Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Solutions Chapter 8 Resource Wealth of India

Kerala State Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Solutions Chapter 8 Resource Wealth of India

Question 1.
Identify the factors of India’s development.

  • Transport
  • Energy production
  • Agriculture
  • Mining

Question 2.
What geographical factors are favourable for the cultivation of diverse crops in India?

  • Suitable agricultural climate that extends throughout the year.
  • Fertile soil.
  • Diverse topography.
  • Monsoon rain and Irrigation facilities.

Question 3.
List the food crops and cash crops of India.

Food crops Cash crops
Rice, wheat, bajra, ragi, jowar, maize, barley, pulses Sugarcane, cotton, jute, tea, coffee, rubber, spices.

Question 4.
The map shows the distribution of rice cultivation in India. Analyse-it and answer the questions.
Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Solutions Chapter 8 Resource Wealth of India 1
a. Which are the Indian states that cultivate rice?
b. Which are the major rice-producing states?
c. Which are the major rice-producing regions in India?
a. West Bengal, Assam, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab.
b. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh.
c. Ganga plain and delta regions.

  • East coast plains.
  • West coast plains.
  • Northeast hilly regions.

Question 5.
The map shows the distribution of wheat cultivation in India. Analyse-it and answer the questions.
a. Which are the Indian states that cultivate wheat?
Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Solutions Chapter 8 Resource Wealth of India 2
b. Name the major wheat producing states in India.
c. Which are the regions where wheat is mainly cultivated in India?
a. Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, West
b. Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana.
c. Ganga – Sutlej belt Black soil region in Deccan.

Question 6.
Wheat is not cultivated in Kerala. Why?
The geographical conditions of Kerala are not suitable for wheat cultivation.

Question 7.
Analyse the map and answer the questions.
Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Solutions Chapter 8 Resource Wealth of India 3
a. Which are the major sugarcane producing states of India?
b.Name the major regions cultivating sugarcane in India.
a. Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana and Bihar.
b.North Indian plains • Deccan plateau

Question 8.
All sugar mills are concentrated near sugar cane producing regions. Why?
Sugarcane harvested must be immediately brought to factories to extract the juice out of it. Otherwise the amount of surcose in the sugar cane might decrease.

Question 9.
What are the raw materials for agro-based industries?
Sugarcane, cotton, jute, rubber.

Question 10.
Which are the major agro-based industries in India?
Sugar industry, cotton textile industry, jute industry, rubber industry, etc.

Question 11.
Identify the Indian states where sugar factories are located.
Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu.

Question 12.
Name the fibre crop which is the major cash crop in India and is also known as ‘Universal fibre ’.

Question 13.
Find out the states in which cotton is cultivated.
Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Telengana, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu.

Question 14.
Maharashtra leads in cotton cultivation. Mumbai in Maharashtra is the most important cotton textile centre in India. What are the reasons for this?’

  • Easy availability of raw materials from neighbouring regions.
  • Human resource availability.
  • The cheap availability of power.
  • Availability of freshwater
  • Export and import facilities of Mumbai port.
  • Humid climate.

Question 15.
List of centres of cotton textile industry and the states in which key are located.

Centres of cotton textile industry State
Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Rajkot, Porbandar, Surat Gujarat
Mumbai, Pune, Aurangabad, Jalgaon, Wardha, Sholapur, Sangli, Kolhapur, Nagpur Maharashtra
Hubli, Bellary, Devagote, Bengaluru, Mysuru Karnataka
Salem, Coimbatore. Madurai. Tuticorin, TirunelveIi Thanjavur, Chennai Tamil Nadu
Warangal. Hyderabad Telangana
Guntur Andhra Pradesh
Hugh, Kolkata, Howra Murshidabad Hugh, Kolkata, Howra Murshidabad
Varanasi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Aligarh, Moradabad. Saharanpur Uttar Pradesh
Gwalior, Ujjain, Dewas, Indore. Burhanpur Madhya Pradesh

Question 16.
Agro-based industries in India using cash crops.

Cash crops Agro-based industries
Cotton Cotton textile industry
Jute Jute industry
Rubber Footwear, Sports goods, Cables, Cushions.

