेरे पति के प्राण बचाए। पुत्र शाम की गाडी से आ रहा है। उन्हें पिताजी को देखने का अवसर दे दें। लेकिन डाक्टरों ने अपनी असमर्थता व्यक्त की।

मेरे दोस्त और रिस्तेदार सब अस्पताल में शामिल थे। सब उदास थे और पुत्र की प्रतीक्षा में थे। इसी बीच पति का दोस्त ईश्वर के रूप में वहाँ आया। उन्होंने डाक्टरों से बातचीत की। मुझे सांत्वना दिलाते हुए कहा – पति को कुछ भी नहीं होगा। मैं इन्हें घंटों तक जीवित रह सकता हूँ। कोई उनकी बातों पर भरोसा रखने को तैयार नहीं था। अंत में उन्हें एक मौका दिया।

वे पति के पास बैठ गए। पति की कविताओं की जोरदार प्रशंसा करने लगे। मित्र ने मृत्य के पहले पति की कुछ कविताएँ सुनाने की इच्छा भी प्रकट की। अलमारी से कविताओं की कॉपी निकालकर दोस्त ने उसे दे दी। पति कविता पाठ शुरु किया। हम सब कमरे के बाहर उपस्थित थे। सब पुत्र के इंतज़ार में थे।

शाम को पुत्र अस्पताल पहुँच गया। जब वह पिताजी के कमरे में घुसे तब उसने देखा पिताजी खुशी से कविता सुना रहे हैं। बेटा और हम सब बहुत खुश हुए। दोस्त बिस्तर के नीचे गिर पडा था। वे मर चुके थे।हम सब चकित रहे। मुझे ऐसा लगा कि ज़िन्दगी तो ऐसी ही है। किसी की मृत्यु हम तय नहीं कर सकते। कोई भी क्षण किसी का भी आलिंगन कर सकती है। पति का दूसरा जन्म है, इस पर हम सब खुश है। मित्र की आत्मा की शांति की प्रार्थना कर रही है।

Answer 18.
देशाटन शिक्षा का एक भाग है। पुस्तकों के वाचन से सिर्फ हमें सैद्धांतिक ज्ञान प्राप्त होते हैं। लेकिन व्यावहारिक ज्ञान देशाटन से ही प्राप्त किया जा सकता है। देशाटन से हमें विभिन्न लोगों के संबंध में और उनकी रीति-रिवाज़ के बारे में जानकारी मिलते हैं। हम उनके जीने का ढंग देख सकते हैं और उनकी विभिन्न भाषा सुन सकते हैं। देशाटन हमारे दृष्टिकोण का विकास कर देता है।

Answer 19.

विद्यालय को हमेशा साफ़ रखें…
इस्तेमाल कीजिए, यह नया मशीन
‘स्पार्क’
कूडे-कचरे आसानी से जला सकते हैं
प्रदूषण को रोकता है
प्रकृति के बिलकुल अनुरूप
स्कूल वातावरण ….. स्वच्छ वातावरण

Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Paper 2017

Kerala Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Paper 2017

Time: 2 1/2 Hour
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

♦ General Instructions Candidates:

  • There is a ‘cool off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of 2% hrs.
  • Your are not allowed to write your answers nor to discuss anything with others during the cool off time’.
  • Read questions carefully before answering
  • All questions are compulsory and only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.

सूचना :निम्नलिखित कवितांश पढ़ें और 1 से 4 तक के प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखें:

“मैंने उसके चेहरे से उसे
कभी नहीं पहचाना,
केवल उस नंबर से जाना
जो उसकी लाल कमीज़ पर टैंका होता।
आज जब अपना सामान खुद उठाया
एक आदमी का चेहरा याद आया।”

Question 1.
यह किस कविता का अंश है? (1)
(सपने का भी हक नहीं, आदमी का चेहरा, मातृभूमि, कुमुद, फूल बेचने वाली लड़की)

Question 2.
कमीज़ पर क्या टॅका होता था? (1)

Question 3.
कवि पहले कुली को कैसे पहचानता था? उसको आदमी का चेहरा कब याद आया? (2)

Question 4.
कवितांश की आस्वादन-टिप्पणी लिखें। (7)

सूचना : ‘मेरे भारतवासियों’ भाषण का अंश पढ़ें और 5 से 9 तक के प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखें।

भविष्य में हमें विश्राम करना या चैन से नहीं बैठना है बल्कि निरंतर प्रयास करना है ताकि हम जो वचन बार-बार दोहराते रहे हैं और जिसे हम आज भी दोहरायेंगे, उसे पूरा कर सकें। भारत की सेवा का अर्थ है, लाखों-करोड़ों पीड़ित लोगों की सेवा करना। इसका मतलब है गरीबी और अज्ञता को मिटाना। बीमारियों और असमानता को मिटाना। हमारी पीढ़ी के सबसे महान व्यक्ति की यही महत्त्वाकांक्ष रही है कि हर एक आँख से आँस् मिट
जाएँ।

Question 5.
‘मेरे भारतवासियों’ किनका भाषण है? (1)

Question 6.
भविष्य में हमें क्या करना है? (2)

Question 7.
भारत की सेवा का मतलब क्या है? (3)

Question 8.
इस खंड का संक्षेपण करें।

Question 9.
संक्षेपण के लिए उचित शीर्षक दें।

Question 10.
सूचना : कोष्ठक से सही हिंदी शब्द चुनकर मिलान करें। (1×8=8)

HSSlive Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2017 3
सूचना : ‘दवा’ कहानी का अंश पढ़ें।
कवि ‘अनंग’ जी का अंतिम क्षण आ पहूँचा था। डॉक्टरों ने कह दिया ये अधिक-से अधिक घंटे भर के मेहमान हैं।

Question 11.
संकेतों के आधार पर डॉक्टर और अनंग जी की पत्नी के बीच का वार्तालाप तैयार करें। (7)

  1. डॉक्टर द्वारा अनंग जी की हालत के बारे में बताना।
  2. अनंग जी की पत्नी की बिनती।
  3. डॉक्टर का निष्कर्ष।

सूचना : ‘जमीन एक स्लेट का नाम है’ आत्मकथा का अंश पढ़ें।
कल रजिस्ट्री के बाद वह ज़मीन अपनी कहाँ रह जाएगी। फिर दूसरों की जमीन में क्या जाना।

Question 12.
इस कथन के आधार पर लेखक के पिताजी के चरित्र पर टिप्पणी लिखें। (4)
सूचना : निम्नलिखित हाइकू पढ़ें।

धन्य है वर्षा
खेतों में कवितायें
बोते किसान

Question 13.
हाइकू का भावार्थ लिखें। (5)

Question 14.
मुरकी की कथा सुनकर कुमार की आँखे भर आईं। उस दिन की डायरी में वह अपने मन की संवेदनाएं व्यक्त करता है। वह डायरी तैयार करें। (7)

  1. मुरकी का कुमार के घर आना।
  2. तचपन में कुमार को खाना खिलाना। .मुरकी का एक लड़के के साथ भाग जाना।
  3. मुरकी का लौट आना
  4. मुरकी की मृत्यु हो जाना

सूचना : 15 से 19 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं तीन के उत्तर लिखें।

Question 15.
सातवें विश्व हिन्दू सम्मेलन में भाग लेने के लिए लेखक सूरीनाम पहुँचता है। राष्ट्रपति
के भाषण से प्रभावित होकर वह अपने मित्र को एक पत्र लिखता है। वह पत्र तैयार करें।

  1. विश्व हिन्दी सम्मेलन का अनुभव।
  2. राष्ट्रपति का भाषण।
  3. सूरीनाम में हिन्दी का प्रचार।
  4. सूरीनाम और भारत के बीच का भाषाई संबंथ।

Question 16.
गमी का एक सांझ में स्कूटर वाला लेखिका के गेट के सामने आया। उसने लेखिका से
अपनी जीवन-गाथा बतायी। संकेतों के आधार पर ‘वह भटका हुआ पीर पाठ के स्कूटर वाले का आत्मकतांश तैयार कीजिए।

  1. पितृविहीन बालक
  2. स्कूटर चलाकर माँ को संभालना
  3. माँ के उपदेश का पालन
  4. लोगों के दिल में जगह बनाना

Question 17.
” विज्ञान : गण भी, दोष भी” । इस विषय पर संगोष्ठी में प्रस्तुत करने के लिए आलेख तैयार करें।

  1. विज्ञान का अर्थ।
  2. विज्ञान से मानव की प्रगति।
  3. विज्ञान के आविष्कार; विविध लाभ।
  4. विज्ञान से विभिन्न प्रकार की हानि।
  5. निष्कर्ष

Question 18.
निम्नलिखित अंग्रेज़ी खंड का हिंदी में अनुवाद करें।
Discipline is very essential for life. It is needed to build a sound family. It is equally necessary in maintaining peace and good relations in society. It is also important for a good relationship between nations. So every child should form a disciplined habit. It will have a good effect for his future life.

Discipline – अनुशासन
essential – ज़रूरी
sound family – स्वस्थ परिवार
habit – आदत
maintain – बनाए रखना
good relationship – अच्छा संबंध

Question 19.
आजकल सड़कों के निर्माण के लिए बड़ी संख्या में वृक्ष काटे जा रहे हैं। इस पर नियंत्रण लाने के लिए उचित पोस्टर तैयार करें।

  1. प्रकृति और मानव।
  2. वृक्षों से परिस्थिति-संतुलन।
  3. वृक्ष की उपयोगितायें।
  4. वृक्षों का नाश, मानव की हानि। (3×8=24)

Answers

Answer 1.
आदमी का चेहरा।

Answer 2.
कमीज़ पर नंबर टॅका होता है।

Answer 3.
कवि पहले कुली के लाल कमीज़ पर टॅका नंबर से उसे पहचानते थे। जब उसने अपना सामान खुद उठाया तब एक आदमी का चेहरा याद आया।

Answer 4.
कुँवर नारायण द्वारा लिखी गई एक आधुनिक कविता है – आदमी का चेहरा। देश की प्रगति में कुली, मज़दूर, कर्मचारी आदि की अपनी-अपनी भूमिकाएँ होती है। कोई भी काम छोटा या नीच नहीं होता। हर काम का अपना-अपना महत्व होता है। कवि जब भी किसी यात्रा केलिए निकलते है तब अपने सामान ढोने केलिए कुली को बुलाते है। कुली आकर उसके समान उठाकर चलता है।

उन्होंने कभी उस कुली को उसके चेहरे से नहीं पहचाना। उसकी पहचान उसकी लाल कमीज़ पर टॅका नंबर से होती है। लेकिन आज कवि को अपना सामान खुद उठाना पड़ा। तब उन्हें वह कुली कितना मेहनत करता है, इसका अहसास आया। तब उसका चेहरा याद आया। बौद्धिक क्षमता, शारीरिक क्षमता से बड़ी नहीं है। हमारी जिंदगी को आरामदायक बनानेवाले मजदूरों, नौकरों और कुलियों को हीन दृष्टि से नहीं देखना चाहिए। बडा काम करनेवाले लोग अपने को उन लोगों से श्रेष्ठ मानते है। ऐसा नहीं होना चाहिए। हर मनुष्य को ईश्वर का संतान मानकर समभावना दिखाना चाहिए।

Answer 5.
भारत के प्रथम प्रधानमंत्री जवहरलाल नेहरु का भाषण है।

Answer 6.
भविष्य में बिना विश्राम के निरंतर प्रयास करते रहना चाहिए। ताकि नेहरुजी द्वारा दिए गए वचनों को पूरा कर सके।

Answer 7.
भारत की सेवा का मतलब है – लाखों-करोड़ों पीडित भारतियों की सेवा करना और उनकी गरीबी, अज्ञता, बीमारियों और असमानताओं को मिटाना।

Answer 8.
भारत के विकास और भारतीयों की उन्नति केलिए निरंतर प्रयास करना है। गरीबी, अज्ञता
और असमानताओं को मिटाना जो गाँधीजी की महत्वकांक्षा है।

Answer 9.
भारत की सेवा

Answer 10.

HSSlive Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2017 2

Answer 11.

डाक्टर : (अनंग जी की पत्नी से) अनंगजी की हालत बहुत गंभीर है। उनका बचना मुश्किल है।
पत्नी : ऐसा मत कहिए, डाक्टर साहब ! उन्हें बचाइए।
डाक्टर : मुझे जो कुछ करना है, मैंने कर दिया। यह मरीज़ एक घंटे से ज्यादा जीवित नहीं रह सकता।
पनी : डाक्टर साहब, मेरा बेटा आ रहा है। उसे अपने पिताजी को ज़िन्दा देखना है। आप कृपया कुछ कीजिए।
डाक्टर : वह कब तक आएगा?
पत्नी : वह शाम की गाड़ी से आ रहा है। पाँच-छह घंटे में आ जाएगा। तब तक उहें ज़िन्दा रखने केलिए कोई दवा दीजिए डाक्टर साहब।
डाक्टर : पाँच-छह घंटे तक यह ज़िदा नहीं रह सकता। माफ़ कीजिए ऐसा कोई दवा नहीं है, जिससे यह एक घंटे से ज्यादा जीवित रह सकें।
पत्नी : (रोती हुई) डाक्टर साहब ……
डाक्टर : बहन जी, यह मेरे बस की बात नहीं है। अनंगजी के अंतिम समय आगया है। आप ईश्वर से प्रार्थना कीजिए।

Answer 12.
लेखक के पिताजी अपनी ज़मीन से अपने बच्चों जैसा प्यार करते है। बहुत आत्मसम्मान रखनेवाले है। इसलिए रजिस्ट्री के बाद जो ज़मीन दूसरों की हो गई है, वहाँ जाना पसन्द नहीं करते। वे बहुत संवेदनशील आदमी है। फिर भी अपना आत्म-संघर्ष मेहमानों के सामने प्रकट नहीं करते।

Answer 13.
हाइकू मूल रूप से जापानी कविता रूप है। गागर में सागर भरने की क्षमता इसमें है। प्रस्तुत हाइकू डा भगवत् शरज अग्रवाल द्वारा लिखित है। बरसात से रूखी-सूखी भूमि को जीवन प्रदान होता है। किसान खेतों में बीज बोता है और फसल उगाता है। उसके मेहनत के कारण खेतों में फसल लह-लहाते है। उसमें अपनी भागीदारी को मानकर वर्षा स्वयं धन्य हो जाती है। किसानों के मेहनत से हमें अन्न मिलता है, यह बात हरेक व्यक्ति को ध्यान रखना चाहिए।

Answer 14.
दिन।
तारीख।

आज हमारी मुरकी की मृत्यू हुई। यह दिन मैं ज़िन्दगी भर भूल नहीं पाएगा। ….. उसकी जिन्दगी दर्द भरी और संघर्ष भरी थी। उसके पिताजी हमारे यहाँ नौकर थे। मरकी की माँ के मरने के बाद उसे भी हमारे घर में ले आया। हाँ … बचपन में वह मुझे खाना खिलाती थी। जवानी में वह जिसके साथ भाग गई, उसने उसे धोखा दिया। लौट आने पर माँ ने फिर से उसे यहाँ हमारे घर में कोठरी दी। ये सारी कहानी आज में माँ के मुंह से सुना। अपनी माँ के बारे में सोचने पर आज मुझे बहुत गर्व महसूस हो रहा है। मुरकी के जीवन के बारे में सोचकर मेरी आँखें अब भी भर आती हैं। मुरकी …. एक शोषित नारी का प्रतीक। अपनी छोटी सी ज़िन्दगी में कितना दर्द उसने सहा? हे, भगवान ……..

लिखने वाले का पता,
तारीख।

Answer 15.
प्रिय मित्र,
प्रणाम। तुम कैसे हो? आशा है तुम और परिवार पूर्ण स्वस्थ और कुशल होंगे। में यह पत्र सुरीनाम से लिख रहा हूँ। मैं यहाँ सातवें विश्व हिन्दी सम्मेलन में भाग लेने केलिए आया हूँ। हिन्दी भाषा की महत्ता को ध्यान में रखकर विश्व हिन्दी सम्मेलन मनाए जाते हैं। हिन्दी को प्रचार-प्रसार दिलाना इसका लक्ष्य है। देश-विदेश से हिन्दी को प्यार करने लोग यहाँ आए हुए है। यहाँ का माहौल मुझे बहुत अच्छा लगा।

सुरीनाम के सैंतीस प्रतिशत लोग भारतीय है। इसी कारण से सब कहीं भारतीय संस्कृति और सभ्यता दिखाई देती है। यहाँ के पाराभारिबो शहर भारतीय शहर जैसा है। उद्घाटन करते हुए यहाँ के राष्ट्रपति रुनालडो वेनेत्शियान ने भारत और सुरीनाम के संबन्ध बारे में बताया। विशेष रूप से भाषाई संबन्ध। उनका भाषण मुझे बहुत अधिक प्रभावित किया। एक सौ तीस साल पहले भारत से आए श्रमिकों की याद में हिन्दी सम्मेलन यहाँ मनाया जा रहा है। मुझे अपनी भाषा पर जो गर्व है, वह और भी बढ़ गया है।

इस यात्रा पर मैं एक सफ़रनामा लिखूगा। उसमें सारी बातों का वर्णन विस्तार से करनीवाला हूँ। तो खत यहाँ समाप्त करता हूँ। तुम्हारे माँ-बाप से मेरा प्रणाम कहना। पाने वाले का

तुम्हारा मित्र
हिमांशु जोशी।

पाने वाले का
नाम और
पता

Answer 16.
पिताजी के मृत्यू के बाद मेरी माँ ने बडी मश्किल से मुझे बडा किया। अब मैं अपनी माँ के साथ दिल्ली में हूँ। आजीविका केलिए दिल्ली के सड़कों पर स्कूटर चलाता हूँ। दूसरों की सहायता करना मुझे बहुत अच्छा लगता है। अपनी मर्जी के अनुसार काम करके दूसरों की सेवा करने में मुझे सुकून मिलता है। माँ ने मुझमें यह आदत डाली है। उनके उपदेश को पूरीतरह निभाने की कोशिश में कर रहा हूँ।

दिल्ली की तड़पती गर्मी में राहगीरों को मैं पानी पिलाता हूँ। अपने ही पैसे से मशक में रेहडी से पानी भरकर गली-गली में स्कूटर रोकता हुआ में प्यासों और यात्रियों का प्यास बुझाने की कोशिश करता हूँ। लोग मुझे ‘मश्कवाला स्कूटर’ कहते है। आजकल घर के बड़े बुजुगों को कोई पानी नहीं पिलाता और माँगने पर जलती आँखों से देखनेवाले है। ऐसी अवस्था नहीं होनी चाहिए। दूसरों केलिए हम से जो कुछ हो सके, हमें करना है। अपने मनकी स्वार्थता को जीत लेना चाहिए। माँ कहती है कि दूसरों के दिल में जगह बनाकर में ग्तेजएट हो गया है।में यह आत्मप्रशंसा केलिए नहीं लिख रहा हूँ। इससे आप लोगों के मन में भी परोपकार की भावना जाग उठेगी तो, मैं अपने-आप को धन्य समझूगा। हमारी इस छोटी सी जिन्दगी में दूसरों के दिल में जगह पाना एक सौभाग्य की बात है।

Answer 17.
विज्ञान का शाब्दिक अर्थ होता है – विशेष या विश्लेषित ज्ञान । मानव आदिकाल से नये-नये आविष्कारों से विकास की ओर बढ़ता जा रहा है। आविष्कारों के बल से उसने जिन्दगी को सुविधाजनक बनाया है। आज हम जिस युग में जी रहे है वह विज्ञान का युग है। जीवन के हर क्षेत्र में विज्ञान की उपलब्धियों का प्रभाव देखा जाता है।

विज्ञान ने मानव को बहुत अधिक सुख-विधाएँ दी है। प्राचीनकाल में यातायात में बहुत अधिक कठिनाइयों थी। लेकिन आज मोटरकार, रेलगाडी, हवाई जहाज़, जहाज़ आदि दवारा हज़ारों मील की दूरी घंटों में पार कर सकता है। टेलीफ़ोन यानी दूरभाष की सहायता से हजारों मील दूर बैठे हुए व्यक्ति से बातचीत कर सकते है। मनोरंजन के लिए विज्ञान ने दूरदर्शन प्रदान किया है। देश-विदेश में घटित घटनाएँ घर बैठे हम देख सकते

चिकित्सा के क्षेत्र में विज्ञान की काफ़ी प्रगति हई है। अनेक जानलेवा बीमारियों से छुटकारा मिलने लगा है। हृदय, गुर्दे आदि आंतरिक अवयवों का प्रत्यारोपण (Transplantation) होता है। ऐसा प्रतीत होता है कि अगर वैज्ञानिक अविष्कारों को हमारे जीवन से हटा दिया जाएगा तो, क्या होगा? हम सोच भी नहीं सकते। हर क्षेत्र में विज्ञान का वरदान हमें प्राप्त है। भूमि और आकाश के रहस्य तक हम जान चुके हैं।

जीवन के विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में मंगलमय सिद्ध होनेवाला यही विज्ञान मानव केलिए अभिशाप भी बन गया है। विज्ञान ने आज मानव-जीवन को यंत्रवत् बना दिया है। मशीनों की अत्याधिक प्रयोग से बेकारी की समस्या बढ़ गई है। द्वितीय महायुद्ध में जापान के दो शहरों में अमेरिका ‘परमाणु बम’ गिराकर सर्वनाश कर दिया था। पूरी पृथ्वी का नाश करने वाली हथियार आज बड़े-बड़े राष्ट्रों के पास एकत्रित है। इन सब कारणों से विज्ञान अभिशाप बनकर प्रकट हुआ है।

विज्ञान को अभिशाप बनाने में विज्ञान का कोई दोष नहीं है। यह उसके प्रयोग करनेवाले पर निर्भर करता है कि किसी शक्ति का प्रयोग निर्माण केलिए करना है या विनाश केलिए। वैज्ञानिक उपकरणों का प्रयोग मानव कल्याण केलिए करना चाहिए। विज्ञान को अभिशाप होने से बचाने केलिए विश्व व्यवस्था में परिवर्तन लाना होगा। कोई भी राष्ट्र गरीब और अल्प विकसित नहीं कहलाना चाहिए।

Answer 18.
अनुशासन जीवन के लिए बहुत ज़रूरी है। एक स्वस्थ परिवार के निर्माण केलिए यह आवश्यक है। ऐसे ही समाज में अच्छा रिश्ता और शांति बनाए रखने केलिए इसकी आवश्यकता है। राष्ट्रों के बीच अच्छा संबन्ध बनाए रखने केलिए इसका महत्वपूर्ण स्थान है। इसलिए हरेक बच्चे को अनुशासित आदत बनाना चाहिए। इसीसे भविष्य में उसकी जिन्दगी में भलाई रहेगी।

Answer 19.
HSSlive Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2017 1

Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Paper March 2018

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Paper March 2018 with Answers

Board SCERT
Class Plus Two
Subject Hindi
Category Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers

Time: 21/2 Hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

General Instructions Candidates:

  • There is a ‘Cool-off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time.
  • Use the ‘Cool-off time’ to get familiar with questions and to plan your answers.
  • Read questions carefully before answering.
  • Read the instructions carefully.
  • Calculations, figures and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
  • Give equations wherever necessary.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.

