You can Download Breathing for Energy Questions and Answers, Summary, Activity, Notes, Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Solutions Part 1 Chapter 4 help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.
Kerala State Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Solutions Chapter 4 Breathing for Energy
Breathing for Energy Textual Questions and Answers
……… is essential for releasing energy from nutrients.
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Chapter 4 Question 2.
Oxygen from the atmospheric air is taken into the body through the ………. system.
Breathing For Energy Class 9 Kerala Syllabus Question 3.
List of important parts of the respiratory system in humans?
Nostril, Nasal Cavity, Trachea, Bronchus, Bronchiole, Alveolus, Pleura, and Diaphragm
Breathing For Energy Class 9 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 4.
……….. is the pathway which extends from the external nostrils to the internal alveoli.
The respiratory tract
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Chapter 4 English Medium Question 5.
An opening through which air passes in and out of the body is called
Class 9 Biology Chapter 4 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 6.
……….. connects nostrils with the pharynx
Class 9 Biology Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 7.
State whether true or false
There are no cartilaginous rings in the bronchioles
Biology 9th Class Chapter 4 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 8.
Which part of respiratory system takes place in the exchange of gases?
9th Class Biology Notes Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 9.
……… is the double-layered protective membrane of the lungs.
9th Class Biology Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 10.
What is the function of pleura?
Pleural fluid seen in between the membraneous layers prevents friction between lungs and walls of the thoracic cavity. ‘
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Question 11.
Complete the word relation
Bronchus: cartilaginous rings
………..: no cartilaginous rings
Class 9 Biology Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 12.
……… is a long tube strengthened by ‘C’ shaped cartilaginous rings
Biology Class 9 Chapter 4 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 13.
Which is the muscular wall that separates thoracic and abdominal cavities?
Class 9 Biology Notes Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 14.
Prepare a table of parts and functions of the respiratory system.
9th Biology Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 15.
Complete the flow chart of the pathway of atmospheric air from the nostrils to the alveoli
Nostrils → Nasal cavity → Trachea → Bronchus Bronchiole → Alveoli
Atmospheric Air In To Lungs
9th Class Biology Chapter 4 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 16.
What helps in variation in volume of the thoracic cavity?
The combined working of intercostal muscles and the diaphragm help in increasing and decreasing the volume of the thoracic cavity.
9 Class Biology Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 17.
In humans, tidal volume is about …….. ml
Biology Class 9 Chapter 4 Kerala Syllabus Question 18.
Complete the table given below
|3||Volume of thoracic cavity|
|4||Pressure in the thoracic cavity|
|1||Contracts and straightens||Diaphragm||relaxes|
|3||Increases||Volume of thoracic cavity||decreases|
|4||decreases||Pressure in the thoracic cavity||increases|
|5||enters in||air||expelled out|
Biology Chapter 4 Class 9 Kerala Syllabus Question 19.
What is the surface area of the skin that covers the entire body?
2 sq. mtrs
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Biology Notes Malayalam Medium Chapter 4 Question 20.
Surface area of both the lungs together turn up to be at least…. sq. mtrs.
Exchange Of Gases In The Alveoli
Biology Chapter 4 Class 9 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 21.
How far is the structure of alveoli suitable for the exchange of respiratory gases like oxygen and carbon dioxide?
Alveoli increase the respiratory surface area in lungs. The large surface area help in the easy exchange of respiratory gases.
Class 9 Chapter 4 Biology Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 22.
Explain the exchange of gases in alveoli?
Alveoli increase the respiratory surface area in lungs. This large surface area help in the easy exchange of respiratory gases. Alveoli are surrounded by numerous capillaries. The inner wall of the alveoli is always kept moist. During inspiration, the concentration of oxygen inside the alveoli is higher than that of blood capillaries whereas the concentration of carbon dioxide in blood capillaries is higher than that of alveoli. As a result oxygen from the alveoli diffuses to the capillaries and carbon dioxide from capillaries diffuses to the alveoli
Biology Class 9 Chapter 4 Question Answers Kerala Syllabus Question 23.
The average amount of hemoglobin in a healthy man is
15gm/100 ml blood
Chapter 4 Biology Class 9 Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 24.
15gm/100 ml blood : Haemoglobin: man
……… : Haemoglobin: Woman
13 gm/100ml blood
Chapter 4 Biology Class 9 Kerala Syllabus Question 25.
Complete the flow chart given below
What is the compound formed by the combination of oxygen and hemoglobin?
……….. is caused when the amount of hemoglobin in the blood decreases.
To Release Energy
What do you mean by cellular respiration?
The process by which energy is released from glucose in cells is called cellular respiration.
Energy is released mainly from
Name the first phase in cellular respiration
Complete the table
|1. Part where the cellular respiration takes place||Cytoplasm,||mitochondria|
|2. Need of oxygen||not required,||required|
|3. Number of ATP molecules produced||2||28|
|4. Products||Pyruvic acid,||CO2 + H2O|
“Food containing iron should be taken included in diet,” said Sabari. Do you agree with this opinion? Why?