Iron ore is called the backbone of modern civilization.
Iron is a mineral used by all countries of the world. As iron tools and machines are inevitable, iron is considered as the basis of all industries. Iron ore is the raw material for iron and steel industry. Iron and steel industry has laid the foundation for rapid industrialisation in India. Iron and steel are the essential constituents of railway lines, engines, ships, motor vehicles and machines. They are essential for the construction of bridges and buildings. The availability of iron helps in the making of tools and things for the cultural progress also.

Question 17.
List the Indian states with iron are deposits.

  • West Bengal
  • Odisha
  • Jharkhand
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Karnataka
  • Telangana
  • Goa
  • Tamil Nadu

Question 18.
The Iron and steel industries of India are set I up at places where the raw materials are j available. Why? ;
Iron ore, coal, manganese and limestone are the ;
essential raw materials for iron and steel industry. All the raw materials of iron and steel industry are heavy and very difficult to transport to distant places. So iron and steel industries are located where the deposits of raw materials are available.

Question 23.
Tea is cultivated in Idukki and Wayanad districts of Kerala. What are the factors favouring this?
Idukki and Wayanad districts have geographical factors favourable for the cultivation of tea like hill slopes having an annual rainfall range of 200 to 250 cm, 25°C to 30°C of temperature and soil rich in humus content.

Question 24.
What was the role of spices in attracting Europeans to India?
Spices are used to add flavour to food and to make medicines. The importance of spices and their
availability in India attracted the Europeans to India.

Question 25.
The fall in the price to rubber affects Kerala the most. Why?
Kerala is the leading producer of rubber in India, contributing to 91 %.

Question 26.
Petroleum deposits are mostly confined to the coastal regions. Why?
Petroleum deposits are generally formed in sedimentary rock layers. Sedimentary rocks are formed at ocean depths due to the deposition of sediments there. So petroleum deposits are mostly confined to the coastal regions.

  • Question 27.
    Which are the National Highways passing through Kerala?
  • NH 47 (NH 544) – Salem – Kanyakumari
  • NH 49 (NH 85) – Cochin – Dhanushkodi
  • NH 17 (NH 66) – Panavel – Edappally

Question 28.
The density of roads is moreover the northern plains, but less over the northeastern states. Why?
The construction of roads is less expensive and can be done quickly in the northern plains due to level topography. Moreover, human settlements are more here. The northeastern states have undulated topography, thick forests and less human settlements.

Question 29.
Identify the railway zone to which the rail network of Kerala belongs. Where is its headquarters?

  • Southern Railway
  • Chennai

Question 30.
Is there any metro rail project in Kerala?
The only metro rail project in Kerala is Kochi metro rail project.

Question 31.
How many international airports are there in Kerala? Which are they?
There are 4 international airports in Kerala.

  1. Trivandrum International Airport. Trivandrum.
  2. Kochi International Airport, Kochi.
  3. Karippur International Airport, Kozhikode.
  4. Kannur International Airport, Kannur.

Question 32.
Starts cultivation at the end of the winter season and harvests before the monsoon rains. Identify the agricultural season to which the statement is related. Which are the major crops cultivated in this season?
Season: Zaid
Crops: Fruits, Vegetables.

Question 33.
Sugar mills are confined to sugarcane producing regions. Why?
The sugarcane harvested must be immediately brought to the factories in order to extract juice out of it. Otherwise, the amount of sucrose in the sugarcane might decrease.

Question 34.
Make short notes.
i. Golden quadrangle
ii. Universal fibre
i. Golden quadrangle: The six-lane superhighways connecting the metropolitan cities in India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata are together named as Golden Quadrangle Super Highway.
ii. Universal fibre: Cotton is called universal fibre because it is used worldwide in textile sector.

Question 35.
Identify the ports mentioned.
i. Southernmost port of India.
ii. Major port in Karnataka.
iii. Major port other them Kolkata in West Bengal
i. Tuticorin
ii. Mangalore
iii. Haldia

Question 36.
Identify the mineral resource for which the following places are known.
i. Neyveli
ii. Jharia
iii. Digboi
i. Neyveli – Lignite
iii. Digboi – Petroleum
ii. Jharia – Coal

Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Solutions