सूचना : कवितांश पढ़ें और 1 से 3 तक के प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखें।

मैंने उसके चेहरे से उसे
कभी नहीं पहचाना,
केवल उस नंबर से जाना
जो उसकी लाल कमीज़ पर टँका होता।
आज जब अपना सामान खुद उठाया
एक आदमी का चेहरा याद आया ।।

प्रशन 1.
कवि ने कुली को कैसे पहचाना? (Score : 1)
उत्तर:
नंबर से

प्रशन 2.
कवि को आदमी का चेहरा कब याद आया? (Score : 1)
उत्तर:
अपना सामान खुद उठाने पर

प्रशन 3.
समकालीन संदर्भ से जोड़कर कवितांश की आस्वादन टिप्पणी लिखें। (Score :6)
उत्तर:
श्री कुँवर नारायण बहुमुखी प्रतिभा संपन्न कवि है। आप ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार से सम्मानित हैं। प्रस्तुत कविता में कवि कठिन मेहनत करनेवाला एक कुली के प्रति अपना विचार प्रकट करते हैं। समकालीन संदर्भ में इस कविता को बड़ा स्थान है।

बड़े लोग कहनेवाले लोग साधारण कामकाज करनेवाले लोगों को तिरस्कार की दृष्टि से देखते हैं। केवल वर्धी या नंबर से ही इन्हें जाने जाते हैं। जब साधारण लोगों के समान काम करने पड़ते है तब काम का महत्व मालूम होते हैं। और जानने से ज़्यादा पहचानने की क्षमता हाज़िल होते हैं।

यहाँ कवि ललित शब्दों में निम्नवर्ग के प्रति सकारात्मक दृष्टिकोण की आवश्यकता को दिखाता है। श्रम का महत्व हर मानव को पहचानना चाहिए। समकालीन कविता प्रासंगिकता रखते हैं।

सूचनाः 4 से 7 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं तीन के उत्तर एक या दो वाक्यों में लिखें। (Scores : 3 × 2 = 6)

प्रशन 4.
‘दिल्लीवाले मुझको रोते होंगे…….. मैं भी उनको रोता हूँ।’ यहाँ शासक का कौन सा गुण प्रकट हुआ है?
उत्तर:
प्रजाहित केलिए शासन करनेवाले एक साम्राट की देशप्रेम और सहानुभूति प्रकट होती है।

प्रशन 5.
‘मेरी जीत तेरी जीत
तेरी हार मेरी हार’ –
सच्ची दोस्ती कैसी होती है?
उत्तर:
सच्ची दोस्ती में जीत या हार दोनों को एक साथ अनुभव करते हैं।

प्रशन 6.
‘जब तक लोगों की आँखों में आँसू हैं, और वे पीड़ित हैं, तब तक हमारा काम खतम नहीं होगा।’ नेहरू जी के अनुसार भारत के नव-निर्माण के लिए हमें क्या करना है?
उत्तर:
सभी लोगों के आँसू पोंछना है। हर व्यक्ति को पीड़ा से बचाना है।

प्रशन 7.
‘नदियाँ प्रेम प्रवाह, फूल-तारे मंडन है’ – मातृभूमि के आभूषण क्या-क्या हैं?
उत्तर:
फूल और तारे आभूषण है।

प्रशन 8.
सूचनाः सही मिलान करें। (Scores : 8 × 1 = 8)
Advance – प्रतिशत
Bacteria – टीकाकरण
Commerce – सांख्यिकी
Ecology – उपग्रह
Percent – पेशगी
Satellite – जीवाणु
Statistics – वाणिज्य
Vaccination – पारिस्थितिकी
उत्तर:
Advance – पेशगी
Bacteria – जीवाणु
Commerce – वाणिज्य
Ecology – पारिस्थितिकी
Satellite – उपग्रह
Statistics – सांख्यिकी
Vaccination – टीकाकरण

सूचनाः 9 से 13 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं चार के उत्तर पाँच या छः वाक्यों में लिखें। (Scores : 4 × 4 = 16)

प्रशन 9.
हिंदी के प्रचार-प्रसार में हिंदी फिल्मी गीतों की विशेष भूमिका है। भारत की भावात्मक एकता में वह सहायक है। संकेतों के आधार पर टिप्पणी लिखें।

  • जन साधारण को प्रभावित करने वाला
  • हिंदी के प्रति रुचि उत्पन्न करने वाला

उत्तर:
हिंदी फिल्मी गीतों भारत में ही नहीं बल्कि विदेशों में भी प्रसिद्ध है। साधारण लोगों से लेकर समाज के ऊँचे पदों में विराजते सभी लोग इनका आस्वादन करते हैं। अत्यधिक प्रभावशाली होने के कारण अहिंदी प्रदेश के लोगों भी हिंदी फिल्मी गीतों का आस्वादन करते हैं। दोस्ती गीत भारत में इतना मशहूर हुआ कि कई लोग वह आज भी गुनगुनाते रहते हैं। मलयालम जैसे भाषाओं में भी फिल्मी जगत में इस गीत का प्रभाव हम देख सकते हैं।

प्रशन 10.
जीवन-वृत्त के आधार पर मलयालम के प्रसिद्ध कवि ओ.एन.वी.कुरुप के बारे में एक अनुच्छेद तैयार करें।
नाम : ओ.एन.वी.कुरुप
जन्म : 1931.
जन्मस्थान : कोल्लम जिले का चवरा नामक गाँव
रचनाएँ : दाहिक्कुन्न पानपात्रं, माटुविन चटंडले, भूमिक्कु ओरु चरमगीतं
पुरस्कार : ज्ञानपीठ, पद्मविभूषण
विशेषताएँ : मलयालम के लोकप्रिय कवि
निधन : 2016
उत्तर:

श्री ओ एन वी कुरुप

मलयालम के विख्यात साहित्यकार श्री ओ एन वी कुरुप का जन्म 1931 में कोल्लम जिले का चवरा नामक गाँव में हुआ था। आपकी प्रसिद्ध रचनाओं में दाहिकुन्न पानपात्रम, माटुविन चट्टडले, भूमिक्कु ओरु चरमगीत आदि है। भारत देश ज्ञानपीठ और पद्म विभूषण से आपको सम्मानित किया। आप मलयालम के लोकप्रिय कवि है। आपका निधन 2016 को हुआ था।

प्रशन 11.
‘जब भी कोई
फूल खिला बाग में
तू याद आया।’ ‘प्रेम हमेशा हरा रहता है।’
हाइकू के आधार पर अपना विचार स्पष्ट करें।
उत्तर:
श्री भगवतशरण अग्रवाल के हिंदी हाइकू बहुत प्रसिद्ध है। कवि, इन हाइकू के माध्यम से बड़े-बड़े बातों को आसानी से व्यक्त करते हैं। प्रेम की महत्वपूर्ण भाव प्रस्तुत हाइकू में अभिव्यक्त किया है। प्रेम हमेशा हरा रहता है। यह बात दिखाने के लिए इस हाइकू का सृजन किया है। प्रेम कभी नहीं मुरझाता है। प्रेमी-प्रेमिका के दिल में हमेशा याद हरा रहती है।

प्रशन 12.
‘वे खामोश थे। कुछ बोल नहीं रहे थे। मगर उनके भीतर का हाहाकर मेरी समझ में आ रहा था। ज़मीन का नष्ट होना पिताजी के लिए हृदय टूटने के समान है। मिट्टी और मनुष्य के अभिन्न संबंध के बारे में अपना विचार प्रकट करें।
उत्तर:
‘ज़मीन एक स्लेट का नाम है आत्मकथा के प्रमुख पात्र है पिताजी। अपनी बेटी की शादी के खर्च केलिए जान से भी प्यारी ज़मीन बेचने केलिए वह विवश हो जाते हैं। वह उस ज़मीन में खामोश चलते हैं जिसे बेचनेवाला है। जीवन के बहुत अधिक समय ज़मीन के साथ थे वह। उसकेलिए ज़मीन अपना ही शरीर के हिस्सा है। बचपन से लेकर बुढापा तक वह ज़मीन से अटूट संबंध रखते थे। प्यारी बेटी केलिए ज़मीन बेचते हैं। बेटी की विदाई और ज़मीन चले जाने- दोनों तरह से वह प्रभावित होते हैं।

प्रशन 13.
‘मगर नींद के
खुलने के पूर्व ही नोटीस
बैंक की आ धमकी सपने में’ – आदमी का सपना हमेशा अधुरा रहता है। कवितांश का विश्लेषण करें और लिखें।
उत्तर:
सपने का भी हक नहीं एक यथार्थवादी कविता है। आधुनिक समाज में भी निम्नवर्ग के लोगों के जीवन बड़ी मुसीबत में है। उन्हें जीवन में सुविधाओं को सपने में ही देखने को मिलते हैं। कवि कहना चाहता है कि हालत इतना बिगड़ गया है कि सपने में भी जप्ती का नोटिस आता है। यानि जीवन इतना मुश्किल में पड़ गया है।

सूचना : गद्यांश पढ़ें और प्रश्न संख्या 14, 15 के उत्तर लिखें।

दिनांक 6 जून को प्रातः सम्मेलन का शुभारंभ करते हुए सूरीनाम के आफ्रीकी मूल के राष्ट्रपति रुनाल्डो वेनेत्सियायन ने अपने उद्बोधन में कहा था – सूरीनाम और भारत के बीच प्रगाढ़ आत्मीय संबंध है। दोनों देश अनेक अर्थों में एक दूसरे से गहरे जुड़े हैं। दोनों के बीच पुराने भाषाई संबंध है। भाषा भावों की अभिव्यक्ति का सश्क्त माध्यम होती है। हिंदी की जननी संस्कृत की अपनी विशेषताएँ हैं। उसके साथ-साथ आज विश्व की एक प्रमुख भाषा के रूप में हिंदी भी उभर रही है। सूरीनाम में हिंदी के प्रचार-प्रसार में हिंदी के आम आदमी तक पहुँचाने में हिंदी फिल्मों तथा संगीत का भी विशेष योगदान रहा है।

प्रशन 14.
किन-किन देशों के बीच पुराने भाषाई संबंध हैं? (Scores: 2)
उत्तर:
सुरीनाम और भारत के बीच पुराने भाषाई संबंध है।

प्रशन 15.
गद्यांश का संक्षेपण करें और शीर्षक लिखें। (Scores: 6)
उत्तर:
सुरीनाम और भारत

सम्मेलन के आंरभ में, सुरीनाम के राष्ट्रपति ने सुरीनाम और भारत के बीच के अत्मीय और भाषाई संबंध को भारे में कहा। संस्कृत और हिंदी के विशेष योगदान के भारे में भी कहा। सुरीनाम में हिंदी के प्रचार प्रसार में हिंदी फिल्मी गीतों का योगदान हैं।

सूचना : 16 से 19 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं तीन के उत्तर लिखें। (scores : 3 × 6 = 18)

प्रशन 16.
अनंग जी के अंतिम क्षण आ पहुंचे। उन्हें घंटे भर जीवन रखने के लिए उनकी पत्नी डॉक्टर से प्रार्थना करती है। अनंग जी की पत्नी और डॉक्टर के बीच का वार्तालाप कल्पना करके लिखें।

  • अनंग जी की आसन्न मृत्यु
  • पुत्र के आने तक जिंदा रखने की प्रार्थना
  • दवा दिलाने की प्रेरणा

उत्तर:
पत्नी : डॉक्टर साहब, मेरे पति की रक्षा कीजिए।
डॉक्टर : बहिन जी, हम सब उनको बचाने की कोशिश में हैं।
पत्नी : मेरी बात तो सुनिए जी।
डॉक्टर : आप बताइए।
पत्नी : शाम की गाड़ी में मेरे बेटे आनेवाला है। कई महीने हुए उसके पिताजी से मिलकर।
डॉक्टर : आप बताइए, हमें क्या करना है?
पत्नी : कम से कम शाम की गाड़ी के आने तक आप उन्हें जिंदा रखने की कोशिश कीजिए।
डॉक्टर : अच्छा, उसकी गाड़ी कब तक आएगी।
पत्नी : शाम को पाँच बजे वह रेलवे स्टेशन पहूँचेगा। वहाँ से यहाँ पहुँचने के लिए आधा घंडा लगेगा।
डॉक्टर : लेकिन, यह कैसा संभव है जी?
पत्नी : डॉक्टर साहब, आप कुछ मत बताइए। मेरा बेटा अपने पिताजी को जीवन में अंतिम बार देखने के लिए ही आ रहा है।
डॉक्टर : आपकी वेदना मैं समझ रहा हूँ जी। हम लोग कोशिश तो ज़रूर करेंगे। आप भगवान पर उम्मीद रखिए।
पत्नी : अच्छा डॉक्टर साहब। आप ही अब हमारे लिए भगवान है। कृपया मेरी इच्छा पूर्ण कीजिए।

प्रशन 17.
‘ज़मीन एक स्लेट का नाम है’ पाठ का अंश पढ़ें। ‘पिताजी के सूखे आँसुओं को कौन देख सकता था। कौन सुन सकता था उनके निःशब्द विलाप को।’ शादी की तैयारियाँ देखकर दीदी का मन संघर्ष से भरा। वह अपनी डायरी लिखती है। दीदी की डायरी 60 – 80 शब्दों में तैयार करें।

  • भाई और माता-पिता का प्यार
  • परिवार से बिछुड़ने का दुख
  • पिताजी के दुख का न सहना
  • ससुराल के प्रति आशंका

उत्तर:

डायरी

सोमवार
07.07.15

आज मेरी जीवन में एक विशेष दिन है, मेरी शादी की तैयारियाँ हो रही है। पिताजी और भाई शादी के खर्च केलिए ज़मीन बेच रहे हैं। मुझे मालूम है कि वह ज़मीन दोनों के जीवन से कितना संबध रखता हैं। फिर भी वे मेरी शादी केलिए ज़मीन बेच रहा है। कुछ ही दिनों में मेरी शादी हो जाएगी और मैं यह घर | छोडकर दूसरा घर जाएगी। मेरे परिवारवालों ने मेरेलिए कितना कष्ट सहन करते हैं। पति के घर जाकर मुझे खुशी मिलेगी या नहीं – पता भी नहीं, सब-कुछ देखकर मुझे थोडा सा डर हो रहा है। ईश्वर मेरी रक्षा करें।

प्रशन 18.
‘पुस्तक वाचन इनसान को महान बनाता है।’ बच्चों में वाचन की रुचिं बढ़ाने के लिए कक्षा में पुस्तकालय बनाने का प्रबंध किया गया है। इसका उद्घाटन स्कूल के सभागृह में पंचायत के अध्यक्ष करेंगे। तदवसर पर छात्रों को वाचन प्रतियोगिता भी चलाएँगे। इसके लिए एक पोस्टर तैयार करें।
उत्तर:
Plus Two Hindi Previous Year Question Paper March 2018, 1

प्रशन 19.
खंड का हिंदी में अनुवाद करें।
India is a secular country. Secularism means that everybody enjoys complete religious freedom. Religious freedom is our fundamental right. It is constitutional also. Everybody has the freedom to propagate and to adopt any religion. Secularism is the only way to maintain religious harmony among these different religiions. We Indians can lead a peaceful life.
(Secularism – धर्मनिरपेक्ष, Religious – धार्मिक, freedom – आज़ादी, Cultural – सांस्कृतिक, fundamental right – मूल अधिकार, adopt – अपनाना, Constitution – संविधान, harmony – एकता, propagate – प्रचार करना, construct – निर्माण करना)
उत्तर:
भारत एक धर्मनिरपेक्ष देश है। धर्मनिरपेक्षता का अर्थ हैं कि सभी लोगों को पूरी तरह के धार्मिक आज़ादी मिले। धार्मिक आज़ादी हमारा मूल अधिकार हैं। यह संविधानिक भी है। सभी का किसी भी धर्म को अपनाने और प्रचार करने की आज़ादी है। धर्मनिरपेक्षता सभी धर्मों के बीच एकता कायम रखने की एकमात्र रास्ता है। हम भारतीय को एक शतिपूर्ण जीवन बिता सकेंगे।

सूचनाः 20 से 22 तक के प्रश्नों में से किन्हीं दो के उत्तर लिखें। (Scores : 2 × 8 = 16)

प्रशन 20.
‘मुरकी उर्फ बुलाकी’का अंश पढ़ें।
‘जब मैंने उसकी मरी को नहलाया, इस कोठरी की चाबी उसके नेफे में खोंसी हुई थी। उसके माँस से चिपक गई थी।’ – मुरकी के अंतिम क्षण की बातें माँ से सुनकर व्यथित कुमार मित्र को एक पत्र लिखता है। वह पत्र तैयार करें।

  • माँ के द्वारा मुरकी का पालप-पोषण करना
  • पति द्वारा उपेक्षित मुरकी को सहारा देना
  • घर की चाबी पकड़ा जाना
  • अंतिम क्षण तक चाबी को सुरक्षित रखना

उत्तर:

बरेली
20/मई/2015

प्रिय मित्र,
तुम कैसे हो? पढ़ाई ठीक तरह से चलते है ना? घर में माँ-बाप और बहन कैसे है? मैं आज एक अजीब ‘ बात बताने के लिए यह खत लिख रहा हूँ। मैंने तुमसे पहले ही कहा है हमारे घर की नौकरानी मुरकी के बारे में। वह केवल एक नौकरानी नहीं है, मेरी दीदी जैसे हैं। घर में सभी लोगों के साथ उसका बहुत प्यारा संबंध है।

आज मुरकी की मृत्यु हुई। माँ ने आज मुरकी की पूरी कहानी मुझे बताया। बारह साल की उम्र में एक नौकरानी की रूप में आयी थी वह। मैं बहुत छोटा था मुझे देखने केलिए – मुझे देखने केलिए। फिर, वह यहाँ ही रहना शुरू हुआ। माँ ही उसे मुरकी और बुलाकी बुलाते थे। जब वह बड़ी हुई वह किसी शहरवाले लड़के के साथ भाग गई। लेकिन वह लड़के ने उसे रास्ते में छोड़ दिये। मुरकी वापस घर पर आयी। माँ उस घर में कोटरी की चाबी देकर संरक्षण दिया था।

मुरकी उस चाबी को अपने शरीर में इसी तरह रखा था कि वह उसके शरीर पर घाव लगाने लगे थे। फिर भी वह चाबी को हटाया नहीं। क्योंकि उसके लिए यह चाबी ही उसकी एकमात्र भरोसा था।

प्रिय मित्र मुझे आज भी पता चला कि हमारे लिए कोई ठिकाने की आवश्यकता कितना है। बेसहारा होने के कारण मुरकी उस चाबी को ही अपना सहारा मान लिया। माँ ने यह ठीक तरह से समझा था। मैं चाहता हूँ कि हम सब दूसरों के सहायता के लिए कुछ न कुछ करना चाहिए।

आपका मित्र,
कुमार

प्रशन 21.
‘भटका हुआ पीर’ का अंश पढ़ें ।
‘तू पानी पिलाया कर, पुण्य मिलता है। तब से अब तक इस मश्क से मेरा रिश्ता जुड़ा हुआ है।’ स्कूटरवाला अपनी आत्मकथा लिखता है। वह आत्मकथांश 100 – 120 शब्दों में तैयार करें।

  • पितृहीन बालक
  • माँ के उपदेश का पालन करना
  • राहगीरों को पानी पिलाना
  • दिल का रिश्ता जोड़ना

उत्तर:

आत्मकथा

मेरा जीवन सफल है या नहीं यह मैं नहीं जानता पर मैं खुश हूँ इस जीवन से। मेरा बाप की मृत्यु मेरी छोटी उम्र में ही हुआ था। माँ कठिन परिश्रम करके मेरा देखपाल किया। छोटी उम्र में ही भूख और गरीबी की हालत समझ लिया। स्ट्रीट लइट के नीचे बैठकर पढ़ते थे। बड़े होने पर स्कूटर चलाना शुरू किया। माँ और मेरे लिए भूख मिटाने के लिए मैं काम करता था। साथ साथ पढ़ते थे और ग्राजुइट हो गया। रास्ते में प्यास के मारे तड़पते रहने लोगों को देखकर उन्हें पानी पिलाना शुरु किया।

और काम मिला तो भी मैं यह स्कूटर चलाना और राहगीरों को पानी पिलाना पसंद करता हूँ। एक मशक में पानी खरीदकर स्कूटर में रखता हूँ। रास्ते में जो भी प्यासा आये उन्हें पानी पिलाये घूमता हूँ। माँ कहते हैं पानी पिलाने से पुण्य मिलेगा। पैसे केलिए जीवन में दौड़नेवाले कई लोग होते हैं। मेरे पास पैसे नहीं बल्कि कई लोगों के पुण्य है। मैं बहुत खुश हूँ इस जीवन से क्योंकि मैं लोगों के दिल में जगह बनाता हूँ और वह मुझे प्यार से मशकवाला स्कूटर कहते हैं।

प्रशन 22.
विज्ञान समाज कल्याण के लिए है। जनसाधारण तक इसका चमत्कार पहुँचाते ही देश की प्रगति संभव है। प्रसिद्ध भारतीय वैज्ञानिक सी.वी.रामन की जन्मतिथि पर जिला पंचायत कार्यालय में ‘विज्ञान की प्रगति जनता के लिए’ विषय पर एक भाषण प्रतियोगिता का आयोजन हुआ है। भाषण 100 – 120 शब्दों में लिखें।

  • विज्ञान से मानव प्रगति
  • विज्ञान से लाभ
  • विज्ञान से हानि
  • वैज्ञानिक उपलब्धियों का प्रचार

उत्तर:

भाषण

सभा और मंच पर उपस्थित सभी लोगों को नमस्कार । मैं आज “विज्ञान की प्रगति जनता केलिए’ विषय पर अपना मत प्रकट करने केलिए यहाँ खड़ा हूँ। हम सब जानते हैं, आज प्रसिद्ध भारतीय वैज्ञानिक सी.वी.रामन की जन्मतिथि है। भारत में जन्म लेकर पूरे विश्व में अपना सिद्धी प्रकट किये सी.वी.रामन विश्व भवर के वैज्ञानिकों में प्रमुख है। अपनी निरंतर परिश्रम और मेधा से आपने कई नई अविष्कारों को ढूंढ निकाला। हम आज भी उसकी आभारी है। हर एक वैज्ञानिक अनुसंतान साधारण लोगों के हित केलिए होना चाहिए। यह हर वैज्ञानिक का वादा होना चाहिए। विनाशकारी अनुसलानों से, हमें कोई लाभ नहीं हैं। जो भी विज्ञान हो वे समाज कल्याण केलिए है। हर एक नागरिक को उसका फल मिलना चाहिए। आजकल कई ऐसा, वैज्ञानिक आविष्कार होता है जो समाज के उच्चवर्ग को ही काम आता है। आम जनता से वह दूर रहते हैं।

एक देश की प्रगति वहाँ के जनता पर निर्भर है। जनता के प्रगति केलिए विज्ञान का सदुपयोग ज़रूरी होता है। सी.वी.रामन जैसे वैज्ञानिकों का यही दृष्टिकोण था। केवल पैसा कमाना और एक आराम में जीवन बिताना काफी नहीं है। परोपकार की भावना से उत्प्रेरित होकर साधारण मानव से महामानव बनकर वैज्ञानिकों को सेचना चाहिए और अविष्कारों को ढूँढे निकालना है। मुझे यकीन हैं कि आप सब लोग मुझसे सहमत होंगे। मेरी यह छोटी भाषण सुने सब लोगों को धन्यवाद।

जयहिंद।

Plus Two English Model Question Paper 4

Kerala Plus Two English Model Question Paper 4

Time: 2 1/2 Hour
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

(Qns. 1-3)Read the following excerpt from the lesson ‘Dangers of Drug Abuse’ and answer the questions that follow.
It is now often considered naive to expend energy on solving a problem when there is an easy way out. It is a simple step from ‘look what drugs do for me when I feel depressed ’, to ‘imagine what drug can do for me when I feel good already’.