Yes. I agree with this opinion because iron molecules
are essential for the synthesis of hemoglobin
Complete the worksheet of cellular respiration?
Find the relation between respiration and photosynthesis and complete the table.
- Food production, energy released from glucose
- Dark reaction and light reaction, Glycolysis and Krebs’ cycle
- CO2 + water, Glucose + Oxygen
- Glucose + Oxygen, CO2 + water + 30 ATP
Expulsion Of Carbon Dioxide
Water is eliminated from the body in the form of…. & …..
Sweat and urine
What are the major byproducts of respiration?
Carbon dioxide and water
The …… & ………. changes back to carbon dioxide in the lungs.
Carbamino hemoglobin and bicarbonate.
When Carbon Dioxide Becomes Excessive
What is Homeostasis?
Maintenance of internal equilibrium by removal of harmful materials is called homeostasis.
How does increased amount of carbon dioxide affect the internal environment of our body?
Carbon dioxide formed by the cellular respiration combines with water present in and out of the cell to form carbonic acid and this increases the activity in the body, which in turn changes the internal environment.
What is the role of the respiratory system in maintaining homeostasis?
The respiratory system helps in the maintenance of homeostasis by eliminating carbon dioxide.
Respiration Without Oxygen
Prepare a flow chart relating to Anaerobic respiration
Name some microorganisms live without oxygen?
Bacteria, yeast, etc.
What is fermentation?
Fermentation is the process of the production of lactic acid or alcohol from glucose by anaerobic respiration.
Merits of Anaerobic respiration – prepare a flow chart
Yeast Fermenting batter to soften it
Lactobacillus bacteria Curding milk
Describe a circumstance anaerobic respiration takes place in human beings
During straneow exercise, energy utilization in muscles increases and the oxygen availability decreases. In such situations muscle cells produce energy by anaerobic
respiration and lactic acid is formed in the muscle cells.
How does butter become soft and puffy?
Fermentation helps the batter rise, become lighter and increase in volume making it double in size, thicker and fluffier.
Do Not Damage The Respiratory System
………. is an army in the lungs?
……… is the specialized cells seen in the alveoli that engulf dust particles and germs.
What are the instances that are harmful to lungs?
Dust, germs, chemicals, etc. which are contained in the air we breathe in.
Find out the protective mechanism of the respiratory system? Explain.
Nose, nasal cavity:
- Small hairs prevent dust and germs from entering the lungs.
- Dust particles and germs get entangled in the mucus secreted by the mucous membrane.
- Lysozyme present in the mucous destroys germs.
- Ciliary cells transport mucus that contains dust and germs to the pharynx and from there to the digestive tract.
- The germs and dust particles get entangled in the mucus secreted by the mucous cells(Goblet cells) and mucus glands seen throughout the tracheal wall.
- The cilia of ciliary cells in the tracheal wall move the mucus containing dust and germs to pharynx.
- Macrophages, the specialized cells seen in the alveoli, engulf dust particles and germs.
‘Smoking is injurious to health’ Rekha reminded Rajeev. Do you agree with Rekha? Justify your answer.
I agree with Rekha’s statement. Smoking is a bad habit that harmfully affects the human race. It not only affects the person who smokes but also affects the nearby persons who breathe the smoke. Carcinogens present in tobacco cause lung cancer. Alveoli rupture due to the loss of elasticity by the deposition of toxic substances contained in tobacco. This reduces the respiratory surface and reduces vital capacity. This stage is emphysema. The tar, carbon monoxide, etc. in tobacco leads to the deposition of mucus and the swelling of lungs due to the proliferation of germs in the alveoli. This stage is known as bronchitis.
Prepare a poster relating to anti-smoking
|Your mouth isn’t an Ashtray|
|Smoking is the stupidest way to commit suicide. Stop being silly.|
|Kill a cigarette and save a life|
What do you mean by Tidal volume?
Tidal volume is the volume of air we breathe in and out during a normal breathing.
What is vital capacity?
Vital capacity is the volume of air that can be breathed out by forceful expiration after maximum or forceful inspiration. ,
What can be taken as an indicator of normal and healthy respiratory capacity?
What is the vital capacity of men?
It is about 4.5 liters
What is the vital capacity of women?
about 3 liters
Respiration In Other Organism
Collect data on respiratory diversity in organisms and complete the table.
Do Plants Breathe
State whether true or false.
Plants also utilize glucose for the production of energy.
The oxygen needed for the oxidation of glucose is absorbed from ………….
………. are the centers of exchange of gases in plants.
Exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen takes place in stems and roots through ………….
Prepare a poster for environment day observation.
Let Us Assess
Reason for the diffusion of oxygen from alveoli to blood.
a) Low concentration of oxygen in blood.
b) As the walls of the alveoli and blood vessels are thin.
c) High concentration of oxygen in alveoli.
d) All of the above,
d) All of the above.
Observe the two reactions given below
C2H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy Reaction
a) Identify the process occurring in plants and in animals.
b) Which is the process that takes place only in plants?
a) C2H12O2 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy