You can Download Food Through Digestive Tract Questions and Answers, Summary, Activity, Notes, Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Solutions Part 1 Chapter 2 help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.
Kerala State Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Solutions Chapter 2 Food Through Digestive Tract
Food Through Digestive Tract Textual Questions and Answers
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Chapter 2 Question 1.
What are the nutrients we get from food?
Carbohydrate, Protein, Fat, Minerals, vitamins & water.
Food Through Digestive Tract Class 9 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 2.
Complete the table given below.
|Carbohydrate||Produce calories and provide energy to body|
|Protein||Produce amino acids and helpful for growth.|
|Fat||Produce calories and provide energy.|
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Chapter 2 English Medium Question 3.
Illustrate & identify the different parts of the digestive system.
Food Through Digestive Tract Class 9 Kerala Syllabus Question 4.
What are the functions performed by the nutrients in our body – Prepare a table?
|Carbohydrate||Produce calories + Provide energy to body.|
|Protein||Produce amino acids & helpful in growth.|
|Fat||Produce calories & provide energy|
|Minerals||Like Ca, K, sodium, and Iron helpful in bone formation. Kidney function and blood formation|
|Vitamins||Like Vitamin E- Blood formation Vitamin D – Bone strengthening Vitamin A – Healthy eyesight|
|Water||Blood formation & proper functioning of all body organs.|
Food Inside Mouth
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Question 5.
State true or false
a) Vitamin A is required to the healthy eyesight
b) Incisor helps to bite and cut the food
c) Molar helps to tear the food
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Malayalam Medium Chapter 2 Question 6.
Complete the Illustration
Canine: Helps to tear the food
Premolar: Helps to chew at the food
Molar: Helps to chew the food
9th Class Biology Chapter 2 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 7.
What do you mean by digestion?
Digestion is the process of conversion of complex food materials into simple absorbable forms.
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes English Medium Question 8.
…………. helps to tear the food?
Kerala Syllabus Biology 9th Standard Question 9.
Molar helps to the food
9th Biology Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 10.
The process of digestion begins from the.
9th Class Biology Book Chapter 2 Kerala Syllabus Question 11.
……….. helps to chew the food
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Pdf Question 12.
……… helps to bite and cut the food
Enamel is the hardest part in our body. It is white in color. It is a dead tissue seen in the out layer of our teeth.
What is the role of the tongue in the digestive system?
The tongue mixes food items with saliva and helps the teeth to masticate it. It taste buds in the tongue also help us to sense taste.
………. is the living tissue which forms the tooth.
……… is a calcium-containing connective tissue that holds the tooth in the socket of the gum.
………….. is the soft connective tissue seen in the pulp cavity.
Complete the word relation
Enamel: dead tissue
……….: living tissue
Saliva And Digestion
Where is saliva produced?
Saliva is produced in the Salivary glands.
Write a note on the significance of salivary glands?
There are three pairs of salivary glands in the mouth. The saliva secreted from the salivary glands contains mucus and enzymes like salivar amylase & lysozyme.
……… makes the food slimy, so that it can be swallowed.
………….. helps to destroy the germs that enter the body through food.
……….. partially converts starch to maltose?
What are the components of saliva?
Mucus and enzymes like salivary amylase and lysozyme
Complete the word relation.
Salivary amylase: ………….
Lysozyme: destroy germs
When iodine added to starch color appears.
Food Through Oesophagus
Complete the illustration?
Trachea begins from the
From the mouth, food enters the………. through the pharynx
Prepare a flow chart regarding the swallowing of food?
Mouth → buccal cavity → pharynx → Oesophagus → food into the stomach.
Observe the illustration and write down the questions below.
1. What is the role of uvula?
2 compresses the food into balls with the help of plate?
3. State whether true or false?
The trachea tilts up and it is closed by the epiglottis
- Uvula doses the nasal cavity that opens to the pharynx
How does the food we swallowed enter the esophagus properly without entering the trachea? Explain?
The Tongue compresses the food into balls with the help of the palate. That time Ovula closes the nasal cavity that opens to the pharynx and the trachea tilts up and it is closed by the epiglottis.
Food Inside The Stomach
Food reaches the stomach by
What do you mean by peristalsis?
Peristalsis is the wave-like movement of the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.
What is the role of peristalsis in the process of digestion?
Peristalsis in the stomach converts foods into a pastelike form.
What are the changes that happen to food while it is in the stomach?
Peristalsis in the stomach converts food into a paste-like form. Special kind of circular muscles present in the posterior part of stomach retains food for a specific period. Different components in the gastric juice, secreted by the glands in the stomach wall also play a very important role in the process of digestion.
Complete the illustration
a) Pepsin – Converts protein to peptones partially
b) Hydrochloric acid
c) Mucus: Protects the stomach wall from the action of digestive Juices
What is the role of Hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice?
Hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice kills germs in the food. It also regulates pH for the digestion in the stomach.
………….. protects the stomach wall from the action of digestive juices.
………….. converts protein to peptones partially
……………. regulates pH for the digestion in stomach.
Food In The Small Intestine
Define Liver and its main function?
Liver is the largest solid organ in the body situated in the upper part of the abdomen on the right side. The main function of liver is to filter the blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing it to the rest of the body.
What is the role of gall bladder?
The excess bile secreted by the Liver is stored in the gall bladder.
………… secretes pancreatic juice
Complete the table given below.
|Protein||Trypsin||….. … (b)|
|…………(c)||Pancreatic lipase||Glycerol +……….. (d)|
|Fat||Pancreatic lipase||Glycerol + Fatty acid|
Complete the word relation.
Pancreas: Pancreatic juice
Pancreatic juice contains the enzymes …………. & ……………
Amylase, lipase, trypsin
Prepare a flow chart showing the role of pancreas in the process of digestion?
Complete the word relation.
Peptidase converts peptides to …………..
………. converts lactose to glucose & galactose.
Prepare a flow chart showing the digestion within the small intestine?
Small Intestine → Intestinal glands →
Intenstinal juice → Peptidase → Peptides → AminoAcids
Explain the action of disaccharidases?
Disaccharidases like Maltose converts maltose to glucose, Lactase converts lactose to glucose and galactose and sucrase converts sucrose to glucose and fructose.
Which are the end products formed after digestion? Write in table.
Which are the nutrients that do not undergo digestion?
Which are the simple components formed by the digestion of protein, fat, and carbohydrate?
Protein: amino acids and glycerol
Fat: fatty acid and glycerol
Carbohydrate: Monosasacchrides (glucose, fructose, galactose).
The small intestine of humans is about ………… long.
5 to 6 meters.
illustrate the structure & position of villus?
State whether true or false.
a) Movement of food through the small intestine is very fast.
b) Many foldings are seen in the inner wall of small intestine.
Small intestine is seen in the
What are Villi?
Villas are small finger-like projections seen in the walls of the intestine.
Fatly acids and glycerol are absorbed to the ………… of villus.
……… are small finger-like projections seen on the walls of the intestine.
What is the function of villi? Write down your interference?
Villi increase the area of absorption of nutrients to a great extent within the small intestine. They also contain blood capillaries & lacteals, the lymph capillaries. Absorption of nutrients & 90% of water absorption take place in the villi.
……….. are the lymph capillaries?
Villi are covered with ……………
Single-layer of cells
‘Diffusion does not require energy’ Kalyani said to Ishan. Do you agree with Kalyani’s opinion? Why? )
Yes. Diffusion is the movement of molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration. By diffusion, molecules move across the cell through the cell membrane. This process continues till the concentration becomes equal in both sides of the membrane. So this process does not require any energy.
Absorption of fatty acids and glycerol into lacteals is the example of
What do you mean by facilitated diffusion?
Diffusion of certain molecules with the help of protein molecules in the cell membrane is called facilitated diffusion.
Asha stated that “Absorption of water in the small intestine and the large intestine is an example of Osmosis” Do you agree? Substantiate your answer by explaining the term osmosis?
Osmosis is the movement of water molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration across a semi-permeable mebrane. This process continues till the concentration becomes equal. It can be stated that in small intestine and large intestine water molecules move from a region of higher concentration to a region on lower concentration.
Explain the process of Active Transport?
The process by which molecules are absorbed with the help of carrier Proteins against the concentration gradient is called active transport.
Absorption of glucose and salt are examples of
Complete the word relation:
Osmosis: absorption of water
…………: absorption of amino acid.
Which are the process that help in the transport and substances in cells?
Diffusion & Osmosis
Differences and similarities between Diffusion and Osmosis – Prepare a table.
|Molecules move across the cell through the cell membrane from a higher concentration to a lower concentration Energy is not required Absorption of fatty acids and glycerol into lacteals||Water molecules move from a region from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration across a semi-permeable membrane Energy is not utilized Absorption of water in the intestine|
How does diffusion differ from facilitated diffusion?
Diffusion is the movement of molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration but facilitated diffusion is the diffusion of certain molecules with the help of protein molecules in the cell membrane.
What is the difference noticed in active transport when compared to other processes?
In Active transport energy is needed by other process energy is not needed.
In And Out Of Large Intestine
The digestive wastes left after the absorption of nutrients move towards the …………
Bacteria residing in the large intestine produced ………….
Absorption of vitamin K takes place in the ………….
What are the main ideas that can include in the seminar relationship between food and health?
- Importance of roughage for a healthy digestive system.
- Health issues created by junk food and fast food.
- Harmful chemical substances added to food to enhance its taste and color.
Let Us Assess
Identify the correct statement with regard to bile.
a) Secreted in liver
b) Enzymes are seen
c) Secreted into the stomach
d) Converts fat into tiny particles
a) Secreted in liver
Complete the table related to the process of digestion in humans.
Part of digestive tract
|Mouth||……. (a) …….||Starch → Maltose|
|………… (b)||Pepsin||……… (c)|
|Small intestine||……. (d)||Maltose → glucose|
|……… (e)||Peptidase||…… (f)|
Part of digestive tract
|Mouth||Salivary amylase||Starch → Maltose|
|Stomach||Pepsin||Proteins → Peptones|
|Small intestine||Maltase||Maltose → glucose|
|Intestinal gland Peptidase||Peptidase||Peptides → amino acids.|
Food Through Digestive Tract Additional Question and Answers
Illustrate the process of Osmosis
How much time is required for the completion of digestion?
4 to 5 hours
“You should take food only after an interval of 4 hours” – said Arun to Archa. What is your opinion?
The process of digestion is completed through many complex actions. It requires 4 to 5 hours. Hence it is necessary to arrange the intake of food accordingly keeping an interval of four hours between the intake.
Doctor advised Minnu who had a complaint of stomach pain to avoid cool drinks like cola &junk food. What can be the reason for this advice? Point out your opinion?
The nutrients required for our health are derived from our food. If we choose food only on the basis of taste, we may not get all the required nutrients. Regular use of colo drinks & junk foods are not good for our health. Therefore try to take all types of food instead of giving priority to cola & junk food.
Prepare a poster on ‘Good food habits’
- Eat plenty of fruits & vegetables every day
- Eat less unhealthy food
- Balance your food choices over time. (Draw a suitable picture using these ideas).