Question 1.
What is the problem discussed here?

Question 2.
What is an easy way?

Question 3.
Write a paragraph on the mental as well as the physical impact of drug abuse

Question 4.
Fill in the blanks with the most suitable option.
passed away, do without, look forward to, called off, made up, carried away, break out, run out, put up with, keep up.

  1. Don’t smoke in the forest. Fires…………. easily at this time of the year.
  2. I……….. seeing my friends again.
  3. I’m afraid; we have ………… of apple juice. Will an orange juice do?
  4. Your website has helped me a lot to…………… the good work.
  5. A friend of mine has ……….. her wedding.
  6. His mother can’t……….. his terrible behaviour anymore.
  7. As an excuse for being late, she…………. a whole story.
  8. I got……….. his enthusiasm.
  9. I just can not………….. my mobile. I always keep it with me.
  10. She was very sad because of her father………….. last week

(Qns. 5-7) Read the following lines from the poem ‘This Is Going to Hurt Just a Little Bit’ and answer the questions that follow.
And it is all cluttered up with stone
crushers and concrete mixer sand drills
and steam rollers and there isn’t a nerve in your head that you aren’t being irked on.

Question 5.
What does the poet mean by‘it’here?

Question 6.
Bring out the humour used in these lines.

Question 7.
Who is the author of the poem?

Question 8.
The following passage has not been edited. There is an error in each line. List them as shown in the example.
Eg:- Time is Very precious than money. Ans.Very more

  1. Money once loses can be regained,  (a) ………….
  2. But time once lost was lost forever. (b) ………….
  3. Those who don’t act in time have to repent in the future (c) ………….
  4. A lost opportunity may soil once life. (d) ……………..

(Qns. 9-11) Read the following excerpt from the anecdote ‘Didi’ and answer ques­tions that follow.
‘One day I walked into a sprawling, a low-income community which was a maze of tiny alley was, buzzing with life. An estimated 10,000 people lived here with no running water, no system of waste disposal, and shared six dark cubicle toilets that lined an adjoining alley.’

Question 9.
Name the lady who visited the community

Question 10.
What did she see there?

Question 11.
What does the word ‘maze’ mean here
(a) group
(b) mess
(c) place
(d) area

Question 12.
Imagine that you won the National Green Corps (NGC) Award for coordinating the activities of your school eco club. The award would be given away by the Governor of the state in the presence of the Chief Minister, the Minister for Home Affairs and cer­tain other dignitaries. You are supposed to deliver a speech after receiving the award. Draft the speech you are likely to deliver

Question 13.
In his speech, Dr.Kalam says: “When it comes to burning social issues like those relat­ed to women, dowry, girl child and others, we make loud drawing room protestations and continue to do the reverse at home. Our excuse? It’s the whole system which has to change”.

Write an editorial on the changes that have to be brought in the system so as to im­prove the condition of women in India

Question 14.
A debate was conducted in the class on the topic ‘who is an ideal wife’-a wife who lives according to the wishes of the husband or a wife with strong views and opinions?
The major arguments for the topic are as follows:

  • An ideal wife is one who lives according to the wishes of the husband because of women regard husbands as God.
  • In the male-dominated society, women find themselves in a better position to live according to the wishes of their husbands.
  • Women are labeled as the weaker sex.
  • Women are submissive.
    Prepare four arguments against.

Question 15.
A seminar on ‘Increasing Environmental Havoc’ was conducted in CMI Public School as per the following programme. Read it carefully and prepare a report of the seminar in about 200 words

CMI Public School
Kozhikode -17
Seminar

Topic : Environmental Issues, Havoc
Venue: School Auditorium
Date: 18.02.2016
Programme
Prayer:  School choir
Welcome speech:  Sri. Ashok Mehta (Principal)
Presidential address: Sri. Mathew Stephen(MLA)
Inaugural address: Smt.SugathaKumari (poetess and environmentalist)
Felicitation: Kum. Aruna Bhasin (Staff representative)
Mr. Vipin Das (Student representative)
Paper: 1. Mr. Shyam Kumar M K (What is the environment)
presentations  2. Ms. Ashmy Salim (Causes of environmental degradation)
3. Merin James
(Consequences of environmental degradation)
4. John Koshy (Role of students in preserving environment)
Interactive session
The vote of thanks: Mr. Jens Janus (School chairman)
National Anthem: School choir

Question 16.
“I was in to see Gresham this afternoon. He told me about the offer he had made you.
But he knew that no amount of money would make you do something you thought wrong,” said Marshall to Baldwin. If John Gresham narrated the incident that pre­ceded this talk to Marshall, how would he explain it? Write your answer in the first person narrative.
Question 17.
Shaheen Mistri says “I began to notice the disparity that existed in different peoples lives.” In our society, there exists a wide gap in inequality even today. So, your school has decided to conduct an essay competition on this topic, ‘The importance of equality in India, in order to propagate the idea of a right to equality. You want to participate in the competition. Prepare the essay on the topic.

Qns (18-20)Read the given excerpt from ‘Amigo Brothers’ and answer the ques­tions that follow.
“Ladies and Gentlemen,” The announcer spoke slowly, “Now is the moment we have all been waiting for for the main event between two fine young Puerto Rican fighters.”

Question 18.
Who are the fighters referred here?

Question 19.
Give a description of the occasion.

Question 20.
What is the tension created at the moment denoted in the passage?

Answers

Answer 1.
The problem of drug abuse.

Answer 2.
The easy way is to see what drugs do for one when one feels depressed and to imagine what it can do when one feels good already.

Answer 3.
The drug-related disorder is found externally at first. But they gradually affect the mind. The addict often feels that people are looking at him strangely. He is not sure when people smile at him that they were not really; laughing. The addict can even lose his sense of being alive. He feels ‘dead inside’. An ad­dict who loses his sensory deprivation may feel that the sun is shining, the flowers are in | bloom, and these are the signs of a good day, but pressing his chest, he doubts whether it is in here. Addicts often press their fingers deep into their arms or legs as if to reassure themselves of their own reality.

Answer 4.

  • Don’t smoke in the forest. Fires breakout I ’ easily at this time of the year
  • I look forward to seeing my friends again.
  • I’m afraid; we have run out of apple juice, Will an orange juice do?
  • Your website has helped me a lot to; keep up the good work.
  • A friend of mine has called off her wed­ding.
  • His mother can’t put up with his terrible behaviour anymore.
  • As an excuse for being late, she made up a whole story.
  • I got carried away by his enthusiasm.
  • I just cannot do without my mobile. I; always keep it with me.
  • She was very sad because her father passed away last week.

Answer 5.
His tooth

Answer 6.
By exaggerating the pain and problems caused during a dental repair; using expressions like crushers, concrete mixers, drills I and steam rollers, the poet actually breaks the people into laughter.

Answer 7.
Ogden Nash.

Answer 8.
Lose-lost, Was-is, Once one’s, Has- have

Answer 9.
Shaheen Mistri

Answer 10.
She saw a maze of tiny alleyways, buzzing with, life and around 10,000 people lived there with no running water and no system of waste disposal. They all shared six dark cubicle toilets that lined an adjoining alley.

Answer 11.
Mess

Answer 12.
Award acceptance speech
Honorable Governor of Kerala, your Excel­lency Sri. P Sathasivam, honourable Chief Minister Sri.Oommen Chandi, Home min­ister Sri. Ramesh Chennithala and other dignitaries on and off the dais, and my dear friends,

It is indeed a great privilege and honour for Hill view Public School to receive the Na­tional Green Corps Award. I take this op­portunity to extend our sincere gratitude to all those who made this stage a reality for us.

“We won’t have a society if we destroy them. environment.” These words of Margret Tead are the soul inspiration for the activities of the Eco Club of our school. ‘Awaken to the green pastures’, the motto of our Eco Club is the true expression of our dream to make our school, homes and society green. We nurture and take care the greenery of our school to give back something to mother Earth rather than being mere parasites.

The first seed of organic farming was plant­ed in our mind by our Botany teacher who took our attention to the large quantity of poison we consume each day. Little hands joined to make the wastelands of our school a fertile farm. It found its result. When we reaped tones of farm fresh, poison free veg­etables last year, it set a golden account in the history of our school.

We have adopted a new lifestyle by reducing the electricity bill in our homes for energy conservation, using biofertilizers and most important of all by loving and caring the fel­low creatures and plants. It has helped us a lot to tread milestones in our journey of en­vironment conservation. Our eco club finds pride in declaring our campus plastic free. By planting the seeds of environment con­servation in the minds of the students and the society, we aim to build a generation which is aware of the need for protecting the environment. At this juncture, I may say, that the NGC award for us is an inspira­tion to continue the sincere efforts of envi­ronment conservation. We vow to tread the long miles of environment protection and set its flag high.

My dear friends, the world does not be­long merely to man. Every creatures start­ing from a small and to the human beings deserve a space in it. Let’s open our minds to love and care about the environment and all its creatures as our own fellow brothers and sis­ters.

Thank you.

Answer 13.
We need to change the system

It is high time that we rectified our system so as to ensure a fearless society, a society where equality is guaranteed to women. In India, we have to implement structural changes and realise that change must hap­pen from within everyone.

Crimes against women are inviting everyone’s attention like never before. As our former President Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam pointed out “when it comes to burning social issues like those related to women, dowry, girl child and others, we make loud drawing room protestations and continue to do the reverse at home”.

Even if we are very much advanced in sci­entific and technological fields, we don’t realise that we should develop morally too.

The concept of morality is related to peace­fulness for everyone. Love and fellow feeling must be inculcated in the minds of the children from their own families. Lessons of equality and social justice must be learned earlier itself. No one can teach these les­sons but children learn what they see. Par­ents should set models at home. If a child sees the love and respect given to a woman at his/her own home, he/she will naturally imbibe such values without any text. Life becomes the text. When we analyse the events happening in our country, we see that crimes against women are often treated with low priority. Do we encourage report­ing of crimes? How many women police are recruited for the help of women? Are they sufficient?

Lack of legal provisions encourages crime.
The authorised must ensure effective crime prevention. All the laws of the country must be standardised to have a maximum of one primary trial and one full appeal on facts and law.

Answer 14.
Against

  1. Our Indian culture treats women as mothers; so they should be respected.
  2. Husbands and wives have equal status because the family will be a meaningful unit born out of love, consideration, respect, etc towards each other.
  3. Men are weaker than women as they try to dominate women.
  4. A man may have more muscle power but we can’t achieve anything with muscle power.

Answer 15.
A seminar on ‘Increasing Environmental Havoc’ was conducted in CMI Public School, Chemmannoo’r, on 18.2.2016 at 2.00 pm at the school auditorium. The seminar began with a prayer by the school choir. The school principal, Sri. Ashok Mehta welcomed the dignitaries and the gathering. Sri.Mathew Stephen, MLA of the that, in schools. Smt. Sugatha Kumari the poetess and environmentalist while inaugurating the seminar commented that our environment could be safeguarded only if ‘ the present generation consider and care for our earth as their dear mother.

Kum. Aruna Bhasin, Staff representative and Mr. Vipin Das, representative of the students felicitated the seminar. Different papers on topics like ‘What is the environment? ‘Causes of environmental degradation,’ ‘Consequence of environmental degradation,’ and ‘Role of students in preserving environment’ were presented by Mr. Shyam Kumar M K, Ms. Ashmy Salim, Ms. Merin James, and Mr. John Koshy respectively. The paper presentation was followed by an interactive session in which many students raised their doubts. The students who presented the papers cleared their doubts by giving convincing answers. School chairman, Master. Jens Janus proposed a vote of thanks. The seminar came to an end at 5.00 pm.

Answer 16.
I was accused of misappropriating the bank’s money, which in turn, hurt the clients of the bank. I was a good boss to Mr. Baldwin, and therefore after the arrest, I begged Mr.Baldwin to say three words during my examination on trial regarding my dealings i.e “I don’t remember”. As a reward, I even offered him one hundred thousand dollars an incredible amount of money to him. His family might have insisted that Robert should consider saying “just those three words”. But he said, he simply couldn’t accept a bribe because he couldn’t bear telling a lie.

He respectfully rejected the offer. Actually, this left me to feel ashamed of myself, and I was forced to confess my crime. I realized what a good man Robert was. I knew that no amount of money would make you do something you thought wrong. Really, I was impressed by his action and decided to spread his name as a decent and dignified man. Robert Baldwin’s honesty and integrity brought him a job in another bank.

Answer 17.
“Now as a nation, we don’t promise equal outcomes, but we were founded on the idea that everybody should have an equal opportunity to succeed. No matter who you are, what you look like, where you come from, you can make it. That’s an essential promise of America. Where you start should not determine where you end up.” says Barack Obama. It is high time we should adopt the same view.

Like liberty, equality is also an important concept of Political Science. Equality is a democratic ideal and in our democratic nation, it is the most important right to be ensured. The history of mankind is the history of equality. Throughout the nook and corner of the world, the march of equality is received with cheers. Whether it is the fight of Dr. Nelson Mandela against rarial discrimination in South Africa or Sue Kyi’s fight against the military regime. Rad-hakrishnan had pointed out long back “Democracy only provides that all men should have equal opportunities for the development of their unequal talents”.

We talk of equality because people are unequal although men are born and always continue to be free and equal in respect of their rights. Equality literally means a levelling process whereby the difference between the rich and the poor, the privileged and the underprivileged can be minimised. It means that no man shall be placed in a society that he can overreach his neighbour to the extent which constitutes a denial of the latter’s citizenship”. It is essential for social justice.

Only if all the citizens are given equal opportunity to study, express their views, access job, and become successful, the society will become successful. If a society has ups and downs, development can be claimed for only a minor section. That doesn’t mean the development of the whole nation.
As no two men are equal, equality is an abstract concept. But it has a magical touch that has inspired timid millions to revolt in the past. Political philosophers and revolu­tionaries have used this concept profusely to win over the hearts of the common man. Thus, democracy as a form of government and a way of life can’ succeed only when there is equality in general and political equality in particular.

Every society that values social justice and is anxious to improve the lot of the common man and cultivate all available talent must ensure progressive equality of opportunity to all sections of the population. This is the only guarantee for the building up of a democratic and human society by which the exploitation of the weak will be minimised.

Answer 18.
Antonio Cruz and Felix Vargas

Answer 19.
The tournament which was previously held at the gymnasium of Boys’ Club was shifted to Tompkins Square Park. In the morning of the fight itself, Tompkins Square was a beehive of activity. As the two climbed into the ring, the crowd exploded with a roar. The entry of Antonio in his white trunk and Felix in his blue trunk created roar among the audience. Both the boys stayed true to their pact with each other and fought their best. A cry of alarm surged through Tomp­kins Square Park as the audience was not sure whether it was a right to the death or a boxing match. The fear soon gave way to wave upon wave of cheering as the two ami­gos embraced right after the tight contest when Antonio Cruz emerged as the winner to represent the boys’ club in golden gloves tournament.

Answer 20.
A cry of alarm surged through Tompkins Square Park as the audience was not sure whether it was a right to the death or a box­ing match.

Plus Two English Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two English Model Question Paper 3

Kerala Plus Two English Model Question Paper 3

Time: 2 1/2 Hour
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

Qns (1-3) Read the given excerpts from the lesson ‘The 3 Ls of Empowerment’ and answer the questions that follow.
‘They are more likely to make decisions based on consensus-building, inclusion, compassion and With a focus on long-term sustainability.’

Question 1.
Who are they referred to here?

Question 2.
What does the expression consensus-building’ mean here?
(i) arriving at a decision.
(ii) collaborative problem solving
(iii) compromise
(iv) consent

Question 3.
Find the word opposite in meaning compassion?
(i) concern
(ii) care
(iii) coldness
(iv) consideration

Question 4.
Complete the following with suitable adverbs. Choose from the box.

Almost Ever Very Seldom
Sometimes Clearly perhaps Certainly

1. I have ………..finished.
2. He is clever ………
3. There is…….something wrong. ,
4. ………..I think I should take a long break.
5 ……… her train is late.
6. He is late for work.
7. She is ………..the right person for the job.
8. Have you…….wanted to run away?

Question 5.
Imagine that you convene a meeting of the residents of the local area to discuss the problem of poor healthcare facilities.’ Prepare the script of a speech which you would deliver on the occasion. Write the speech in about 120 words.
[Hints: lack of healthcare- the threat of epidemics- the suffering of poor people neglect of the authorities…. suggestions]

Question 6.
In the play ‘The Hour of truth ‘ Baldwin refuses to tell a lie in the court to save Gresh­ am who had offered him a hundred thousand dollars. As John, one of the characters in the play, says a hundred thousand dollars is a lot of money. How do you justify Baldwins action?

Qns(7-9).“Yeah, that’s right. Listen, Tony. Don’t you think it’s a good idea if we don’t see each other until the day of the fight? I’m going to stay with my Aunt Lucy in the Bronx.”Tony scratched his nose pensively. “Yeah, it would be better for our heads.” He held out his hand, palm upward. “Deal?” “Deal.” Felix lightly slapped open skin.
“Ready for some more running?”
Tony asked lamely.
“No, bro. Let’s cut it here.

Question 7.
What makes the two friends decide they should maintain a certain gap?

Question 8.
What is the fight that these boys are talking about?

Question 9.
Why does Felix deny Tony’s invitation for further jogging?

Question 10.
Edit the following letter supplying the correct tense form wherever necessary:
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 3
(Qns. 11-13) Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.
“The child ran towards his parents gaily and walked abreast of them for a while; be­ing, however, soon left behind, attracted by the little insects and worms along the footpath that were teeming out from their hiding places to enjoy the sunshine.”

Question 11.
Why did the insects and worms come out of the hiding place?

Question 12.
What is the meaning of ‘abreast’?
(far ahead/side by side/ in front of/opposite)

Question 13.
Pick out the words and expressions that convey the pleasant atmosphere.

Question 14.
The Literary Club of your school decides to enact the play Post Early for Christmas in connection with the school anniversary. Prepare a script for announcing the pro­gramme climax of the play.

Question 15.
Imagine that your school has conducted a seminar on the topic ‘The vicious web of drugs spoils the dreams and life of the young generation as per the following sched­ule, Study the schedule and prepare a report of the seminar to be Submitted to your teacher.
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 3.1

Question 16.
Insert suitable prepositions in the following blanks.
“You must never set up any sort-contrariness or repression.. ..the child’s mind”, declared the parents. “You’ll damage him …. life. It, no doubt, requires a lot ………. discipline …….. our part, but it is worth it”, they declared primly. “We shall be bringing up a healthy citizen”.

Question 17.
“Young people drive as though their vehicle is a battle bank. They seem to harbour a sense of unmatched power which is matched by an abject lack of concern for pe­destrians. With alcohol, all these attributes are magnified manifold”, says Dr.Harish Shetty, Mumbai-based Psychiatrist. Write an editorial for a newspaper expressing your viewpoints on the above-mentioned issue
Question 18.
If you were the reporter of a reputed national daily, how will you report the death of Kalpana Chawla in the newspaper that was published on February 2nd, 2003? Include details including her personal life.

Question 19.
You are selected to introduce the performance of the play to the spectators. Prepare a script for it.

Answers

Answer 1.
Women

Answer 2.
Collaborative problem solving

Answer 3.
Coldness

Answer 4.

  • I have almost finished.
  • He is very clever.
  • There is clearly something wrong.
  • Sometimes I think I should take a long break
  • Perhaps her train is late.
  • He is seldom late for work.
  • She is certainly the right person for the job.
  • Have you ever wanted to run away?

Answer 5.
Respected dignitaries on the dais and my dear brothers and sisters,

I am here before you to open my heart on very important issues related to this area. As in other areas of the district our locality too, is affected by epidemics. This is due to the poor health care facilities. It is high time we thought of taking strong decisions.

Dear friends, I think, lack of health care is the chief cause of the outbreak of diseas­es. You know the saying ‘Health is Wealth’. Therefore everyone should take care of his health. We have already appealed to the au­thorities to take necessary steps. We have to take the necessary preventive measures. The most urgent one being the mosquito con­trol. Our locality is mosquito infested. We ourselves should be very careful in control­ling the pests. We should not throw away the waste. Everyone should try his/her level best to avoid plastic wastes and polluted water.

The wastes should be kept in bins and take the necessary steps to destroy them. We should seek the help of the authorities to do this. Proper sanitation and sewerage arrange­ments should be implemented. We should give maximum effort to make our place clean. Everybody should think it is his duty

Only then we can control it. Awareness prog­rammes also should be conducted for this. To put it briefly health care is the greatest thing in the world.

Thanking you

Answer 6.
Robert Baldwin worked as the secretary in the national bank. He was an honest, diligent and hardworking employee of Mr. John Gresham. He is a man of principles. He has been working in the bank for more than 35 years for trivial enumeration. He has a strong love for his family. A man in this middle age, he has never waved off his virtues ever in his life. He is kind and loyal to others. His personality is deep-rooted in a set of principles. He never wavers or compromises with his mortality. Even when he encounters chance of being a fabulously rich person, he denies it. He works for truth and lives by it.

Answer 7.
The match was coming up and the boys thought it would be better if they didn’t see each other for a while. Both of them wanted to be strangers inside the ring so as to fight well. So they decided to maintain a certain gap.

Answer 8.
The fight is to decide who goes to be the winner and represent the Boys’ Club in the Golden Gloves Championship Tourna­ment.

Answer 9.
They were both restless at the thought that they had to meet in the ring the next day. He said so with the expectation that after the fight, they could get it together again like nothing ever happened.

Answer 10.
Am writing, withdrew, was, received

Answer 11.
The insects and worms came out of the hid­ing place to enjoy the sunshine.

Answer 12.
side by side

Answer 13.
gaily, teeming Out, sunshine, etc.

Answer 14.
Curtain rising!
Post Early for Christmas

The literary club of ABC public school proudly announces the staging of the hu­morous, entertainer and evergreen play ‘Post Early for Christmas’ on 10th Decem­ber 2015, in connection with the annual day celebrations of our school. The play, written by R.H Wood, is directed by our art teach­er Gautam Kumar. The play will be staged by the budding actors and actresses of our school. The play will be staged with all pomp and show at the school auditorium from 2:30 to 3:30 pm.

The play ‘Post Early for Christmas’, takes place inside a small post office in an English village and centers on a parcel that is mis­taken for a time bomb. It is a hilarious com­edy which makes us think of the pettiness of people and how unthinking we are.

Come on friends; get ready to laugh heart­ily at the comedies inside a post office. For entry and tickets please, contact the literary head captain.

Background setting: Sree Chithira curtains
Light and sound: Sangam lights and sounds

Answer 15.
Report of the Seminar on ‘The vicious web of drugs spoils the dreams and life of the young generation’, conducted by the Cul­tural Forum of St. Jerome’s HSS, Thambalam. A seminar on the topic, ‘The vicious web of drugs spoils the dreams and life of the young generation’ were conducted in St. Je­rom’s HSS, Thambalam, under the auspices of the School Cultural Forum, on 17.10.2015 at 2.00 pm at the school auditorium.

The seminar, which started with a solemn prayer by the school choir, was presided over by the School PTA President Sri. Harish Menon. The school principal, Smt. Mumthas Iqbal welcomed the dignitaries and the gathering. PTA President, Sri Harish Menon, while addressing the gathering spoke about the dangerous habit of drug use which is creeping into the young genera­tion.

The Honourable Minister for Cultural Af­fairs, Sri. Bala Subramaniam, who inaugu­rated the seminar, appreciated the school authorities for conducting such a relevant programme in the school. He also mention­ed some of the very dangerous tendencies among our youth and promised to ensure the implementation of sudden and effective measures for checking the tendency. Municipal Councillor, Smt. Smitha Narayan and the Clinical Psychologist Dr. George Varghese also spoke against the practice of drug abuse, while felicitating the seminar.

Very effective and authoritative papers were presented on different topics related to drug abuse such as ‘Reasons for the Tendency’, ‘Consequences of Drug Abuse’, ‘Possible and effective measures to check Substance Abuse’ and ‘Need for giving Awareness among Youth to follow their Dreams’. Stu­dent representatives, Kum. Aruna Arjun, Master Shyam Pothen, Master Nirmal Biju and Kum. Swaliha Akbar’ deserve apprecia­tion and gratitude as they did their job sin­cerely and meticulously.

After a fruitful interactive session, the school chairman, Master Bimal Biswas, pro­posed vote of thanks and the seminar came to an end by 5.00 pm by the recitals of Na­tional Anthem when the whole auditorium stood motionless and silent.

Answer 16.
a. “You must never set up any sort-contra­riness or repression in the child’s mind”, declared the parents. “You’ll damage him for life. It, no doubt, requires a lot of discipline on our part, but it is worth it”, they declared primly. “We shall be bringing up a healthy citizen”.

Answer 17.
“SPEED THRILLS; BUT KILLS”
Ours is a country of young and careless drivers. Many people are getting killed at a fast rate. WHO data names road accidents as the second major reason or fatalities for children of 5-14 age group The report also suggests that road traffic facilities are pre­dicted to rise to the fifth leading cause of death by 2030.

When young people drive, they seem to feel omnipotent. According to Joint Com­missioner of Police (Traffic) Mumbai. V.V. Phansalkar, in 55 to 60 percent of road accidents the people involved are between the age group of 16 and 40 years. The risk tak­ing ability of young people is higher. The fear of death is lower too. “Nowhere in the world the traffic signals are supplemented by a constable”, says Haresh Bajal, Deputy Commissioner of Police Mumbai.

Lack of dedicated road safety department can be considered as one of the serious cri­ses we face in India. We feel that road safety is everyone’s business. Thus it becomes no­body’s business.

The number of vehicles on the road contin­ues to grow. The total registered vehicles in the country grew at a high rate between 2001 and 2011. The riders of two wheel­ers do not wear helmets. Traffic Policemen say that the main reason behind the high number of casualties is the helmetless habit; triple riding comes next. Alcohol and rash driving remain significant too.

The Kerala Crime Records Bureau says 35, 218 accidents were registered in the state in 2011. Rash driving is the reason. Most of the young people were using drugs and narcotics while driving. After taking drugs these youth ride bikes for a thrill and end up in accidents. If the parents monitor their children properly, the number of accidents involving youth will be decreased.

The youth are careless for the results of ac­cidents. This could be due to lack of fear of the law.

India, the world leader in road deaths, needs to get its act together for a plan to be realised for effectively managing traffic system. Oth­erwise we will keep on killing ourselves and others.

Answer 18.
Kalpana Chawla

India’s Pride Passes Away

New Delhi; 2nd February 2003: Kalpana Chawla, the proud daughter of the globe passed away when the Space Shuttle Co­lumbia and her crew perished here yester­day. The tragedy happened during entry, sixteen minutes prior to scheduled landing. She was 42.

After the success of her first space flight in Columbia in 1997, her achievements attract­ed world-wide attention. Through strong determination, intelligence and belief in herself, .she became the first Indian woman to travel to space.

Kalpana was born on July 1st, 1961 at Karnal in Haryana. After obtaining a degree in Aeronautical Engineering, she was offered a job as an ad-hoc Lecturer in the Punjab En­gineering College. She completed her Ph.D. from the University of Colorado.

It was J.P.Harrison who encouraged her to follow her dreams and to fly. She represents not only India and the USA but also the whole world.

Answer 19.
Good Morning Ladies and gentlemen,
It’s my privilege to introduce before you the famous play by the renowned writer of one-act plays Percival Wilde: The Hour of Truth. The Hour of Truth is indeed an in­tense psychological study of the corrupting influence of money on people. The playwright reveals instances of greed from a myriad of different points of view. All individuals are tempted by greed at one point or another in life. This particular story shows how easily people forget their morals and upbringings when money is close by. The story centers on Mr. Baldwin and his family. Mr. Baldwin has to choose between being honest and be­ing dishonest. And the climax that follows has an excellent message. Now, come, watch and enjoy the spectacle. The Hour of Truth by Percival Wilde.

Plus Two English Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two English Model Question Paper 2

Kerala Plus Two English Model Question Paper 2

Time: 2 1/2 Hour
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

(Qns. 1-3) Read the excerpt from the story ‘Amigo Brothers’ and answer the ques­tions that follow.

Question 1.
Who are the champions referred to here?

Question 2.
Arm in arm the champions had already left the ring.”
(a) happiness
(b) friendship
(c) respect
(d) concern

Question 3.
Do you think that it is right on the part of the champions to leave the ring like that? What might have prompted them to do so?

Question 4.
In “Horegallu”, Sudha Murty speaks about a horegallu and its influence on the life of the villagers. Imagine that the Government decides to remove the horegallu as part of widening the road. In the light of this decision, the villagers assemble near the horegallu and speak the following words. Choose the appropriate adjective/adjective clause and fill in the blanks.
Good morning, friends. The authorities are going to take away our horegallu. This horegallu (a)…………………………… (looks good/carrying burden/ which can bear weight) is a part of our day-to-day life. Without it, our life will be as hard as (b)……………………. (trouble /lead/task). Masterji spends the evening with passersby who (c)………(used to listen to our worries/used to help us find a solution / used to share their worries with him.) He says that the horegallu is the most (d)…………. (essential/trivial/ avoidable) part of our village.

Question 5.
A notice prepared by the student leader of the NSS Unit of a school is given below. There are a few mistakes in it. Identify them and write the correct form as shown in the example.
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 2.6

Question 6.
You are Personnel Manager of Green Bio-Products Ltd., Sector 18, Industrial Area, Faridabad. You need an efficient P.A. /stenographer for your office. Write an adver­tisement of the ‘Situation Vacant’ column of a local daily.

Question 7.
Imagine that you are an M B A holder and you want to respond to this advertisement. Prepare the e-mail you would send to the Company.
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 2.1

Question 8.
Imagine that you are a graduate in Civil Engineering and would like to respond to them. following advertisement. Prepare an application letter to be sent there.
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 2.2
Question 9.
Suppose your application is considered positive and you are invited for an inter­ view. What kind of responses would you make for the following interview questions?
(Remember to use formal language and try to be honest in your answers.)

Interviewer: Why do you prefer to teach?
You:……………..
Interviewer: Do you have any teaching experiences?
You:………….
Interviewer: What do you think, is the most serious problem With education in rural areas?
You: ……………
Interviewer: If you were to change something about the current education system, what would that be?
You: ……………
Interviewer: How do you plan to create an impact in the society?
You: ………………

Question 10.
As part of Health Awareness Programme, a survey was conducted by +2 students of a few schools. The following information was obtained the average consumption of Fat, Carbohydrate, Protein, and Alcohol by individuals in Kerala.

Years 1980 1990 2000 2008
Fat 33 gm 41 gm 52gm 55gm
Carbohydrate 35Qgm 400gm 600gm 650gm
Protein 47gm 56gm 56gm 57gm
Alcohol 30% 35% 40% 46%
people people people people

Prepare a report to be presented before the medical board of Kerala. Write in 100 words.

Question 11.
Imagine that your school has won the ‘Nallapadam’ award given by Malayala Manorama for the initiatives taken by students to inculcate values like love, kindness, shar­ing mentality, environmental conservation etc. in the students. After having received the award as a representative of your school, you are expected to deliver an acceptance speech. Draft the speech you would deliver there.

Question 12.
The following is a passage from the text which a student has written down in his notebook. Rewrite the passage correcting the mistakes.
Won rehabilitated heroine addict described his sensory deprivation to me: looking out of the window he said, the sun is shining, the flowers are in bloom. I know these are signs of a good day, but pressing his chest, ‘I don’t feel it in hear’. I have scene addicts habitually press their fingers deep into there alms or legs as if to reassure themselves of three on reality. This craving for reassure themselves of there on reality. This craving for lost sensations explains in part the addicts need to continue to seek drug-in­duced sensations.

Question 13.
“The announcer turned to point to the winner and found himself alone. Arm in arm the champions had already left the ring.” The winner in the boxing competition left without receiving the prize. It is against the rules and regulations of a game. Do you agree to this opinion? Discuss the points for and against the notion.

Question 14.
Meenu has to speak in a debate supporting the motion that, the teaching profession is better than medical professionals.
Write out her speech is not more than 200 words.

Question 15.
Fill in the blank in the following passage choosing the right prepositions given in the box.
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 2.3
When a rickshaw puller approaches Sammaan, we first go……… (a) a verification pro­cess. The operator is then given training……… (b) basics etiquette and traffic rules. Then we approach the banks and help them get a loan………………. (c) a new rickshaw. Previ­ously banks were reluctant to given loans………. (d) this section of the society.

Question 16.
Here is a notice put up on the notice board of a resident’s association requesting people to keep their area clean. There are a few mistakes in it. Correct.
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 2.4

Answers 

Answer 1.
Antonio Cruz and Felix Vargas

Answer 2.
Friendship

Answer 3.
Yes. Values are more important as they prove that friendship is â better prize than the prize they would get.

Answer 4.
(a) which can bear weight
(b) lead
(c) used to share their worries with him
(d) essential

Answer 5.
(a) is visiting
(b) on
(c) Firstly of all/Firstly
(d) the.

Answer 6.
Plus Two English Model Question Papers Paper 2.5

Answer 7.
To Info@scintilladigi.com
Cc satish9000006330@gmail.com
Subject: Application for the post of Marketing Manager

Dear Mr. Satish,
In response to your advertisement in ‘The Times of India’, I would like to apply for the post of Marketing manager in your Film Making Company. I have passed MBA with 92% marks from BITS Pilani, Hyderabad and have got an experience of two years with a leading pharmaceutical company in Goa.
If you need more information, you may contact me through the e-mail or phone number given below.
I am looking forward to hearing from you. Thanking you in anticipation,

Nitish Varma,
87/ E-Ghats Apartments,
‘Hyderabad.
Telephone No: xxxxx99666
NB: Resume and transcript attached.

Answer 8.
Ruth Silverstine,
Rua das Doze Casas,
3477000-123 Port Delna.
January 25, 2015
To
The Branch Manager,
Keith & Harren associates,
MT/ D-16. Essex Road.UK.
Sub: Application for the post of Civil Engineer.
Ref: Advertisement in The UK
Times dated 24th January 2015.

Dear Sir,
I would like to respond to your advertise­ment in the “The U K Times, for the vacan­cy of Civil Engineers to work in the UK.
I am 23 years old, a Portuguese citizen, and I have a degree in Civil Engineering from Oporto University. I believe that I have them. necessary credentials for the position you are offering. I speak English fluently as I studied English for eight years at the school. Besides, I also have the CAE (Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English), grade B. This is the first time I am applying for this kind of job, but I have worked at various lev­els in the construction industry after taking the degree in 2013.

As a person, I am hard-working, punctual, and responsible and I think I am able to communicate effectively with people.

It is my aspiration is to work for a company in the UK.

Thanking you in anticipation,
Yours faithfully,
Sd /-

Answer 9.
Interviewer: Why do you prefer to teach?
Your: I think, I can influence a lot of people by becoming a teacher.
Interviewer: Do you have any teaching ex­periences?
You: Yes I do. I have been working in a Chennai based school for the past three years.
Interviewer: What do you think, is the most serious problem with education in rural areas?
You: For me, the most serious problem with education in rural areas is the lack of ac­cessibility to education.
Interviewer: If you were to change some­thing about the current education system, what would that be?
You: I would love to eradicate the inequality that is found in the education sector. At least in the field of education, the gap between the rich and the poor should be bridged.
Interviewer: How do you plan to create an impact on society?
You: Every society is built on its citizens. I would like to create an impact on the society by contributing good, citizens to the devel­opment of our society.

Answer 10.
A detailed survey was conducted by +2 stu­dents of our school as part of the Health Awareness Programme. The information we got from this survey is shocking. The survey shows the average consumption of fat, Car­bohydrate, Protein, and Alcohol by the in­dividuals of Kerala. The consumption of fat contained food has a tremendous increase from 1990 to 2008. There is an average in­crease of 10 gms. The consumption of carbo­hydrates is also increasing radically. In 1980 it was 380gm whereas in 2008 it has reached up to 650 gm. The consumption of protein ranging from 47gm to 57gm. But when it reaches 2008 it becomes 57gm. In the case of the consumption of Alcohol the rate also. increasing. In 1980,30% of our total popula­tion used alcohol but in 2008 the consump­tion has reached up to 46%. The survey gives us a clear picture of the consumption of nu­trients and alcohol.

Answer 11.
Honourable dignitaries on the dais, respect­ed teachers, and my dear friends, “The fragrance of flowers spreads only in the direction of the wind. But the goodness of a person spreads in all directions.” Govt. HSS, Kallada gave its ears to these words of Chanakya, and the result we are reaping now. Nalla padam, the Lessons of goodness, a farsighted and innovative initiative of Malayala Manorama, paved the way for spread­ing the light of goodness around. Standing here, as a representative of the school, wear­ing the crown of recognition for teaching the society, the lessons of goodness, I feel extremely proud and honoured. We would like to extend our sincere gratitude to the Malayala Manorama officials concerned, and all the generous teachers of our school ‘ who took efforts to teach us the lessons of good and helped us look at others and their needs. Govt. HSS, Kallada, is special for all of its students, for not making us bookworms but good citizens. The lessons of goodness, that it teaches its students as well as the society, are appreciable.

When ‘Snehaveedu’, one of our Nallapadam initiatives, provided shel­ter for three families, it was the expression of the goodwill of thousands of students. Every month the students of our school visit orphanages and old age homes with love, medicines, homemade food and a help­ing hand for our own siblings, parents and grandparents. Kitchen garden, Anti-drug campaign, palliative care and awareness programmes are some among the sincere efforts of our school. ‘Walk to goodness’- the motto of our Nallapadam inspires the people in the locality to do good as well. Govt. HSS, Kallada is successful in teaching children how to conquer the hearts of others through the words of love.

The Nallapadam Best school award has given in our hands more tools to toil for spreading the light of goodness. Today’s society is not devoid of scholars but it cer­tainly lacks humans with humanity. It is this dilemma that Nallapadam and Malayala Manorama tackles. Today, we vow that we will continue to love and care others not only in our schooldays but throughout our life.

Dear friends, it is easy to look at ourselves and be happy but it is difficult to look at others and make them happy. Schools must teach the students to open their minds for the needs of others rather than narrow down to their own lives and betterments. Let such an ideal good society come through Nalla­padam Thank you.

Answer 12.
One rehabilitated heroin addict described his sensory deprivation to me: looking out of the window he said, ‘The sun is shining, the flowers are in bloom. I know these are signs of a good day but; pressing his chest,

‘I don’t feel it in here. I have seen addicts habitually press their fingers deep into their arms or legs as if to reassure themselves of their own reality. This craving for lost sensations explains in part the addicts need to continue to seek drug-induced sensations.

Answer 13.
For:

  • Every game has its own rules and contest­ants are supposed to abide by the rules.
  • Rejecting the prize is equal to questioning the decision.
  • A winner in a competition should accept the prize, or else what is a competition for?
  • Disregarding the law means disrespecting and befooling the audience.

Against:

  • It’s a person choice to accept or reject a re­ward.
  • Receiving the prize isn’t everything. The competition is all about the attitude of people who compete.
  • Prize doesn’t prove anything. One day can be good for one of the contestants, but the other day might prove wrong.
  • Values are more important as they prove that friendship is a better prize than the prize they would get.

Answer 14.
Teaching Profession is better than the Medical Profession (by Meenu in favour of the motion)                      Respected teachers and dear friends, I stand before you to support that teaching profession is better than the medical profession. ‘You can be the candle that spreads its light and you can light up millions of tiny lamp as you pass through as a teacher Teaching has always been and continues to be a noble profession. Commercialisation has touched it but not seeped right through it.

The med­ical profession has been transformed today Doctors take the oath but a lap number seem to transform their conscience into a commercial money-spinning machine. Doctors, shop have mushroomed at every nook and corner in our cities. Teaching involves interactive sharing process which can trans­form the lives and outlook of an individual.

The destiny and character of many leading personalities have been shaped in the class­ values imbibed in the early impressionable years of life. If illiteracy is removed from our country a major problem for us will get solved. Even today an ordinary teacher has basic values and lives a simple life. Doctors, on the other hand, run after the luxuries of life. All in all, it can easily be said that teach­ing profession is better than the medical profession.

Answer 15.
When a rickshaw puller approaches Samman, we first go through a verification process. The operator is then given training on basic eti­quette and traffic rules. Then we approach the banks and help them get a loan for a new rickshaw Previously banks were reluctant to give loans to this section of the society.

Answer 16.
Chikungunya has claimed many lives in different parts of Kerala. Chief causes for the epidemic are uncontrolled dumping of garbage in public places and stagnant water where the mosquitoes breed. A collective ef­fort of all the people can bring the disease under control. I request all the residents to keep their surroundings clean.

Plus Two English Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two English Model Question Paper 1

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two English Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two English Model Question Paper 1 with Answers

 

Board SCERT
Class Plus Two
Subject English
Category Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers

Time: 21/2 Hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

General Instructions to candidates:

  • There is a ‘cool off-time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of 21/2 hours.
  • You are not allowed to write your answers or to discuss anything with others during the cool off time’.
  • Read questions carefully before answering.
  • All questions are compulsory and only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examina­tion Hall.

(Questions 1 – 3) Read the Excerpt from ‘Matchbox’ and answer the questions that follow.

“An indigent widow, without husband or son, she was successful in consigning her daughter to a wealthy family’s house on the strength of looks alone. But the good lady has never stopped taking credit, at the slightest opportunity, for her skill in the matter”

Question 1.
‘Indigent’in the excerpt means ……… (1)
Answer:
Poor or destitute

Question 2.
How could she send her daughter to a wealthy family? (1)
Answer:
She could send her daughter to a wealthy family because of the beauty of her daughter.

Question 3.
Why did it say that she never stopped taking credit? (1)
Answer:
She is a widow and had no sons. Still, she could marry off her daughter to a wealthy family. So she has never stopped taking credit.

Question 4.
Bring out the message of the following lines from the poem ‘Stammer’ by Satchidanandan
“When a whole people stammer becomes their mother tongue;
Just as it is with us now”. (3)
Answer:
The poet considers stammer as a sacrifice to the God of meanings. Unknowingly we make a sacrifice to a language by giving a different utterance to it. If all people stammer, it will become an accepted practice and a common phenomenon in society. It would even develop as the mother tongue of the people.

Question 5.
It has been decided to conduct a debate in your school on the topic ‘Women deserve equality and not reservation?’ Write one point to support the topic and one point to counter it. (2)
Answer:
For – Equality would enable all the talented women to show their skills and flourish in various domains. Against – Equality without any reservation may become a stumbling block to women from entering certain fields as it may limit their opportunities.

Question 6.
Edit the following Notice for errors (4)
Plus Two English Model Question Paper 1, 1
Answer:
Students are requested to register their names for participating in the Mr. and Ms.Kerala competition. Registration forms are available from the cultural Forum Office. The closing date for registration is 20 March 2018. The event will take place ]n the school auditorium, on Friday, 23 March.

Question 7.
An inter school Badminton singles match is being hosted by your school. You have been selected as the announcer. Prepare the announcement script to introduce the match and the players. (3)
Answer:
Good morning dear friends,
Welcome to you all to the very exciting Badminton Singles match final being conducted in our school in connection with our Annual Sports Meet. Binoy and Vincent Roy representing SNHSS and GHSS Mavelikkara are to fight for the Badminton singles title 2018. The official scorer of the game is Mr. Daniel and Mr.Vineeth Mohan will be in the pitch counter. The judges are Mr. Ravi Kumar and Mr. John Varghese. Our two referees will be Mr.Roy and Mr.Mevin Jose. We also have our SPC and NSS teams working as volunteers and as table monitors, cheer up crew and snacks suppliers.

Please don’t stand near the court and don’t block the view of our audience. Be assured that we are going to get a feast for our eyes.

Let’s enjoy the match with its splendour. Wish our sports participants a grand success!

Question 8.
The poem ‘Mending wall’ presents the paradox in ‘Something there is that doesn’t love a wall’ and ‘good fences make good neighbours.’ Both seem to be equally true but contrasting points of view. Substantiate your own view on this. (4)
Answer:
The poet is of the view that man builds walls between their properties for convenience, but nature doesn’t like a wall. He finds no reason for the wall as it blocks the communication between the speaker and the neighbour. He stresses universal brotherhood. But the neighbour is sticking to the tradition. So he says – good fences make good neighbours. It shows that the neighbour likes his privacy and his own space. Actually, the annual act of mending wall provides an opportunity for them to interact or communicate with each other and develop their relationship.

(Questions 9 – 13) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.

The issue of road accidents requires serious attention. Day by day, it is becoming a matter of great concern. Call it the negligence of the government or the rashness of the drivers, the underlying fact is that at the end of the day, the common man is the one who suffers the most. The commoner, driving a two-wheeler or walking along the side, who is hit by a speeding car, even though following the traffic rules, has nowhere to go to seek redressal for the grievances or injury.

Part of the problem lies in the attitude and mentality of the driver behind the steering wheel. The car is a personal vehicle and one possesses the freedom to drive it at one’s own will. But one must understand that the road on which one drives is open to the public. This blurring of the division between the public and the private leads to reckless behaviour on the roots. A little consideration for road rules and the adoption of simple safety measures can go a long way in reducing road accidents.

Question 9.
Suggest a suitable title to the passage. (1)
Answer:
Road safety, Need of the hour

Question 10.
Why does the common man suffer in instances of road accidents? (2)
Answer:
Because of the rashness of drivers and the negligence of the government

Question 11.
Find out the word which means ‘making unclear’, from the passage. (1)
Answer:
Blurring

Question 12.
Give two solutions for reducing road accidents. (2)
Answer:
Lawbreakers should be punished severely and their license can be cancelled.

Traffic rules should be made more strict and traffic squads must be present in the black spots for checking rash driving in such areas.

Question 13.
Prepare notes based on the above passage in the format. (2)
1. Reasons for road accidents
1.1 negligence of the government
1.2 …………

2. The driver should
2.1 understand ……….
2.2 follow road rules
Answer:
1.2 rashness of the drivers
2.1 that road is for the public

Question 14.
The following is a conversation among the postal assistant, the policeman and the farmer in the post office of ‘Post Early for Christmas’, when the parcel was suspected to be a time-bomb.
Assistant : It’s a time-bomb, constable
Police man : Bert Higgins. Have you been up to some more of your mischief?
Farmer : Look here, constable, there’s a time-bomb in that parcel
Policeman : Don’t talk nonsense, sir,
Fanner : Very well, the, listen for yourself.
Later Bert Higgins reported the scene to his friends. This is how he began his report:
The assistant told the constable that it was a time-bomb …………. Complete Bert’s report. (4)
Answer:
The assistant told the constable that it was a time-bomb. The police man then asked me whether I had been up to some more of my mischief. But the farmer told the constable that there was a time-bomb in that parcel. The policeman warned him not to talk nonsense. The farmer replied sarcastically that he should listen for himself.

(Questions 15 – 19) Answer any four questions. Each question carries 5 scores.

Question 15.
A teacher is a mentor and has great role in moulding the personality of a child. Analyse the character of the teacher in the story ‘Crime and Punishment’ by R.K. Narayan.
Answer:
The story is about a teacher-student relationship. The pranks of the boy made the teacher lose his patience. He lost his control and committed the crime of slapping the boy on his cheek. The teacher failed to manage the boy as he desired. When the boy asks him to repair the train, he gets desperate. At last, the teacher decides to reveal the matter to the boy’s parents because he thinks that it is better than blackmailing the boy. But, when the parents enquire about the boy’s studies at the end, the teacher replies that the child would be alright except for the table of 16. He felt confident that the boy would not give him up.

The teacher trusts the boy much. Whatever may be the attitude of the boy, the teacher hopes for the best from him and believes he would change his attitude. A teacher always aims at the success of his students and his trust, care and love for students are idealized in the role played by the teacher in the story.

Question 16.
You are a participant in a Group Discussion on the topic ‘India needs more job creators than job seekers’. What arguments would you raise? Draft the script for your presentation in about 80 words.
Answer:
Good morning, everybody!
India is becoming a very highly developed country. It has freedom, and development and it has strengthened itself in many fields like arts, literature, science and technology, economic and military power too. It is seen that most of our talented youth are working abroad. With the increase in technology and scientific advancements, the demand for skilled workers who can contribute to the industrial sector or manufacturing units are still on the rise.

If the young generation entrepreneurs are coming up, it is sure that manifold job opportunities would be created for the needy ones. The new generation has smart ideas and different perspectives and innovations helpful for the people as well as the nation. India, as an agrarian nation, it can make a revolution if the job seekers turn to be job creators.Then we can turn to be a prime nation for research, production and economic development.

Question 17.
In the essay The Three L’s of Empowerment’, Christine Lagarde suggests various means of empowering women. Write a paragraph on the 3 L’s of empowerment suggested by her.
Answer:
Christine Lagarde recommends 3Ls for the empowerment of women. The 3Ls are learning, labour and leadership. Learning, the key to women empowerment, will enable them to realize their power and break the chains of discrimination. Labour would promote per capita income. She upholds equal pay for equal work and stresses the merit of gender equality.

Leadership will enable women to rise and with their inborn abilities and talents achieve great things. She is optimistic in women’s power of making good decisions with the common agreement and long-term sustainability. She emphasizes that women should be ready to face challenges and it will make all the difference. According to her, the 3Ls would lead to the empowerment of nations by empowering their women.

Question 18.
You are fascinated by the innovative ventures undertaken by Irfan Alam, and decide to invite him to your school for a career orientation talk. Write an email to him inviting him to talk to the students and teachers of your school.
Answer:
From
The Principal
Crescent Public School
Mala, Pin: 680 310

To
Irfan Alam
Sammaa N Foundation
Kalina, Mumbai
Pin : 580 010 18.08.2018

Dear sir,
Sub: Invitation to deliver a lecture

We are really proud of your venture SammaaN Foundation as it has uplifted the lives of many people especially rickshaw pullers.

It gives us immense pleasure to learn that the innovative ventures undertaken by you are helping the rickshaw pullers as it would benefit them as well as the society. It is sure, if the present generation gains more knowledge on latent opportunities and develops entrepreneurship skills accordingly, it can uplift our society. We strongly believe that by being experienced in this Venture, you are the apt person to inspire the new generation, to make them you aspire for greater things.

Hence sir, we invite you to our institution. We, the student and the teaching community, would be privileged if you spare some time to come for motivating the budding entrepreneurs with a career orientation talk. We will arrange a session at our school according to your convenience.
Thanking you,

Yours Sincerely,
Nithin Babu

Question 19.
In ‘Horegallu’, Sudha Murthy shows how a burden of troubles can be relieved by talking to a good listener. Comment on the suitability of the title ‘Horegallu’
Answer:
Horegallu means a stone that can hold weight. Sudha Murthy says that the burden of troubles can be relieved by talking to a good listener. As it is said in the anecdote, it refreshes the tired man. It helps him to regain his strength. When our problems are shared, it gives mental relief even though it won’t get us any solution. Similarly, when one takes rest during a journey, it revives and refreshes him. Thus it gives physical relief. So it can be said that horegallu is a relief in all ways and the title is suitable.

(Questions 20 – 22) Answer any two questions. Each question carries 6 scores.

Question 20.
Drug addiction is a problem that is increasing steadily in our society today. Prepare a write up in about 200 words on the physical consequences and the social impact of Drug Abuse.
Answer:

DRUG ABUSE

Many people abuse drugs for some temporary pleasure without realizing how dangerous drug abuse can be. Drug abuse has both mental and physical impacts. The drug addict experiences sensory deprivation. He ba$ a general feeling of physical discomfort and there are personality changes in him. the addict feels depressed. He fails to respond to his environment or to other people. His mental disturbance can be like paranoia.

The addict knows he has a problem but he does not know what the cause for it is. He looks at external objects with suspicion. Anything outside scares him and draws further and further into himself. There are also drug related physical disorders. Dry needles and solutions used for injecting drugs can cause abscesses in the arms and veins. They can cause liver disease, venereal diseases and infection of the kidney and brain. Sniffing cocaine and amphetamines can damage the tissue of the nose.

Marijuana and tobacco smoking can cause lung diseases. Babies of women who are addicted to opiates are likely to be born addicted and suffer from withdrawal symptoms. Cocaine and amphetamines cause hair fall. Marijuana can damage cells. A drug addict can easily get pneumonia, tuberculosis, malnutrition and weight loss. An overdose of any sensual drug can cause respiratory or cardiac failure and death.

Question 21.
An anti-corruption campaign is being conducted in your school. You are asked to deliver a speech. Draft a speech on the topic “Corruption: the curse that ruins society.”
Answer:

CORRUPTION THAT RUINS THE SOCIETY

Respected Principal, my dear teachers, and friends, The word corruption comes from the Latin word ‘corruptus’ which has something to do with abuse or destroy. It now means dishonest or illegal behaviour. In philosophical, theological or moral discussions, corruption is spiritual or moral impurity or deviation from an ideal. We often use this word in matters related to economy. Corruption is payment for services which a person has to get free in the normal course of law. This may be called bribery or kickback.

But it is known by different names in different countries. Small bribes are called ‘baksheesh’ in the Middle East, ‘For petrol’ in some African countries, ‘for tea’ in India. Small scale corruption is worse in developing countries than in developed countries. In the government office we often have to pay bribes even to get small things done. Go to the local government office for a birth certificate, death certificate, income certificate or something of that kind.

You won’t easily get them unless you are ready to pay the official who issues the certificate. In Kerala corruption is worst, people say, in the Registration offices and Transport offices. To get a property registered, to get a driving license, etc., you end up bribing the officials responsible for doing that work, If you don’t bribe them they will make you go to the office a number of times and you will end up spending more money on transport and other things if you are coming from a distant place.

Corruption is a universal phenomenon. I have heard people saying that in the Scandinavian countries like Sweden, Norway and Denmark and in some European countries like Switzerland there is less corruption. At one time China was reputed to be with less corruption but things have changed there now. Kerala, which is reputed to be God’s own country, is a den of corrupt officials who will ask for a bribe for everything. If you don’t wear a helmet while riding your bike or a seat belt while driving, you can always hope to get away by giving the officer a small bribe. Recently the nation was shocked by stories of huge corruption.

The 2-G spectrum scam, the Adarsh flat scam, the coal-field scam, etc., involve millions of rupees and big politicians and bureaucrats. People are corrupt because of their insatiable greed. Some people say you can make government officials free from corruption by giving them adequate salaries and other benefits. But the question is how much is ‘adequate’?

I am not a pessimist by nature. But somehow I feel that corruption will stay with man because of his nature to acquire more and more and it can’t be eradicated completely. Anna Hazare and Baba Ramdev are trying to free India from corruption. I think theirs is a fond dream.

Question 22.
The following is an advertisement that came in a leading newspaper. You are qualified to apply for the same. Prepare a job application letter and a resume to apply for the post.
Plus Two English Model Question Paper 1, 2
Answer:
Name
Address

To
The Director
Ethihad Airways
Abudhabi
Date:

Sir,
In response to your advertisement in The Hindu dated 10/03/2018, I would like to apply for the post of Onboard Food and Beverage Manager in your firm. As far as my qualification, I have passed Bachelor’s Degree in Hotel Management from MG University. I have 3 years of experience in the same field. I enclose my CV and relevant certificates for your further consideration.

Sir, I assure you, if selected, I will do my best to your entire satisfaction.

Yours sincerely,
Name

Plus Two English Model Question Paper 1, 3

(Questions 23 – 25) Answer any two questions. Each question carries 8 Scores.

Question 23.
An Essay Writing Competition is being conducted in your school in connection with the Environment Day celebrations. Write an essay on the environmental crisis, suggesting possible measures to overcome it.
Answer:
In recent times many environmental problems have increased as a result of human activities which induce many undesirable effects on the environment which can be threatening to human health, economic and natural resources.

Earth is home to million of species. The global human ecosystem is getting affected by various factors like climate change, pollution, land contamination, ozone depletion, soil erosion, degradation, habitat loss etc. If the earth is to remain a supportive habitat for humans and other species, then there should be an immediate solution to this. Hence there should be an awareness of the need for conserving natural resources and resultant loss due to its exploitation. Overpopulation is putting greater pressure on essential natural resources leading to a struggle for existence.

As a remedy to this global illness, certain measures can be adopted to reduce its intensity. For example, fossil fuels can be replaced with renewable energy. Overgrazing, monoculture planting, overexposure to pollutants, and other such factors aggravate soil damage. Crop rotation would be a savior here.

Initiatives from the School level would propagate this mission easily. Distributing seeds and saplings for Kitchen garden, bio-gas plants, herbal garden, seed bank, maintaining vermin-composing pits and constructing water harvesting structure, etc., would enable us to preserve natural resources for our posterity. Moreover, environment-friendly technology should be adopted. Renewable energy resources would enhance ecological balance and industrial growth also.

Question 24.
You are deputed to cover the boxing match between Antonio Cruz and Felix Vargas for a local newspaper. Prepare a news report giving emphasis to the climax of the contest.
Answer:
Golden Gloves Championship Tournament Selection Square Park, 7 Aug: Feliz Vargas and Antonio Cruz, the well-known boxing champions fought each other in the Golden Gloves Championship Tournament Selection match to find out who will represent their town.

The fight was at Tompkins Square Park. The square was filled with people. Both the contestants appeared on the stage and the crowd cheered them up. They bowed gracefully and raised their arms. The match started. During the rounds, both took some heavy blows and sustained damage. At the end of the final round, the boys fought so intensely that they did not hear the bell. The crowd was uneasy, fearing further violence.

However, when the referee was about to announce the winner, they had already left the ring and their friendship restored. The game showed that they care more about their friendship than they care about winning the match. It was really a match with good sporting spirit and a display of true friendship as well.

Question 25.
Read the following poem and prepare an appreciation of it, comparing it with ‘Any woman’ by Katherine Tynan.

Mother O’ Mine
– Rudyard Kipling-

If I were hanged on the highest hill,
Mother O’ mine, O mother O’ mine!
I know whose love would follow me still,
Mother O’mine, O mother O’mine.

If I were drowned in the deepest sea,
Mother O’mine, O mother O’mine
I know whose tears would come down to me,
Mother O’ mine, O mother O’ mine!

If I were damned of body and soul,
I know whose prayers would make me whole,
Mother O’ mine, O mother O’ mine!
Answer:
“Mother O’ Mine” by Rudyard Kipling speaks of the exceptional love of a mother. If the poet is hanged on the highest hill, his mother would follow him to that height. If he was drowned in the deepest sea, his mother’s tears would go down to him. If his body and soul were damned, it would be the prayers of the mother that would save him.

No one in the world is comparable to a mother and her love for her child. | “Any Woman” by Katherine Tynan shows the importance of the mother. She is the pillar of the house. She is the keystone of the arch, if you take her away, the roof and the wall will fall down. She is the fire upon the hearth, She is the light of the sun. She is the heat that warms the sun. The children get their warmth from her.

She is the light if their love. Without her, the children would not thrive. She holds the children together. She is the wall that protects the children from all kinds of dangers. She constantly prays to God to keep her alive until her children are grown up.

Both poems celebrate the importance of mothers. There are apt personifications in both poems. There is also hyperbole in both of them. There is also repetition in ^eth. Both are short and sweet. Between the two, I prefer Mother O’ Mine by Kipling.

Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2017

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two English Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2017 with Answers

Board SCERT
Class Plus Two
Subject English
Sample Paper Set 2017
Category Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers

Time: 2 1/2 Hour
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

General Instructions to candidates:

  • There is ‘cool off-time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of  21/2 hours.
  • You are not allowed to write your answers or to discuss anything with others during the cool off time’.
  • Read questions carefully before answering.
  • All questions are compulsory and only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examina­tion Hall.

Questions 1 – 3: Read the passage and answer the questions given below:

“I knew then that this could be my country, and that whatever I did here could make more of a difference than in the manicured reality of my university life in the states.”

Question 1.
Who is the narrator? (1)
Answer:
Shaheen Mistri

Question 2.
What does the author mean by the word “manicured”? (1)
a) Scholastic
b) Polished
c) Commonplace
d) Exciting
Answer:
b) Polished

Question 3.
Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions :
The teacher was obliged ………… begin the story ………… a bison and a tiger, and then he passed on ………… “Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves” and “Aladdin’s Lamp”. The boy listened, rapt and ordered “I want to hear the story of the bison again. It is good …………”. The teacher was short ………… breath. (4)
Answer:
to, about, to, of

Question 4.
Edit the following letter of recommendation correcting the mistakes, if any. (4)

Dear Sir,
The purpose of this letter was to provide a character reference to Mr. Ram whom I have known as a colleague and a friend for a period of five years. I believe I were in a position to provide you with a pretty accurate assessment of his character.

As an employee, he has been very hard working and highly committed to his job. He has also been very outgoing and always willing to help others. I would conclude saying that Mr. Ram is a fine, well-balanced person with abundant of positive qualities.

Yours Sincerely,
Sankar

Answer:

Incorrect Correct
was is
were am
has had
conclude saying with an abundant conclude saying with an abundance

(Questions 5 – 6): Read the passage and answer the questions:

“It is time to create a world where all women can meet their potential without impediment or prejudice and the world will reap the benefits. The three Ls will help us get there.”

Question 5.
What are the three Ls referred to? (1)
Answer:
Learning, Labour, and Leadership

Question 6.
What does ‘impediment’ mean? (1)
Answer:
Obstacle

Question 7.
The Amigo brothers left the ring arm in arm, without waiting for the verdict. Prepare the script for an announcement to be made soon after their exit. (3)
Answer:
Antonio Cruz and Felix Vargas fought valiantly. And the winner is ……. Oh My God! Where are they? Look at that! They are going arm in arm as if they never fought. A moment ago they were fighting like mad bulls. And now? Look at them! They are going like intimate friends! What do you call it? Yes, friendship!
Who is the winner? Both are winners!

Question 8.
“Some tortures are physical and some are mental But the one that is both is dental”.
Why does the poet find it hard to keep calm while sitting before a dentist? (4)
Answer:
The poet finds it hard to keep calm while sitting before the dentist because he knows he is going to have some torture and he will have to suffer some agony. Some tortures are physical and some are mental. But here he is going to have both – physical and mental torture. Sitting on a dentist’s chair with one’s jaws on the chest and the mouth wide open is a situation that does not allow a person to be in confidence or self-control. Naturally, he can’t keep calm thinking of the impending torture that is going to be inflicted on him.

Question 9.
“We are called to assist the Earth to heal her wounds and in the process heal our own indeed, to embrace the world of creation in all its diversity, beauty and wonder.” Prepare a blog entry based on your understanding of Wangari Maathai’s speech. (4)
Answer:
Emerson once said, “Nature never hurries, atom by atom, little by little, she achieves her work.” He is very right when we think how the trees grow taking their time to reach their full status as trees. Before a tree becomes a full-fledged tree it passes through many stages – seed, seedling, sapling and then a tree. Some trees take years to become real trees. But look at man! How cruelly he cuts them down in just a few minutes to use it as fuel, for furniture work, construction works and even to make paper. Sometimes man destroys entire forests to convert into farmlands or to make factories and residential areas. Large scale deforestation brings about climatic changes.

Trees absorb the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and supply us oxygen. They prevent the soil from eroding. They help in blocking the clouds and bring rain. They supply us a lot of forest products like honey, wax and different kind of herbs and roots. Nowadays forests are converted into National Parks attracting tourists from all over the world. That way also, trees bring us money. Thus forests help us in so many ways and so destroying them will be suicidal.

We all should emulate Wangari Maathai, the Kenyan lady and the Nobel Prize Winner, who led a crusade against deforestation. She rightly said: We are called to assist the Earth to heal her wounds and in the process heal our own.” She wanted a world of creation, in all its diversity, beauty and wonder. She wanted each person to plant some trees as his duty to help himself and also posterity. John Keats, the famous English Romantic poet said, “A thing of beauty is a joy forever.” I believe a tree is a thing beauty and we should do our best to preserve our trees and plant new ones.

Question 10.
Fill in the blanks choosing the correct expressions from those given in brackets:
After Marshall left Baldwin took out his diary and wrote as follows:
God! What a turn of events! I never thought that my own wife and children would persuade me to do a dishonourable thing. I was almost …………. (pushing/pushed) into accepting the bribe. Thank God, Marshall …………. (coming/came) at the right time. His …………. (offering/offered) the position came as a pleasant surprise, though. I …………. (feels/feel) pity for poor Gresham. May God bless him. (4)
Answer:
pushed, came, offering, feel

Question 11.
While reading about Irfan Alam’s Sammaan rickshaws, you are reminded of ‘She taxi’ introduced in Kerala. Write an e-mail to Irfan Alam informing him about this project for the social and economic empowerment of women.
(‘She taxi’ – technology-enabled safety cab services – operated by women – to carry women commuters – first of its kind in India – 24 x 7 – with emergency response systems and control room – ensures the safety of women travellers – empowers the women – makes them financially independent) (5)
Answer:
irfanalam@hotmail.com
Sub: Empowering Women – ‘She Taxi’ Kerala’s Experiment

Dear Irfan, I read about the Samman Foundation and how it has been helpful in empowering the poor rickshaw pullers to have a comfortable life. I want to congratulate you on your initiative in starting this Foundation and its continued support of its members. I thought about your foundation when I saw the ‘She Taxi’ that is recently introduced in Kerala. In our State we have a very large number of women workers who commute to work. Because of the IT companies, hospitals and newspaper offices and such other place which continue working in the night, women are required to travel at night also. There were cases of molestations and rapes. And this has led to the concept of ‘She Taxi’.

She-Taxi is a technology-enabled safety cab service operated by women. They carry women passengers, mainly commuters. This is the first of its kind in India. Their services are available 24 × 7. There is provision for emergency response systems and access to the police control rooms. The main idea behind ‘She-taxi’ is ensuring the safety of female travellers. It empowers the women who drive these taxis and those who manage them by making them financially independent. The She-taxi venture has been receiving good support from the public.

Question 12.
The teacher in “Crime and Punishment’ is a pathetic figure at the mercy of his student who blackmails him. Don’t you think that he should change his approach to the child for making him disciplined? Write four sentences giving your suggestions to the teacher. (4)
Answer:

  1. The teacher should change his attitude toward his job. Here he seems to work only to get his extra 30 rupees a month.
  2. He should use more positive methods to make the child listen to him.
  3. Make the lesson inter¬esting for the boy so that the boy is properly motivated.
  4. Teachers should never resort to corporal punishment. Slapping a small boy hard on the cheek, leaving a scar there is not at all good for a teacher.

Question 13.
The incident that occurs in the play “Post Early for Christmas” shows the lack of security measures in the post office as well as the ignorance of the postal and the police personnel about handling an issue. Prepare a news report of the incident highlighting the corrective measures to be taken. (1)
Answer:
London: 20 December 2016. There was a time bomb scare at the Milton Square Post Office in London in the rush hours of the morning. From my talks with the Post office Assistant and some onlookers this is what transpired at the post office. A foreign tourist arrived with well-wrapped parcel and he said it contained something precious and he was sending it to his friend as a special Christmas present.

Some questions he asked about the safety of the parcel and about the time it would reach the central post Office for clearing created some doubts in the minds of the Postal Assistant.

The parcel was booked and the tourist left forgetting his gloves on the counter. Soon the Assistant noticed that there was a ticking sound coming from the parcel. She mentioned it and immediately a farmer who was present there said it must be a time bomb. He had read an alert in the Newspaper which was issued by the Scotland Yard asking people to be on their alert for ominous looking parcels.

He was certain that his parcel contained a time bomb. People got scared and they ran for cover. The farmer asked for a bucket of water. In the meantime a police man was brought. Soon the tourist returned to take his gloves back. There was an argument between the policeman and the tourist. The policeman then threw the parcel into the bucket of water. The tourist was angry with everyone there for spoiling his precious Swiss Watch he had bought for his friend.

It is obvious that the both the Postal Assistant and the policeman made mistakes. The post office should not have accepted any suspicious looking parcel. The contents of the packet should be verified before accepting it. This can be done in two ways. The packet should be transparent. Or the content should be packed before the person accepting the parcel. The policeman should not have rushed to the conclusion that it was a time bomb. Would the foreign tourist return to the place if it was a time bomb? Simple logic should have told the policeman it is not a time bomb.

Question 14.
After reading “Mending Wall” and in the wake of newspaper reports about millions of refugees who are denied entry into the developed nations you feel that there should be one world for all without any walls or boundaries. Prepare a script for presentation as the first speaker in a panel discussion on “One World Without Walls”. (5)
Answer:

One World without Walls

Dear friends,
I’m happy to open this panel discussion on the topic “One World without Walls”. You are hearing reports that refugees are refused entry into many countries. Where will they go? They flee their motherland because of the suicidal wars going on there in the name of religion, tribe, race, language, region or some kind of ‘isms’. In their own land they will be killed. So what is their choice except to run away and seek shelter in another country? But the country to which they intend to go blocks them and says, “Don’t come here!”

In Mending the Wall, Robert Frost says that we make walls to keep some things in and some things out. We want to keep those things and people we like inside the wall. We want the things and people we don’t like to be outside the wall. Building wall is against the natural process and it brings calamity. We all heard about the Berlin Wall which divided East and West Germany. Where is the Wall now? Gone! Gone into history.

