Kerala State Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Solutions Chapter 11 Sociology: What? Why?
How is creative writing different from the study of sociology?
- In creative writing, writing is based on imagination and creativity. Sociological study analyses social issues and subjects scientifically.
- Creative writer depicts social events on aesthetic realm. Social scientist analyses social conditions on a cause-effect basis.
- Creative writing aims at appreciation. Social scientist analyses society objectively.
What is Sociology? Why do we study Sociology? Name the early sociologists.
- Sociology is the scientific study of the social aspects of human life. It is the scientific study of the mutual relationship between man and his sociological environment.
- What is the need of sociological study?
- Helps to formulate the right perspective of society.
- Helps to know the relation between individual and social institutions.
- Helps to find solutions for social problems.
- Helps to get an objective knowledge of one’s society and other societies.
- Studies social problems precisely.
- Provide guidance to social welfare measures by conducting studies on the backward classes, the exploited and those who have faced discrimination and oppression.
- Benefits social planning and development.
- The early sociological thinkers were Auguste Comte,Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx,Emile Durkheim and Max Weber.
Which are the important areas of Sociology?
- Social institutions
- Social groups
- Social problems
- Social conflicts
- Social control
- Social changes
- Social relations
What are the objectives of the study of Sociology?
- Intellectual development of the one who studies Sociology.
- Helps to develop an objective outlook on society.
- Helps to tackle or solve social issues.
- Helps to understand about the interrelationship between individual and society.
How does social survey, a major methodology of Sociology help to understand the society?
- Social survey helps to formulate a comprehensive view of the topic based on the data collected from a group of selected people.
- Social survey not only helps to understand about the social progress, but also about the social evils prevailing in the society.
- Social survey helps to know about the social issues or problems existing in the society.
Differentiate between observation and interview.
|Information is collected orally||Truthfully records whatever is seen, heard and experienced.|
|Conversation between the interviewer and interviewee||Information is collected directly and it helps in correct assessment.|
|Close (minute) analysis of an individuals’ attitudes, views, beliefs and habits.||Language, culture and behaviour patterns are subjected to observation|
You have to collect data on the transport problems faced by your friends to reach school. Prepare a questionnaire on this.
- Do you face any transport problem to reach school?
- Which are the modes of transport your classmates depend on?
- What is the main reason for the transport problem of your schoolmates?
- What are the problems faced by students travelling in KSRTC buses?
- What are the problems faced by the students who travel by private vehicles like van and autorickshaw?
- What is the difficulty of students travelling by bicycles?
- What are the difficulties of students who come on foot to school?
- Have you brought the transport problems to the attention of the authorities?
- Have the authorities taken any step to solve your travelling difficulties?
- What steps have the school authorities taken to solve the travelling difficulty?
What are the practical applications of Sociology?
Sociology has developed into as a branch of science which is effective in the day to day affairs of the society. Sociologists who are experienced in research are needed today in various fields like administration and planning, social welfare, advertisements, media and educational activities.
Discuss the importance of the study of Sociology’.
Sociology is the scientific study of the mutual relationship between man and his environment. So Sociology is considered as a comprehensive study of society.
Sociological study has great importance today. The study of Sociology helps to know the relation between individual and social institutions, to get an objective knowledge of one’s society and other societies and for a precise study of social issues. It helps to formulate the right perspective of society. Sociology also helps for an indepth study about the different aspects of the present complex society.