Look at our own country. Before our independence we had one unified India. Then there was partition, dividing India into India and Pakistan. So many people were killed in India and Pakistan and so much suffering came to people. Families, kith and kin were separated into two countries. Then what happened? In 1971 there was the Indo-Pakistani War leading to the creation of Bangladesh. Pakistan was divided into two – Pakistan and Bangladesh. So, one person who was an Indian in 1947, became a Pakistani after the Partition and then a Bangladeshi after 1971. The same person becoming three different citizens at three different stages of his life! Isn’t it ridiculous!

Science and technology have made the world a big village. So why don’t we think of a world without walls? Things happening in one county affect the others also. What we need is a peaceful, joyful world where we all can live like brothers and sisters enjoying all the good things of life. A dream? I’m not sure!

Question 15.
What are the personality changes manifested due to the sensory deprivation induced by drug addiction, according to Dr. Hardin B. Jones? (4)
Answer:
Dr. Hardin B. Jones shows that there are many per¬sonality changes manifested due to the sensory deprivation induced by drug addiction. Sensual drugs and alcoholic drinks play havoc with the body and mind of their users. The drug and alcoholic addicts experience sensory deprivation. They feel physical discomfort and there are personality changes in them. They often feel depressed. They fail to respond either to their environment or to other people. Their mental disturbances can be like paranoia.

The addicts know they have a problem, but they can’t solve it. Drugs and alcoholic drinks cause hair fall and the addicts can easily catch diseases like pneumonia tuberculosis, malnutrition and weight loss. Overdoses of drugs and alcohol can cause respiratory and cardiac failure and result even in death. It is easy to start any bad habit but it will be difficult to stop it. So say no to drugs and alcoholic drinks.

Question 16.
Read the following advertisement and prepare a letter of application and a resume in response to it.
Vidyajyothi High School, Pathanamthitta
We are a dynamic and progressive educational institution with a strong and firm focus on quality and innovative practices in education.
We are on the lookout for High School Teachers
Subject: Maths
Candidates must have

  • Bachelor’s / Master’s Degree in Maths with first class
  • A minimum of two years of teaching experience
  • Excellent communication skills

Interested candidates may send their resume with recent photograph to careers@vidyajoyothi.co.in
Last Date of Submission : 31.01.2016 (6)
Answer:
Letter of application and resume
careers@vidyajyoti.co.in
Sub: Application for the post of a Maths Teacher

I saw your advertisement, l am interested in applying for the post as I thought my qualification and experience would suit your requirements.

I am enclosing my detailed resume for your perusal.

I will be available for an interview from now till the end of this month. You may decide the time and place. I will present all the original documents at the time of the interview.

Hoping to get the interview letter soon,

Yours faithfully,
Hamza Mohammed

RESUME OF HAMZA MOHAMMED
Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2017, 1
Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2017, 2

Question 17.
Wangari Maathai’s Nobel Price Acceptance speech reveals how environmental degradation is carried out on a large scale basis. Prepare an essay on the factors that lead to a destruction of our environment.
(OR)
“The challenge is to restore the home of the tadpoles . and give back to our children a world of beauty and wonder”. Wangari Maathai calls upon the youth to save the earth from destruction. Write an essay exploring the positive steps that we can take to save the planet from environmental degradation (8)
Answer:
Factors that Lead to the Destruction of our Environment:
With the growth of the world population, there is an increasing need for space. Land is needed for agricultural, industrial and most importantly urban needs to contain cities. People find an easy solution in “Deforestation”. Deforestation is the basic cause of the destruction of our environment. Deforestation means the felling of trees and clearing of forest to make that land available for residential, commercial or industrial purposes.

Deforestation can also be seen as removal of forests leading to several imbalances ecologically and environmentally. What make deforestation alarming are the immediate and long term effects it is bound to cause. Some predictions state that the rainforests of the world will be destroyed completely if deforestation continues at its current pace.

Destruction of the environment occurs due to several reasons. They include agricultural activities, logging, urbanization, desertification of land and soil erosion, mining and forest fires. As can be seen, most of them are caused by man whereas a couple of them – like desertification and forest fires – could be natural causes. But even those are aided by man through defective use of land and carelessness.

The effects of the destruction of our Environment can be are calamitous. It brings climate imbalance. It increases global warming. It causes soil erosion. It causes floods in some areas and droughts in some other areas. There is the danger of wild life extinction. Unless we become sensible and conserve our forests we are willingly causing our doom. If we destroy nature, nature has a way of destroying us. Nature has patience but it can run out at anytime and once it runs out only God can save us! Remember that we have only one habitat – the earth. By destroying our environment we are destroying our home, our habitat. Each one of us has to do our bit in protecting our home.

(OR)

Steps We Can Take To Save The Planet:
As Wangari Maathai said, “The challenge is to restore the horned of tadpoles and give back to our children a world of beauty and wonder.” It is a big challenge. Today the environment is destroyed in a mindless manner. There is air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. There is deforestation. And all these culminate in serious damages to the ecosystem and the environment.

Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, “Nature never hurries, atom by atom, little by little, she achieves her work,” He is very right when we think how the trees grow taking their time to reach their full status as trees. Before a tree becomes a full-fledged tree it passes through many stages – seed, seedling, sapling and then tree. Some trees take years to become real trees. But look at man! How cruelly he cuts them down in just a few minutes to use it as fuel, for furniture work, construction works and even to make paper. Sometime man destroys entire forests to convert into farmlands or to make factories and residential areas. Large scale deforestation brings about climatic changes. Even in Kerala there are climatic changes because of the large scale destruction of forests.

Trees absorb the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and supply us oxygen. They prevent the soil from eroding. They help in blocking the clouds and bring rain: They supply us a lot of forest products like honey, wax and different kind of herbs and roots. Nowadays forests are converted into National Parks attracting tourists from all over the world. That way also, trees bring us money. Thus forests help us in so many ways and so destroying them will be suicidal.

Wangari Maathai wanted each person to plant some trees as his duty to help himself and also posterity. In India we had the Chipko Movement. When the contractors came to cut down the trees, the women from the locality rushed to the forest and stood near the trees embracing them. Chipko in Hindi means embrace. The men who came to cut down the trees had to go back because of the people em¬bracing the trees. We can help the preservation of our environment by planting trees.

We can also help by having kitchen gardens and herbal groves in our yards and compounds. In the kitchen garden we should ensure that we grow only organic vegetables. No artificial fertilizers and no pesticides.

We can help by keeping our watersheds safe and clean. Avoid the use of plastic bags and bottles. Plastic bags do a lot of harm to the environment. We can also make use of the public transport systems instead of riding our own cars and bikes. We also can try to prevent people from throwing waste here and there and from letting the factory effluents and sewage water running into lakes and streams. Many drops make a mighty ocean. Let us do our bit and see how we can help in preserving the environment.

Question 18.
The literacy club of your school is celebrating the International Women’s Day. Prepare the script for a speech on “Educating the girl child” to be delivered on the occasion.
(OR)
“ …….. They need to change the mindest and reset the narrative in their favour. So it is essential that women be ready to “dare the difference” – to take risks and step outside their comfort zones.” Based on your reading of Christine Lagarde’s speech, prepare an essay on how women can realise their true potential. (8)
Answer:
Educating a girl child:
Respected Principal, dear teachers and friends,

There is a beautiful adage among Africans which says, “If you educate a boy, you educate an individual. But if you educate a girl, you educate a whole village.” They are also fond of saying: “What a man can do, a woman can do better.” I think both these adages carry a lot meaning especially these days when we are keen on talking about women empowerment.

Empowering women is an urgent need of the day, especially in our society. In the Indian society, women do not have equality with men in many areas. Although the Constitution of India ensures equality of women in all aspects of life, in practice that equality remains on paper. In the social, economic and cultural status, women are considered inferior to men. Even now there is the dowry system. When a man marries he not only gets a wife, but he also gets a lot of money or ornaments. Many women don’t get married because they have no money to pay huge dowries to men. Culturally a woman is discriminated against. She is refused entry in many places, even in places of worship just because she is a woman. There is also economic discrimination.

If a man gets Rs. 800 as his daily wages, a woman is paid only Rs. 400, although she may do more work than a man. Look at the Ministries in the Centre and the States. How many women ministers are there? Look at the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies. How many women representatives are there? We find in India equality of women is only on paper. Therefore empowerment of women is very essential.

For empowering women there are 3 Ls – Learning, Labour and Leadership.

Modern women think they are equal to men and they have a role to play even outside their homes. In the modern world, women are educated and they also want to work and earn money. They don’t want to depend on the goodwill of their husbands to get certain things they want.

Modern women also want their share in politics and leadership positions. They are no more satisfied to be led by men. They think they too have the capacity for leadership. Women like Golda Meir (Israel), Mrs. Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka), Margaret Thatcher (England) and Indira Gandhi of India have shown that women can be even better leaders than men. Today we have Theresa May as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Angela Merkel as the President of Germany. It was only because of some bad luck Hillary Clinton lost to Donald Trump in the USA. Otherwise, we would have a woman at the helm of affairs in the richest and most powerful nation in the world.

(OR)

Changing the Mindset of Women:
If women are to get empowered and get equality with men in various walks of life, first of all they have to change their mindset. It is essential that women be ready to dare the difference. The problem with women is that most of them are satisfied with the status quo. They are happy to be ‘housewives’ and they willingly change their names to be Mrs. some-body after their marriage! It is this mindset that needs to change. Women should feel that they have their individualities, their personalities and their existence. They are not mere appendage to men.

Many women of today have multiple needs. Gone are the days when they would be happy at home doing the household chores and looking after the children. Today they need good education. They want to get knowledge and thereby increase their wisdom. They want to know what is happening around the world and they want to read great books about which they have been hearing so many things from others.

Today’s women also want equality with men in job opportunities. If we look at the various professions, we find that most of the employees are men. The people on top also will be men. It is rare to find women executives at the top. Except in professions like teaching and nursing women are not given opportunities like men. Women resent it and they believe that what a man can do a woman can do better.

Today’ women want to be leaders also. Women are often kept out of leadership positions and this is more so in African countries. There they believe that women are incapable of good leadership. But today’s women want to change that attitude. In their opinion, women tend to make decisions based on consensus building, inclusion, compassion and sustainability.

They should be ready to take risk and step outside their comfort zones. The life outside the four walls of home is not all that smooth and comfy. Challenges will be there. Risks will be there. Obstacles will there. But then they have to overcome and show the world they are equal to the task. For that they need the 3 Ls of Empowerment – Learning, Labour and Leadership.

Question 19.
Read the following poem and compare it with “Any Woman” by Katharine Tynan. (8)

The Sad Mother

Sleep, sleep, my beloved,
without worry, without fear
although my soul does not sleep,
although I do not rest.

Sleep, sleep and in the night
may your whispers be softer
than a leaf of grass,
or the silken fleece of lambs.

May my flesh slumber in you,
my worry, my trembling,
In you, may my eyes close
and my heart sleep.

– Gabriela Mistral

Answer:
In “Sad Mother” Gabriela Mistral, speaks about the thoughts of a sad mother. She wants her child to sleep without any worry and fear. But she can’t sleep although she is very tired as she was working without rest the whole day. She wants her child to sleep peacefully lulled by sounds softer than a blade of grass or the silken fleece of lambs. She finds her rest in the child. All her worries and fears are forgotten when she sees her child slumbering sweetly. All her dreams and joy are concentrated on her child.

It is beautiful poem with a fine imagery. We can see a mother sitting near her sleeping child watching over it. She does not sleep, but she is contented to see her child is sleeping well. The poem has good rhythm but no rhyme. The language is simple. There is a fine comparison of sounds to a blade of grass and the silken fleece of a lamb. There is repetition the world sleep, making the reader also feel sleepy as he reads the poem.

The poem ‘Any Woman’ by Katharine Tynan speaks of the importance of the woman in the family. She is the pillars of the house. She is the keystone of the arch. She is the roof and walls. She is the fire upon the hearth. The children come to her for love and affection. She holds the family together. She is everywhere in the house – from floor to roof. She protects the children from all dangers. At the end, the woman prays to Jesus to spare her life till the children are grown up.

The language of the poem is very simple. The entire poem is an exquisite metaphor. The imagery is great. The woman doing all kinds of jobs and standing guard at the same time make us admire her capabilities. Her love is superb. There is utter unselfishness in her activities. At last we also see the birth of Jesus in the manger. We see the woman standing before Jesus praying to him to let her live till her children grow up. Katharine has painted a fine picture of a devoted mother with words. The poem in rhyme. Except in the first stanza the rhyming scheme is abab.

Between the two poems I prefer “Any Woman” because it has deeper meaning and better artistic merit.

Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2018

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two English Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2018 with Answers

Board SCERT
Class Plus Two
Subject English
Category Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers

Time: 2 1/2 Hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 80 Score

General Instructions to candidates:

  • There is a ‘cool off-time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of 21/2 hours.
  • You are not allowed to write your answers or to discuss anything with others during the cool off time’.
  • Read questions carefully before answering.
  • All questions are compulsory and only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examina­tion Hall.

(Questions 1 to 6): Answer all the questions as directed.

Read the lines from the poem ‘Stammer1 and answer the questions that follow:

‘Stammer is the silence that falls
between the word and its meaning
just as lameness is the
Silence that falls between
the word and deed

Question 1.
What is common to ‘stammer’ and ‘lameness’? (1)
Answer:
Silence

Question 2.
Identify the figure of speech employed in the lines. (1)
Answer:
Metaphor Simile

Question 3.
What does the poet think of ‘stammer”? (1)
Answer:
Stammer is the silence that falls between the word and its meaning.

Question 4.
Your class is conducting a debate on the topic ‘Nature conservation is more important than development.’ Write four arguments either in favour of or opposing the topic. (4)
Answer:
Nature Conservation is more important than development because:

  1. Without Nature Conservation our flora and fauna would be ruined.
  2. There will be climatic change, ozone layer depletion and global warming if Nature is not conserved.
  3. We have to preserve our Nature for posterity.
  4. We have only one habitat and if we don’t conserve it, we will be doomed.

Question 5.
Shaheen Mistri felt dejected when all the 20 schools in Mumbai refused permission to conduct classes for slum children in their classrooms for 3 hours in the evenings. If you were a friend of Shaheen Mistri, how would you offer sympathy and encouragement to her?
Write 3 sentences expressing your sympathy and support for her. You may use expressions like: I am sorry to ………. It is unfortunate that ……….. etc. (3)
Answer:
a) I am sorry to hear that 20 schools in Mumbai refused permission to conduct classes for slum children in their classrooms for 3 hours.
b) It is unfortunate that people are so callous that they don’t see the need for slum children to educate themselves.
c) It is very strange that even the so-called charitable and religious institutions are ready to work only for the rich who can afford to pay huge fees for their children.

Question 6.
The passage given below contains a few errors in concord and in the use of tenses, prepositions and articles. Edit the passage for these errors.
There was termites in the wooden box. They grew upwards from the bottom left corner in the shape of serpent. It was quite sometime since he had opened the box. What could he do about the trail of mud created by the termites? If he did not destroyed it immediately, it would spread over the whole box and eat up everything that was at it. (4)
Answer:
were termites; a serpent; did not destroy; in it.

(Questions 7 to 12): Each question carries 4 scores. Answer any 5 questions. (5 × 4 = 20)

Question 7.
A grand function is organized by the authorities of St. Xaviers College to felicitate the former student, Shaheen Mistri. The Principal himself introduces her to the audience. How would he introduce Shaheen Mistri? Draft the speech for him.
Answer:
My dear colleagues, students, parents, ladies and gentlemen,
We have organized this function to felicitate our former student Shaheen Mistri, who has made our school proud. In fact I remember when she came here for admission. She almost forced me to admit her. She entered my room through the side door. I was quite surprised. Before I could open my mouth, she told me, “Father, my life is in your hands. I want to do something for the children of India. I don’t know how, only that I must.” I asked her a few questions and I admitted her. I had never seen a student so committed to her ideals. If I hadn’t admitted her that day, it would have been a big loss not only for this school but the whole of India.

She founded Akanksha. The basic principle of Akanksha is providing underprivileged children with opportunities for learning. Akanksha wants the classroom to be a safe place for the children where they can forget, at least for some time, their troubles at home, and study and also enjoy. Akanksha came into existence in 1991. It started with 15 children. Now it has 3500 children with 58 centres and 6 schools. The children are taught, apart from English and Maths, values, self-esteem and confidence.

Shaheen Mistri, I would say, is a little angel. She did to the underprivileged children of Bombay what Mother Theresa did to the destitute in the streets of Calcutta. Akanksha definitely gives hope and optimism to thousands underprivileged children who have been roaming the streets, poor and hungry and prone to commit crimes. Shaheen Mistri is a reformer and she will be remembered by the people for a long time to come.

Let there be more Shaheen Mistris in our midst so that we can have a great country!

Question 8.
“Antonio and Felix were well liked and respected. Each had his own loyal following”, says Piri Thomas in ‘Amigo Brothers’. How did these adolescent boys become the role models of the residents of Manhattan? Attempt your answer in a paragraph of 80 words.
Answer:
Antonio Crux and Felix Vargas were both 17. They were so together in friendship that they felt like brothers. They had known each other from childhood. They grew up in the same building on the lower East Side of Manhattan. They both had a dream – becoming the light weight champion of the world. Whenever they got a chance they exercised. They would run every day morning wearing sweat shirts and short towels around their necks. Soon a wall arose between them. They were told that they were to meet each other on the division finals. The winner would represent the Boy’s Club in the Golden Gloves Championship Tournament. That means only one of them would go to the Tournament. They were both popular as boxers.

In the division finals they fight 3 rounds. In the two 2 rounds they remain even. In the 3rd round they fight fiercely, so fiercely that the spectators thought they were witnessing a fight to death and not a boxing match. They did not even hear the whistle to end the match but went on pounding each other. Finally the referee and trainers had to separate them. They leave the stage embracing each other. Their friendship is still intact. Thus they became role models of the residents of Manhattan.

Question 9.
Elaborate the idea in the lines given below:
This is better than money what good times! The government gives rice to those who don’t have paddy fields.
Answer:
This should be taken as a joke because no government can give rice to those who don’t have paddy fields. The paddy cultivators are only a few and the vast majority of the people don’t have paddy fields. How is it then possible for the government to give rice to all? If the government gives rice to those without paddy fields, definitely it will be better than money. We can surely say then that good times have come to our land.

But this is simply the fond dream of some funny guys who want to say things without any basis. This is also a kind of ridicule at the rulers, who obviously, can’t fulfil the dreams of the people. Or this can be considered an election promise which will never be carried out. When standing for elections, various parties come out with empty promises. This can be just one of them to fool the ignorant masses who never really learn their lesson.

Question 10.
Poet critic K. Satchidanandan has won the Ezhuthachan Award for his contribution to literature. Your class has decided to send an e-mail congratulating him on this achievement. As the leader of the class, what would you write in the e-mail? Draft the e-mail.
Answer:
ksatchidanandan@gmail.com
Dear Sir,
We have come to know that you have won the Ezhuthachan Award for your contribution to literature. Congratulations!

You are a noted and critic, writing in Malayalam and English. You are a pioneer of modem poetry in Malayalam. We can very well say you are a versatile genius as you are also a bilingual literary critic, playwright, editor, columnist and translator. You were also the former Editor of Indian Literature journal and the former Secretary of Sahitya Akademi. You are also a public intellectual of repute upholding secular anti-caste views, supporting causes like environment, human rights and free software and you are also a well-known speaker on issues concerning contemporary Indian literature. We are very proud of you. We pray God to give you a long life so that you can continue writing to benefit people like us.

Question 11.
Your class is conducting a group discussion on the topic ‘Discipline at home and in the school creates good citizens’. As the first presenter of the topic, write your script for the presentation.
Answer:
My dear friends,

The topic for our Group Discussion today is “Discipline in the home and in the school creates good citizens”. I don’t think there is any controversy in this topic. There is a Latin proverb which says, “Serva ordinem et ordo servabit te”. It means keep the law and the law will keep you. This is a very sound advice. Right from the childhood, starting from home, we should learn to be disciplined. A child who is disciplined at home tends to be disciplined in the school also. But there are people who think too much discipline takes away the curiosity and fun from the mind of children. Nobody says there should be too much discipline. Discipline is a positive thought.

Discipline does not necessarily mean a list of Don’t Dos. A disciplined child behaves well, respects his elders and teachers and is helpful to others. He is not greedy or selfish and such children soon become the darlings of everyone. Discipline demands hard work. Only with hard work one can succeed today. So I would say “Be Disciplined” and that would help you to go a long way in the journey of life.

Question 12.
Do you agree with Irfan Alam that “It is important to dream, but it is equally important to take calculated risks to achieve your dream”? Express your own opinion in a paragraph of 80 words.
Answer:
I quite agree with Irfan Alam that “It is quite important to dream, but it is equally important to take calculated risks to achieve your dream”. Irfan Alam was only 17, when the idea of selling water bottles in rickshaws occurred to him. He soon took a calculated risk. The very next day he talked to 5 rickshaw pullers and gave them 8 bottles of water each. The profit was to be split between them and Irfan. For each bottle the profit would be Rs. 2. The very first day Irfan got Rs. 8. Later in 2006, in a TV show, Irfan suggested that rickshaws should be redesigned so that the spaces on the vehicles could be sold for advertising and brand promotion. He also suggested additional income for the rickshaw pullers by selling water, juice, biscuits, mobile cards and newspapers to the passengers.

His proposal won the competition and he was did not take the money because the organizers of the TV show did not agree with his proposals. But later in 2007 with the support of rickshaw pullers SammaaN was founded. There are some 10 million rickshaws operating in India. SammaaN helped rickshaw pullers to increase their income by 30 to 40%. SammaaN has been successful in making the lives of the rickshaw pullers and their families happier. Irfan has done a wonderful job and he did it by taking calculated risks. Anybody can cream, but only the one ready to take risks will succeed.

(Questions 13 to 18): Answer any 5 questions. Each question carries 6 scores. (5 × 6 = 30)

Question 13.
In connection with Anti-narcotics Day, your school is holding an elocution competition on the topic ‘Drug abuse destroys the individual, the society and the nation’. You are one of the competitors. Prepare your speech.
Answer:
Respected Chairman and honourable guests on the dais, friends, ladies and gentlemen,

Today we are observing Anti-Narcotics Day because many people abuse drugs for some temporary pleasure without realizing how dangerous drug abuse can be. Drug abuse has both mental and physical impacts. The drug addict experiences sensory deprivation. He has a general feeling of physical discomfort and there are personality changes in him. The addict feels depressed.

He fails to respond to his environment and to other people. His mental disturbance can be like paranoia. The addict knows he has a problem but he does not know what the cause for it is. He looks at external objects with suspicion. Anything outside scares him and he draws further and further into himself. There are also drug related physical disorders. Dry needles and solutions used for injecting drugs can cause abscesses in the arms and veins. They can cause liver disease, venereal diseases and infection of the kidney and brain. Sniffing cocaine and amphetamines can damage the tissue of the nose.

Marijuana and tobacco smoking can cause lung diseases. Babies of women who are addicted to opiates are likely to be bom addicted and suffer from withdrawal symptoms. Cocaine and amphetamines cause hair fall. Marijuana can damage cells. A drug addict can easily get pneumonia, tuberculosis, malnutrition and weight loss. An overdose of any sensual drug can cause respiratory or cardiac failure and death.

Question 14.
A reporter who happened to visit the post office at the time of the incidents in ‘Post Early for Christmas’ started writings news report in this manner:
Commotion in Post Office over a Hoax Bomb Alert East London: A hoax bomb alert caused much panic and confusion in a rural post office …………
Complete the report.
Answer:
Commotion in Post Office over a Hoax Bomb Alert Easton London: A hoax bomb alert caused much panic and confusion in a rural post office. The Village Post Office was crowded because people wanted to post their Christmas presents in time. The young Lady Assistant in the Post Office was very busy. Customers like Mrs. Smith, Mr. Jones, a deaf old gentleman, a farmer, a fussy old lady, Mrs. Higgins and Bertie, her son, were giving their parcels to the Assistant and were talking to one another about the offered seed money of Rs. 150 lakhs for his ideas to be implemented. He current happenings in the village. Then came a foreign tourist.

He was dark and evil looking. Her was dressed in black and spoke with an accent. He greeted the Assistant and told her to send the parcel he had brought. He removed his gloves and left them on the counter. The Assistant was happy the way the parcel was packed. It was very heavy. He said he could not post the parcel earlier because he came to this country only a few days ago. He wanted to know how long it would take for it to reach the Central Post Office to be sorted. He hoped the postal department would take good care of the parcel. He wanted to know if it would be opened. He was worried if it would be stolen. The Assistant reassured him that it would be safely delivered to his friend.

The Assistant was a bit worried as to what was in the parcel. Bertie had a look at it. Bertie could hear some sound from the parcel. The Assistant also heard some ticking noise. The Farmer said he also could hear it. Mrs. Jones and Mrs. Smith also heard it. The Farmer thought it was a time bomb. Everybody was worried. Mrs. Higgins asked Bertie to go and bring a policeman. The Assistant wanted to take and place the parcel outside but the farmer asked her to leave it as it would explode if she took it.

The Farmer asked people to take cover as the ticking noise was increasing. The policeman came. As the policeman was noting down things, the Foreign Tourist came back to take his gloves which he had left on the counter. He said the parcel contained a clock which he had bought all the way from Switzerland! There was no bomb!

Question 15.
The dialogues of John, son of Robert Baldwin, at the beginning and in the middle of the play are given below:

Beginning Middle
1. He wanted you to lie to save his skin. It’s going to be a nasty mess if they put John Gresham in Jail.
2. I’d have told him to go to the devil. Nobody loses a cent. Nobody wants to see him punished
3. Wasn’t satisfied with underpaying his employees; had to rob his depositors! A hundred thousand is a lot of money.

Now, attempt a character sketch of John Robert Baldwin in about 100 words.
Answer:
John is the 27-year old son of Baldwin and Martha. He earns just 30 dollars a week. His father had taught him to remain honest and truthful in all circumstances. When he comes to know that Gresham had stolen bank’s money he was angry with Gresham. He said Gresham was a bad man who wanted his father to tell a lie just to save his skin. If he were in his father’s position he would tell Gresham to go to hell. According to him Gresham was a really cruel man who underpaid his employees and now he wanted to rob his depositors also.

John would not do anything to save Gresham. But John’s stand changed when he came to know that his father was offered 100,000 dollars by Gresham just to say “I don’t remember” when he was asked crucial questions in the court. Now John comes out with some queer logic. He tells his father that if Gresham is put in jail there would be a nasty mess, meaning his father should help him not to go to jail. Nobody loses a cent and nobody wants to see Gresham punished.

So why doesn’t his father take 100,000 dollars and say “I don’t remember”? A hundred dollars, after all, is a lot of money. Here we see how the young man Jphn is ready to sell his soul for a certain amount of money. He forgets all his morals and all his honesty. Money can really make saints sinners.

Question 16.
“God has given me two ears to listen to others. I hear them out with sympathy and without any judgement. When a person in trouble or under a lot of strain finds an outlet for his worries, it relieves half his burden”.
These words of Ratna inspired Sudha Murty. She wants to report Ratna’s words to her own children. Write down the report.
Answer:
Ratna said that God had given hertwo earsto listen to others. She added that she heard them out with sympathy and without any judgement. She further said that when a person in trouble or under a lot of strain found an outlet for his worries, it relieved half of his burden.

Question 17.
A ‘Female Films’ Festival was held in your school to focus on women empowerment in the arts. Read the notice and prepare a report of the film festival.
Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2018, 1
Answer:

ABC SCHOOL

Date 8.12.2017

A “Female Film Festival” was held in our school auditorium on 7 December 2017. It started at 9.30 am. The Festival began with a prayer by the school Choir. Welcome Speech followed. It was delivered by Dr. Sujata S., the Principal of the school. The Presidential Address was given by Smt. Devi N., the PTA President. The Inaugural Address was by Vidhu Vincent, the film Director. Felicitations were offered by Sri M. Raju, Panchayat Member. Vote of Thanks followed and it was done by Smt. Sreekala N., Staff Secretary. All the speakers highlighted the need for women empowerment in the arts.

This was followed by film shows. At 10.30, the film “Udaharanam Sujatha” was shown. After the film there was lunch break. All the participants were provided with lunch.

After lunch two more films were shown. At 1.00 p.m. the film “English Vinglish” was screened. Then at 4 the film “Chak De, India!” was shown. The programme came to a close at 6.45 p.m. with the National Anthem sung by the School Choir. It was a highly successful Festival and the participants were quite pleased.

Question 18.
The literary club of your school has decided to visit the poet satirist Chemmanam Chacko and interview him. What would you ask him?
Frame 6 relevant questions for the interview.
Answer:
Interview with Chemmanam Chacko

Leader: Sir, we are the members of the literary club of our school and we have come to ask you some questions about your work. We will not take much of your time. We shall be recording your replies.
Chemmanam Chacko: You are welcome. Please make yourself comfortable. Okay, I am ready to answer your questions.

1st Member: We studied your poem “Rice” as part of our school work. How do you get these ideas?
2nd Member: Sir, most of your poems are satires. Have you written any lyric poem?
Leader: Which Malayalam poet do you admire most?
1st Member: We have seen that in some of your poems you ridicule the politicians and leaders. Do they show any anger for exposing them?
2nd Member: We too want to write poems like yours. What advice would you give us?

(Questions 19 to 21): Answer any 2 questions. Each question carries 8 scores. (2 × 8 = 16)

Question 19.
Read the following advertisement put forward by the Research and Development wing of SammaaN to recruit Junior Assistant. Draft an application letter and resume.
Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2018, 2
Answer:
From:
Abdul Umar
11/XI Azad Road
Irinjalakuda
PIN: 680-125

To
The Officer In-Charge
Research and Development Wing
SammaaN Foundation
P.B. No. 395
Bihar
PIN: 180 123
3 August 2018

Dear Sir,
Sub: Application forthe post of a Junior Assistant.

This has reference to your advertisement appearing in “The Hindu”, dated 1 August 2018.

I am a graduate with additional skills in computer operations. I can handle 3 languages easily. I have excellent communication skills and I feel I can perform well if you give me an opportunity to work in your organization.

I can come for any interview at any time and in any place of your choice. I am enclosing my Bio-data and also copies of my certificates.

I assure you of full satisfaction if I am given a chance to work under you.
Hoping to hear from you,

Yours faithfully,
(Abdul Umar)
Encl: 3

BIO-DATA OF ABDUL UMAR:
Career Objective: To work in a firm where I can use my talents and capabilities for the welfare of all and also learn new things.
1. Name : Abdul Umar
2. Contact Address : 11/XI Azad Road, Irinjalakuda, Kerala, 680-125
3. E-mail : addulumar@hotmail.com
4. Mobile No. : 8547028876
5. Educational Qualifications:

  • B.A. English, (2016), from Christ College irinjalakuda, with 80% marks.
  • +2 (2013) from Don Bosco HSS, Irinjalakuda, with 85% marks.
  • SSLC from Don Bosco, Irinjalakuda, with 79% marks.

6. Computer Skills : Tally
7. Experience : Worked for Kerala Solvent Extractions (P) Ltd, Irinjalakuda, for one year as an office clerk.
8. Languages known : Malayalam, Hindi, English
9. Hobbies : Reading and Outdoor Games
10. Special Abilities :

  • I was on the Editorial Board of the College Magazine.
  • I was a member of the College Football team

Referees:

  • Joe Cheriyan, Lecturer in English. Christ College, Irinjalakuda, Phone No. 85470 255882.
  • Gafoor Mohammed, Ward Member, Irinjalakuda Panchayat, Phone No. 0480-2825506.

I hereby declare that the above information is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Sd/-
(Abdul Umar)

Question 20.
Study the poster given below:
Plus Two English Previous Year Question Paper March 2018, 3
Now, write an essay on ‘Co-existence of man and nature for sustainable living’ in about 150 words.
Answer:
Co-existence of man and nature for sustainable living: The world is facing a crisis today. We hear about dangerous things like global warming, ozone layer depletion, atmospheric pollution and many flora and fauna going extinct. If global warming continues at the present rate the polar ice will melt flooding the oceans which will drown coastal towns and cities. Some island countries would be wiped out completely.

Why are all these dangerous things happening? They are happening because of man’s greed and avarice’. He wants to exploit nature excessively. The results are easy to see. Our water is contaminated, there is too much plastic waste, there is heavy industrial waste, there is deforestation because of development projects that destroy our forests and convert them into concrete jungles. There is also noise pollution which badly affects our mind and thought processes.

Fortunately everything is not lost. There are some solutions to the problems. We should do our best to preserve our mangroves. We should protect our marine life. There are the Rs.3 that are significant – Reduce our consumption, Reuse the things and Recycle our waste. We should conserve our wild life. We should respect the earth and obey the environment protection laws. If we don’t do these things we are going to be in trouble. The earth is patient, but if we play with her patience she can unleash her fury – tsunamis and Okhis are manifestations of the anger of Mother Earth.

Question 21.
Read the poem carefully. Compare the poem with ‘Any Woman’.

The Heart of a Woman

The heart of a woman goes forth with the dawn
As a lone bird, soft winging, so restlessly on
A far o’er life’s turrets and vales does it roam
In the wake of those echoes the heart calls home.
The heart of woman falls back with the night,
And enters some alien cage in its plight,
And tries to forget it has dreamed of the stars
While it breaks, breaks, breaks on the sheltering bars.

– Georgia Douglas Johnson

Answer:
“The Heart of a Woman” by Maya Angelou (Not by Georgia Douglas Johnson as mentioned in the question paper) is a beautiful little poem which contrasts the dreams and desires of a woman with the actual realities. The heart of a woman goes out in the dawn as a lone bird and it roams about the towers and valleys of life.

But soon her heart remembers her home. She comes back in the night and is in her home like a caged bird. She then forgets all her fantastic dreams which break up against the realities of life. The poem is in rhyme with the scheme aabb. There is personification and repetition in it. It is pessimistic in tone.

“Any Woman” by Katherine Tynan shows the importance of the mother. She is the pillar of the house. She is the keystone of the arch. If you take her away, the roof and the wall will fall down. She is the fire upon the hearth, She is the light of the sun. She is the heat that warms the sun. The children get their warmth from her. She is the light of their love. Without her the children would not thrive. She holds the children together. She is the wall that protects the children from all kinds of dangers.

She constantly prays to God to keep her alive until her children are grown up. In this poem except in the first stanza the rhyme scheme is abab. There is personification and hyperbole here. There is also repetition. Between the two poems, I prefer “Any Woman” by Katherine Tynan as it is positive in its outlook.

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 5

Kerala Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 5

Time: 1 Hour
Cool off time: 10 Minutes
Maximum: 30 Score

Answer all the following questions. Each carries 1 score.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2
Question 1.
Name the person who studied the species-area relationship.
Plus Two Botany Model Question Papers Paper 5Q1

Question 2.
Pick the odd one out of the given amino acids.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.1

Question 3.
Note the relationship between the first pair and complete the second pair.
Natural selection: Darwin; Inheritance of ac­quired characters:………………..
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.2

Answer any nine questions from 4 – 14. Each car­ries 2 scores.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.3

Question 4.
Complete the table using suitable terms
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.4

Question 5.
To find out the unknown genotype of a vio­let flowered pea plant a researcher did the following cross. Observe the diagram and answer the following questions:
(Hint: Violet flower color in pea plant is dominant over white)
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.5
a. What would be the above cross called?
b. Can you determine the unknown geno­type of a violet flowered parent by drawing punnet square?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.6

Question 6.
Diagram of a double-stranded polynucleotide chain is shown below:
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.7
What do the numbers I, II, III and IV indi­cates?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.9

Question 7.
In which part of the human reproductive system the following events occur?
1. Fertilisation
2. Implantation
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.10
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.11

Question 8.
Explain transcription. A transcription unit in DNA is defined primarily by three re­gions. Write the names of any two re­gions.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.12

Question 9.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.13
The above-shown pictures are beaks of a particular type of bird seen on an island during Darwin’s journey.
a. Identify the bird and name the island.
b. Write the significance of this process in evolution.

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.14

Question 10.
Microbes can also be used as a source of energy. Substantiate with suitable ex­amples.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.15

Question 11.
Classify the diseases given in the box as two groups based on their causative organisms. Specify the type of causative organism for each group.
Typhoid, Malaria, Pneumonia, Diphtheria, Amoebiasis.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.16

Question 12.
Most often HIV infection occurs due to con­scious behavior patterns. Do you agree with this statement? Substantiate your an­swer.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.17

Question 13.
Given below is the figure showing func­tioning of the lac operon in presence of lac­tose. Redraw the figure and label the parts numbered 1 to 6.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.18

Question 14.
Nature has many varieties of plants which give drugs for abuse, as there are medici­nal plants which give medicines. Substan­tiate with two examples.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.19
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.20
Answer any three from 15 -18 questions. Each car­ries 3 scores.

Question 15.
“Prediction of the sequence of amino ac­ids from the nucleotide sequence in mRNA is very easy, but the exact prediction of the nucleotide sequence in mRNA from the sequence of amino acids coded by mRNA is difficult.”
a. Which properties of the genetic code is the reason for the above condition? Ex­plain.
b. Which are the stop codons in DNA repli­cation?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.21

Question 16.
A transcriptional unit is given below. Observe it and answer the questions.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.22

  1. How can you identify the coding strand?
  2. Write the sequence of RNA formed from this unit?
  3. What would happen if both strands of the DNA act as templates for transcription?

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.23

Question 17.
A poultry farm manager was cursing his hens for producing lion share of cocks in its prog­eny. Hearing this, Kumar – farm attender.starts to blame his wife for delivering con­secutive girl children. Analyze the situations scientifically and state whether you agree with Kumar.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.24

Question 18.
The diagram represents the process of gametogenesis. Closely observe it and an­swer the following.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.25
a. Is it spermatogenesis or oogenesis?
b. What does the smaller shaded circles rep­resent?
c. Write down two significance of produc­tion of the same.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.26

Answers

Answer 1.
Alexander von Humboldt

Answer 2.
Trp

Answer 3.
Lamark

Answer 4.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.27

Answer 5.
a. Test cross
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.28
The unknown genotype of Violet flowered par­ent is WW.

Answer 6.
I – Phosphorus/P
II- Pentose Sugar
III – Thymine/T
IV – Cytosine/C

Answer 7.
a
1. Fertilisation takes place in the ampulla of the fallopian tube,
2. Endometrium,
b.
A – Trophoblast
B – Inner cell mass

Answer 8.
The process of copying genetic information from one strand of the DNA into RNA is termed as transcription. The strands are transcripted 1. If both strands act as a tem­plate, they would code for RNA molecule with different sequences and in turn, if the code for proteins, the sequence of amino acids in the proteins would be different. A transcription unit in DNA is defined pri­marily by the three regions in the DNA:

  1. a promoter
  2. the structural gene
  3. a terminator

Answer 9.
The bird is Darwin’s Finches. The name of Island is Galapagos Island, b. Darwin finches differed primarily in body size and beak shape as an adaptation to types of food available on islands. All these species evolved in different directions from the common ancestral form and adapted to new invaded habits and to modes of life necessary there. This phenomenon is called an adaptive radiation.

Answer 10.
The microbes can also be used as a source of energy. Very nice example of this is the production of biogas from the dung of cattle in the gobar gas plants by the microbes called methanogens.

Answer 11.
Bacterial diseases: Typhoid, pneumonia, diphtheria.
Protozoan diseases: Amoebiasis, malaria.

Answer 12.
Yes. The HIV infection is mainly by blood transfusion may take place due to poor monitoring.
Use of condoms during sexual contact will prevent from getting HIV. So alertness about infection of HIV will protect us from. getting AIDS.

Answer 13.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.29

Answer 14.
Ganja – from female inflorescence of the can­nabis plant.
Bhang- dried leaves, stems and flowering shoots of Cannabis plant.
Cannabis sativa plant produces Gannab- inside of which is used as medicine in Ayurveda and Unani. Morphine from a poppy plant used as a painkiller.

Answer 15.
Degeneracy of specificity. Some amino acids are coded by more than one codon, hence the code is degenerate.
b. UAA, UAG, UGA.

Answer 16.
a.  The strand with polarity 51-31 called cod­ing strand.
b. UCAGUACA
c.
1. If both strands act as a template, they would code for RNA molecule with dif­ferent sequences.
2. If the code for proteins, different amino acids will be formed. So more com­plications.
3. If two RNA molecule produced at the same time they would be complementary to each other would form double-stranded RNA. So translation affected.

Answer 17.
I cannot agree with Kumar because of the sex of progeny is not determined by parents but by chance by which the combining of gametes produced by parents. In birds, sex determination mechanism is as follows.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 5.30

Answer 18.
a. Oogenesis.
b. Polar bodies
c. Polar body formed help to concentrate more cytoplasm in the ovum. It also helps to reduce the chromosome number into half in the egg.

Plus Two Zoology Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 4

Kerala Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 4

Time: 1 Hour
Cool off time: 10 Minutes
Maximum: 30 Score

Answer all the following questions. Each carries 1 score.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2

Question 1.
…………is a metabolic disorder that oc­curs due to the lack of an enzyme, that con­verts phenylalanine to tyrosine.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4

Question 2.
Study the relationship between the first two words and fill the blank space with a suit­able word.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.1
AIDS: ELISA
Thyphoid:………………..

Question 3.
The following statements compare the pro­cess of oogenesis and spermatogenesis. Which one is not true?
a. Production of ovum ceases at a certain age, but sperm production continues in old men.
b. Oogenesis begins in the embryonic stages, but spermatogenesis starts at the onset of puberty.
c. A meiotic arrest occurs both in oogenesis and spermatogenesis.
d. Polar bodies are formed in oogenesis.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.2
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.3
Answer any nine questions from 4 – 14. Each car­ries 2 scores.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.4

Question 4.
An evolutionary process occurred in the evo­lution of marsupial mammals in Australia is given below.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.5
a. Name this evolutionary process.
b. Suggest another example of this phe­nomenon.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.6

Question 5.
Rearrange the columns B & C with respect A
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.7

A B C

Monascus purpureus

Steptokinase Antibiotic
Streptococcus Statin

Immuno suppressant

Penicillium notatum

Cyclosporin-A Clot buster

Trichoderma polysporum

Penicillin Cholesterol-lowering agent

Question 6.
Ramu cultivated pea plants as an intercrop in his paddy field. After harvesting, he allowed the roots of the pea plants remain in the soil for some period.
a. Do you think the action of Ramu is reasonable?
b. Justify your answer.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.8

Question 7.
When the urine sample of a lady is tested, the presence of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) is detected.
a. What does the presence of HCG indi­cate?
b. Which is the source of HCG?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.10

Question 8.
Fill the columns A and B using the items given below.

Column A Column B
Development of D.D.T resistant ants
Adaptive radiation
Genetic drift
Inheritance of acquired characters

(Lamarkism, Evolution by anthropogenic action, Gene flow by chance, varieties of marsupials in Australia, De Vries)
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.11
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.12

Question 9.
The first child of a couple is affected with phenylketonuria. During the second preg­nancy, they visited a genetic counselor and he prepared a pedigree chat of their fam­ily.
a. What is pedigree analysis?
b. Draw the symbols for

  • Affected female.
  • Sex unspecified.
  • Consanguineous mating.

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.13

Question 10.
Arrange the following examples under two heads viz-homologous organs and analo­gous organs.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.14
Forelimb of whale and bat,
Wings of butterfly and bat,
Heart of man and cheetah,
Eyes of octopus and mammals

Question 11.
The meaning of ‘antibiotics’ is ‘against life’, whereas with reference to human beings they are ’pro-life’.
Substantiate the statement with a suitable example.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.15

Question 12.
Expand the following abbreviations which are commonly used in reproductive health
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.16
a. ART
b. ZIFT

Question 13.
One of your neighbour is suffering from itching, fluid discharge, slight pain and swelling in the genital region.
a. What do you think the disease he is suffering from?
b. What measures are to be taken to pre­vent such diseases?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.17

Question 14.
Identify the diagram and write how it acts?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.18
Answer any three from 15 – 18 questions. Each carries 3 scores.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.19

Question 15.
Read the principle and answer the que­stions :
“Allele frequencies in a population are stable and constant from generation to generation called genetic equilibrium.”
a. Name the principle mentioned here.
b. Mention any two factors affecting the equilibrium.
c. What ¡s the significance .of disturbances occur in the genetic equilibrium?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.20

Question 16.
Observe the figures and answer the que­stions.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.21
a. Identify the type of natural selection A, B, and C with an explanation of each.
b. Define the Hardy-Weinberg principle
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.22

Question 17.
Blood of a man is tested positive for cannabinoid.
a. What are these?
b. From where these are extracted naturally?
c. Which part of the body is affected by these?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.23

Question 18.
Given below is the diagrammatic represen­tation of the operation of Natural Selec­tion on different traits.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.24
a. Identify the type of natural selection A, B, and C with an explanation of each.
b. Define the Hardy-Weinberg principle.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.25

Answers

Answer 1.
Phenylketonuria

Answer 2.
Widal test

Answer 3.
c. A meiotic arrest occurs both in oogenesis and spermatogenesis.

Answer 4.
a. Adaptive radiation.
b. Darwin’s finches seen in Galapagos Island around South America

Answer 5.

Answer 6.
a. yes.
b. Rhizobium found in the root nodules of

Answer 7.
a. Pregnancy,
b. Placenta

Answer 8.

Development of D.D.T resistant ants Evolution of anthro­pogenic action
Varieties of Marsupials in Australia Adaptive radiation
Gene flow by chance. Genetic drift
Inheritance of acquired characters Lamarckism

Answer 9.
Analysing the inheritance of the character through several previous generations in a family called pedigree analysis.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 4.26

Answer 10.

Homologous organs Analogous organs

Forelimb of whale and bat.

Heart of man and cheetah.

Wings of butterfly and bat.

Eyes of octopus and mammals.

Answer 11.
The discovery of antibiotics greatly improved the quality of human life. Antibiotic drugs are made from living organisms such as fungi, molds of certain soil bacteria. Some bacteria that enter the human body can destroy human cells or causing diseases. Like pneumonia or tuberculosis. An antibiotic such as penicillin and streptomycin or others fight bacteria either by killing them or preventing them from multiplying. So antibiotics are ‘Pro-life’ to human beings.

Answer 12.
a. Assisted Reproductive Technology,
b. Zygote Intra Fallopian Transfer

Answer 13.
a. Sexually transmitted disease (STD),
b.
1. Avoid sex with an unknown partner.
2. Always use a condom during coitus.

Answer 14.
CuT condom. lUDs increase phagocytosis of sperms within the uterus and the Cu ions released suppress sperm motility and the fertilising capacity of Sperms.

Answer 15.
a. Hardy – Weinberg principle.
b. Gene migration or gene flow, genetic drift and mutation.
c. Disturbance in genetic equilibrium change of frequency of alleles in a population would then be interpreted as resulting in the evolution

Answer 16.
a.
A – Klinefelter syndrome
B – Turner’s syndrome
b.
Chromosome number in A = 47
Chromosome number in B = 45

Answer 17.
a. Cannabinoid is a group of chemicals which interact with cannabinoid receptors present principally in the brain.
b.It is extracted from the inflorescences of the plant Cannabis sativa.
c. Which interact with Cannabinoid receptors present principally in the brain. Generally taken by inhalation and oral ingestion, these are known for their effects on the cardiovascular system of the body.

Answer 18.
a. A-Stabilising selection – (Intermediate characters are selected).
B-Directional selection – (Any one of the extreme characters selected).
C-Disruptive selection (Both the extreme characters selected).
It states that under certain conditions of stability, allele frequencies of a population are stable and constant from generation to generation in a sexually reproducing organism. This equilibrium is called genetic equilibrium or Hardy— Weinberg equilibrium.

Plus Two Zoology Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 3

Kerala Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 3

Time: 1 Hour
Cool off time: 10 Minutes
Maximum: 30 Score

Answer all the following questions. Each carries 1 score.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2
Question 1.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.1
Addition or detection of chromosome gen­erally results in …………….

Question 2.
One among the contraceptive method is peculiar. Find the odd one. What is com­mon among others?
a. Periodic abstinence
b. Coitus interruptus
c. Lactational amenorrhea
d. lUD’s
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.2

Question 3.
Observe the diagram below:
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.3
Which among the following is the compli­mentary sequence of the DNA fragment shown above?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.4
a. 5′ → ATTCG → 3’
b. 3′ 4 ATTCG → 5′
c. 3′ → TAAGC → 5′
d. 3′ → CGAAT → 5′

Answer any nine questions from 4 – 14. Each car­ries 2 scores.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.5

Question 4.
The treatment facility advertised on the bro­chure of a private clinic is shown below.
IVF     ZIFT    GIFT   IUI
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.6
a. Can you suggest what type of a clinic it is?
b. Make a brief note on any three of the treatment procedures.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.7

Question 5.
Analysing the relationship among different columns, fill the gaps appropriately.Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.8

Question 6.
The widespread incidence of diseases like H1,N1, Chikungunya, dengue fever etc., are reported recently. As a science student, prepare an action plan in your school to control those diseases.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.9
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.10

Question 7.
A DNA sequence is provided below:
TACGAGTTATATATACAT
a. Write down the triplet codons it codes for.
b. If a nitrogen base is added in between 4th and 5th nitrogen bases, what will be its effect on transcription?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.11

Question 8.
Arrange the following diseases in the fol­lowing columns in a meaningful order.
Typhoid, Ringworms, Amoebiasis, AIDS, Malaria, Pneumonia, Common cold.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.12

Question 9.
Identify the traits from the pedigree chart. Give one example each.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.13

Question 10.
Nature does a lot of services for which an economic value or price tag can be put”. Substantiate giving examples.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.14

Question 11.
The flow of genetic information is shown below.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.15
Name the processes a, b, c, and d.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.16

Question 12.
0bserve the diagram and answer the questions:
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.17
a. Identify the process shown in the figure and define it.
b. Identify the structure B. Write any one function of it in the process shown in the diagram.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.18

Question 13.
Prepare a pamphlet for an awareness programme in your school about the measures to prevent and control alcohol and drug abuse in adolescents.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.19

Question 14.
” Gopalan argues that if the father is of ‘A’ blood group, the mother is of’B’ blood group. Their children can only be ‘A’ group, B group or ‘AB’ group.”
a. Do you agree with Gopalan’s argument?
b. Give a reason for your answer.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.20

Answer any three from 15-18 questions. Each carries 3 scores.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.21

Question 15.
“Nature provides all for the need of man but not for his greed.”
a. Do you agree with this statement? Justify your answer.
b. Distinguish between two types of biodiversity conservations.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.22

Question 16.
We have a moral responsibility to take good care of earth’s biodiversity and pass it on in good order to the next generation.
a. Define biodiversity.
b. Write causes for biodiversity losses.
c. Name two types of biodiversity conser­vation.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.23
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.24

Question 17.
a. Identify the syndrome from the diagram, and write the genotype.
b. It occurs in both sexes (male and female). Write the reason.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.25
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.28

Question 18.
a. The steps in DNA fingerprinting are given below. Complete the flowchart (A& B).
b. Mention the applications of DNA fingerprinting.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.26

Answers

Answer 1.
Aneuploidy

Answer 2.
d. lUD’s. Others are natural contraceptive methods and IUD is the barrier method.

Answer 3.
3’→ TAAGC→ 5′

Answer 4.
a. Infertility clinic.
b.
1. IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation): Fertilisation outside the body in almost similar condi­tions as that in the body.

2. ZIFT (Zygote IntraFallopian Transfer): After IVF, the zygote thus formed is al­lowed to develop in vitro until it reaches 8 celled stages. Then it is transferred into the fallopian tube. This technique is called ZIFT.

3. GIFT (Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer): Transfer of an ovum collected from a donor into the fallopian tube of another female who cannot produce one, but can provide a suitable environment for fertilisation and further development is another method attempted.

4. IUI (Intra-Uterine Insemination): In this technique, the semen collected either from the husband or a healthy donor is artificially introduced either into the va­gina or into the uterus.

Answer 5.
a. Bacteria
b. Common Cold
c. Wuchereria bancrofti
d.  Helminth of Roundworm

Answer 6.
To control or eliminate the vectors and their breeding places. This can be achieved by avoiding stagnation of water in and around residential areas, regular cleaning of house­hold coolers, use of mosquito nets, intro­ducing fishes like Gambusia in ponds that feed on mosquito larvae, spraying of insec­ticides in ditches, drainage areas, and swamps, etc. In addition, doors and win­dows should be provided with wire mesh to prevent the entry of mosquitoes.

Answer 7.
a. AUG/CUC/AAU/AUA/UAU/GUA.
b. Frameshift mutation

Answer 8.
Bacterial diseases: Typhoid,pneumonia,
Viral diseases: Common cold, AIDS
Fungal diseases: Ringworm
Protozoan diseases: Amoebiasis, malaria.

Answer 9.
a. Autosomal dominant trait.
eg., myotonic dystrophy
b. Autosomal recessive trait,
eg., Sickle cell anemia

Answer 10.
Nature does a lot of service to mankind, eg., Amazone rain forest produce 20% of total oxygen.in the atmosphere. It make an organism live by helping each other, eg., pollination.
Nature provide aesthetic value and happi­ness to our mind, eg., walking through for­est or watching spring flowers in full bloom etc. give pleasure to our mind. So the ser­vice of nature is countless where we can­not give economic value.

Answer 11.
a. Replication
b. Transcription
c. Translation
d. Reverse transcription

Answer 12.
a. Protein synthesis.
b. B- Ribosome. It help the formation of a protein by sliding over amino acid.

Answer 13.
Some of the measures useful for preven­tion and control of alcohol and drugs abuse among adolescents are:

  1. Avoid undue peer pressure
  2. Education and counseling.
  3. Seeking help from parents and peers.
  4. Looking for danger signs.
  5. Seeking professional and medical help, action.

Answer 14.
a. No.
b. A blood group means it exists as i iA or iA
iA, B blood group means it exists as iBi, iB
iB. So the child can have genotype.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 3.27
So the child can have ‘O’ blood group also. Blood group system in human is a \ example for co-dominance.

Answer 15.
a.Yes. The accelerated rates of species ex­tinctions that the world is facing now are largely due to human activities,
b.
(1) In-situ conservation: On-site conser­vation, eg., national park, sanctuary, biosphere reserve, sacred-groves etc.
(2) Ex-situ conservation: Off-site conser­vation. eg., botanical garden, zoologi­cal park, safari park, seed bank.

Answer 16.
a. It refers to the totality of genes, species, and ecosystems of a region, The term biodiversity is popularized by Edward Wilson.
b.
(1) habitat loss and fragmentation
(2) overexploitation
(3) alien species invasions
(4) co-extinctions
c.
(1) In-situ conservation: On site conser­vation. eg., national park, sanctuary, biosphere reserve, sacred-groves etc.
(2) Ex-situ conservation: Off-site conser­vation. eg., botanical garden, zoological park, safari park, seed bank.

Answer 17.
a. Down’s syndrome.,
b. The disorder is due to the additional copy of chromosome number. 21, i.e., 21st Trisomy.

Answer 18.
a.
A – Digestion of DNA by a restriction endonuclease.
B – Hybridisation using labeled VNTR probe.
b.
It is used as a forensic tool to solve the problems of paternity, rape, and mur­der etc.
It is used to determine population and genetic diversity.
Used in the diagnosis of genetic dis­eases.

Plus Two Zoology Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 2

Kerala Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 2

Time: 1 Hour
Cool off time: 10 Minutes
Maximum: 30 Score

Answer all the following questions. Each carries 1 score.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2
Question 1.
Study the relationship between the first two terms and fill the blank space with a suitable word
Androgen – Leydig’s
cells
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.2

Question 2.
Pick the odd one out of the given amino acids.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.3

Question 3.
Which theory talks about the huge explo¬sion that leads to the origin of the universe.

Answer any nine questions from 4 – 14. Each car­ries 2 scores.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.4

Question 4.
Theory of chemical evolution is a version of the theory of abiogenesis. Analyze the state­ment.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.5

Question 5.
Some bioactive molecules, their source, and their medical importance are given in the table below. Fill up the missing parts.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.6
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.7

Question 6.
a. Arrange the given chemical compounds in the sequential order as per the con­cept of origin of life.             (Ammonia, Hydrogen, Protein, Nucleic acid, Amino acid)
b. Correlate Miller’s experiment with this.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.8

Question 7.
Lakshmi and Sujitha are two nursery stu­dents. Sujitha gets common cold very of­ten. Lakshmi not.
a. How do you interpret this in an immuno­logical aspects?
b. What are the common barriers protect­ing Lakshmi from the cold?
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.9

Question 8.
Given below is the diagrammatic represen­tation of the human blastocyst. Observe the diagram and answer the following questions.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.10
a. Identify A and B.
b. Write the functions of A and B.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.11

Question 9.
Arrange the following in a hierarchical man­ner based on the period of their evolu­tion. Homoerectus, Ramapithecus, Austral opithecus, Homosapiens, Neanderthal man.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.12

Question 10.
“More and more children in metro cities in India suffer from allergies and asthma.”
a. Do you agree with this statement?
b. Justify your answer.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.13

Question 11.
a. A couple has two daughters. The blood group of husband and wife is ‘O’.
What is the possible blood groups the children should have?
b. Whether any change in blood group will occur if they have two sons instead of daughters.
Substantiate your answer.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.14
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.15

Question 12.
A bacterial infection was effectively con­trolled by using a specific antibiotic for a long time. But nowadays this antibiotic is not found to be so effective to control the said infection.
Give a scientific explanation for this phe­nomenon based on evolution.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.16

Question 13.
Make pairs by putting the related items together stating their relationship.

  • Monascus Purpureus
  • Trichoderma polysporum
  • Ethanol
  • Blood clot
  • Streptokinase
  • Statin
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Cyclosporin

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.17

Question 14.
Identify the given structure.
Give its role in protein synthesis.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.18

Answer any three from 15-18 questions. Each carries 3 scores.

Question 15.
Some stages of the embryonic develop­ment are given below. Observe these dia­grams and answer the questions.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.19
a. What is A & B?
b. Name the two types of cells found in the blastocyst.
c. Which layer of the blastocyst is attached to the endometrium? And name the process
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.20

Question 16.
“STDs present a major health concern in both industrialized and developing countries.”
a. What do you mean by STDs?
b.Name two STDs.
c. Suggest two preventive measures.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.21

Question 17.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.22
The above graph shows the level of ova­rian hormones in a normally menstruat­ing woman during the follicular phase.
a. Name ‘a’ and ‘b ‘
b. Mention the role of pituitary hormones in maintaining this condition.
c. Reconstruct the graph for Luteal phase.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.23

Question 18.
The year 2010 has been declared as the International Biodiversity Year by United Nations (UN).

  1. Point out the levels of diversity in na­ture.
  2. Give a brief description of ‘The Evil Quartet’.

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.24

Answers

Answer 1.
Placenta

Answer 2.
Met

Answer 3.
Big Bang theory

Answer 4.
The theory of chemical evolution says that small elements combined to form com­pounds which further form small molecules.

In theory of Abiogenesis living organisms formed from non-living substances that are small elements combined to form com­pounds which further forms small living molecules i.e., non-living substance com­bined to form large living molecules.

Answer 5.
a-Streptokinase
b- Trichoderma, polysporum
c – Immuno suppressant,
d – Statins.

Answer 6.
a. Hydrogen → Ammonia → Amino acid → Protein → Nucleic acid,
b. Miller and Urey in their experiment cre­ated a condition which was similar to that of the primitive earth. In this experiment, they created an electric discharge in a closed flask containing methane (CH4), Hydro­gen (H2), ammonia (NH3) and water vapour at 800 °C. After one week, they analysed the chemical composition of the liquid inside the apparatus and found a large number of simple organic compounds including some amino acids.

Answer 7.
a. Low level of innate immunity to Sujitha.
b.
1. Physical barriers (skin, a mucous coating of epithelium lining the respiratory, gastrointestinal and urogenital tracts).
2. Physiological barriers (Acid in the mouth, saliva in mouth and enzyme, lysozyme found in tears from eye),
3. Cellular barriers (Leukocytes of our body like polymorpho-nuclear leukocytes (PMNL), monocytes, natural killer (a type of lymphocytes) in the blood and macrophages
4. Cytokine barriers (interferons).

Answer 8.
a. A – Inner cell mass B – Trophoblast
b. Trophoblast – Differentiates into extraembryonic membranes, eg., Amnion, Chorion etc.
Inner cell mass- Differentiates into an embryo.

Answer 9.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.25

Answer 10.
a. Yes.
b. Overexposure to allergens or pollutants in the metro cities.

Answer 11.
a. O’ group.
b. No. There is no sex specificity in blood group alleles.

Answer 12.
Antibiotics were considered to be very ef­fective against disease-causing bacteria. But within a few years of continuous use of an­tibiotic, new antibiotic-resistant bacteria will appear in the bacterial population. Sometimes bacterial population happens to contain one or a few bacteria having mutations which make them resistant to the antibiotic. Such resistant bacteria survive and multiply quickly. Soon the resistance providing gene become widespread and entire bacterial population become antibiotic resistant. It is an example of evolution by anthropogenic

Answer 13.
Monascus Purpurreus- Stain
Trichoderma Polysporum – Cyclosporin
Saccharomyces cervisiae – Ethanol
Streptokinase – a Blood clot

Answer 14.
t-RNA
It carries amino acids to the site of protein syn­thesis. It can read and pair with codons of m- RNA during translation.

Answer 15.
a. A – Blastomere, B-Morula
b. Trophoblast and Inner cell mass.
c. Trophoblast. The process is called implan­tation.

Answer 16.
a. Sexually Transmitted Diseases
b. Syphilis, Gonorrhoea.
c. 1. Avoid sex with unknown partners.
2. Always use condoms during coitus.

Answer 17.
a – Oestrogen,
b – Progesterone.
b.
i.FSH: It influences the maturation of Graffian Follicles and the secretion of Oestrogen.
ii. LH: It stimulates ovulation, development of Corpus Luteum and secretion of progesterone.
c.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Papers Paper 2.26

Answer 8.a.

  1. Genetic level diversity
  2. Species-level diversity
  3. Ecosystem-level diversity

b.
1.Habitat loss and fragmentation: It is due to cutting down trees, ploughing a grass­land, filling a wetland or burning a forest. The fragmentation of forest due to hu­man activities also lead to loss of biodiversity.

2. Over exploitation: Biodiversity satisfies all human needs. But when the need turns to greed, it leads to the over ex­ploitation of nature and natural resources.

3. Alien species invasions: Introduction of alien species (exotic species) into a new habitat by man may adversely affect the indigenous (native) species.

4. Co-extinctions: When a species becomes extinct, the animal or plant associated with it also becomes extinct.

Plus Two Zoology Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two Zoology Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1 with Answers

Board SCERT
Class Plus Two
Subject Zoology
Category Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers

Time: 1 Hour
Cool off time : 10 Minutes
Maximum : 30 Score

General Instructions to Candidates :

  • There is a ‘cool off time’ of 10 minutes each for Botany and Zoology in addition to the writing time of 1 hour each. Further, there is ‘5 minutes’ ‘Preparatory Time’ at the end of the Botany Examination and before the commencement of Zoology Examination.
  • You are not allowed to write your answers nor to discuss anything with others during the ‘cool off time’ and ‘Preparatory time’.
  • Use the ‘cool off time’ to get familiar with the questions and to plan your answers.
  • Read questions carefully before answering.
  • All questions are compulsory and the only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Calculations, figures, and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
  • Malayalam version of the questions is also provided.
  • Give equations wherever necessary.
  • Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.

I. Answer All questions. Each question carries 1 score. (3 × 1 = 3)

Question 1.
The middle layer of uterus is called ………….
Answer:
Myometrium

Question 2.
Find the odd one out
1. Trichoderma polysporum
2. Clostridium butylicum
3. Acetobacteraceti
4. Aspergillus niger
Answer:
1. Trichoderma polysporum

Question 3.
Study the relationship between the first two words and fill the blank space with a suitable word.
Pneumonia – Streptococcus pneumoniae
Typhoid – ……………
Answer:
Salmonella typhi

II. Answer any 9 of the questions. Each question carries 2 scores. (9 × 2 = 18)

Question 4.
From an infertility clinic a doctor advised a childless couple to undergo GIFT.
1. Expand GIFT
2. Mention the steps involved in this procedure
Answer:
1. Gamete intrafallopian transfer
2. At first egg collected from donor, then it is transferred into fallopian tube of another female who cannot produce but they can provide suitable environment for the fertilization and further development.

Question 5.
Vasectomy and tubectomy are said to be effective and irreversible contraceptive methods.
Differentiate between these two methods.
Answer:
Vasectomy:
It is the sterilization procedure in male hear a small part of Vas deferens is removed or tied up through a small incision on the scrotum

Tubectomy:
It is the sterilization procedure in female here a small part of fallopian tube is removed or tied up through a small incision in the abdomen or through vagina.

Question 6.
Construct a monohybrid cross between homozygous violet and white coloured flowers of a pea plant.
How can one determine whether the F1 progenies are homozygous or heterozygous?
Answer:
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1, 1
b) Test cross

Question 7.
From a clinical laboratory Ramu’s blood group was identified as ‘AB’ group. But his father has ‘A’ blood group and mother has ‘B’ blood group.
a) Is Ramu’s blood group identification correct?
b) Substantiate your answer using co-dominance principle
Answer:
a) Yes
b) Genotype of Ramu’s Father and mother are either IAIA or IAi and IBIB or IBi respectively.

Genotype of AB blood group is IAIB. AB blood group is heterozygous but here both alleles ex-press their own type of sugar, it an example for codominance, It is an deviation from Mendelian principle.

Question 8.
Identify the syndromes ‘A’ and ‘B’.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1, 2
Answer:
A) Down’s syndrome
B) Turner’s syndrome

Question 9.
Complete the flow chart of Southern blot hybridization.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1, 3
c) Mention two uses of DNA fingerprinting.
Answer:
A) Digestion of DNA by restriction endonucleases
B) Transferring of separated DNA fragments to synthetic membrane such as nitrocellulose or nylon.
C) 1. To identify the criminal.
2. To solve paternity dispute.

Question 10.
Read the following statements and answer the following questions.
1. A genetic material should be able to generate its replica
2. A genetic material should not provide scope for mutation
3. A genetic material should be able to express itself in the form of mendelian characters.
a) Choose the correct statements from the above.
b) Rewrite the wrong statement to correct one.
Answer:
a) 1. A genetic material should be able to generate its replica
2. A genetic material should not provide scope formulation.

b) A genetic material should provide the scope for slow changes (mutation) that are required for evolution.

Question 11.
Observe the given diagram and answer the following questions.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1, 4
1. Identify the above process
2. Name the enzyme required to polymerise the DNA strand
3. Name the enzyme required to join the discontinuous strands.
4. In eukaryotes replication of DNA occurs at ……….. phase of cell cycle.
Answer:
1. DNA replication
2. DNA dependent DNA polymerase
3. DNA Ligase
S – Phase

Question 12.
Diagrammatic representation of Miller experiment is given below. Answer the following questions.
1. Name ‘A’and B’
2. From those given below choose the new molecules obtained by other scientists from similar experiments
(Amino acid, Protein, Sugar, fat, Alkaloid, pigments, flavanoid)
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1, 5
Answer:
1) A – CH4
B – NH3
2) Sugar, Fat, Pigments

Question 13.
A collection of moths made in England during 1850, supported evolution by natural selection. Write a note on the process of natural selection on months influenced by industrialization.
Answer:
Before industrialization white coloured lichen covered the trees in that background white winged moth survived but dark coloured moth where picked out by predators.

After industrial revolution tree trunk became dark due to industrial smoke and suit, under this condition white winged moth did not survived due to predators dark winged or melanised Moth survived this showed that in a mixed population those that can better adapted survive and increase in population.

Question 14.
1. Name the yeast used for the commercial production of ethanol.
2. Name the yeast used for the production of statins.
Answer:
1) Brewer’s Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
2) Monascus purpureus

Answer any 3 of the following. Each carries 3 scores. (3 × 3 = 9)

Question 15.
Arrange the following names in ascending order of evolution.
Homosapiens, Ramapithecus, Australopithecines, Homo habilis, Neanderthal, Homo erectus
Answer:
Ramapithecus – Australopithecines – Homo Habilis – Homo erectus – Neanderthal man – Homo sapiens

Question 16.
Prepare a hand out to educate students about the symptoms of the dreaded disease cancer, its detection and treatment.
Answer:
Symptoms of cancer:
It is uncontrolled and unwanted multiplication of some kind of cell

Detection:
Biopsy and histopathological studies and MRI scan

Treatment:
Radiation therapy immunotherapy

Question 17.
“The accelerated rates of species extinction that the world is facing today is largely due to human activities”.
Do you agree with this statement. Justify your answer.
Answer:
Yes
i) Habitat loss and fragmentation:
This is the most important cause of extinction of animals and plants.
The degradation of many habitats by pollution affects the survival of many species. It results large habitats are broken up into small fragments

ii) Over-exploitation:
It leads to the over-exploitation of natural resources.
It leads to the over-exploitation of natural resources. For example the extinction of Steller’s sea cow, passenger pigeon was due to humans

Question 18.
Plus Two Zoology Model Question Paper 1, 6
1. Name ‘A’ and ‘B’ from the above diagram.
2. Describe the following terms
a) Capping
b) Tailing
Answer:
1. A) RNA
B) RNA polymerase

2. a) Capping: In Eukaryotes methyl guanosine triphosphate is added to the 5′-end of hnRNA.
b) Tailing: In tailing, adenylate residues are added at 3′-end of mRNA in a template-independent manner.