Plus Two Business Studies Previous Year Question Paper Say 2018

Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two Business Studies Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.

Kerala Plus Two Business Studies Previous Year Question Paper Say 2018 with Answers

Class Plus Two
Subject Business Studies
Category Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers

Time : 2 1/2 Hours
Cool off time : 15 Minutes
Maximum : 80 Score

General Instructions to Candidates:

  • There is a ‘cool off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of 2 hrs.
  • Your are not allowed to write your answers nor to discuss anything with others during the ‘cool off time’.
  • Use the ‘cool off time’ to get familiar with the questions and to plan your answers.
  • Read questions carefully before you answering.
  • All questions are compulsory and only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Calculations, figures and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
  • Malayalam version of the questions is also provided.
  • Give equations wherever necessary.
  • Electronic devices except non programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.

Answer all questions from 1 to 7. Each carries 1 score. (7 × 1 = 7)

Question 1.
Which of the following is a function of middle level management?
a) Formulation of plans and policies.
b) Directly Oversee the efforts of workforce.
c) Cooperate with other departments for smooth functioning of the organization.
d) Analyse the Enviornment.
c) Co-operate with other departments for smooth functioning of the organization.

Question 2.
F. W. Taylor’s functional foremanship in an extension of Henry Fayol’s function.
a) Scalar chain
b) Order
c) Division of work
d) Discipline
c) Division of work.

Question 3.
Complete the series Globalisation: Integration of various economies of the world into a global economy.
Liberalisation: ……..?………
Minimise governmental restrictions.

Question 4.
Which of the following is not a part of the Responsibility Centre?
a) Cost centre
b) Profit centre
C) Investment centre
d) Management centre
d) Management centre

Question 5.
The cheapest sources of finance are………..
a) Equity share
b) Retained earnings
c) Preference share
d) Debenture
b) Retained earnings

Question 6.
The settlement cycle in NSE is ………..
a) T + 5
b) T + 3
c) T + 2
d) T + 1
c) T + 2

Question 7.
Which of the following firms emphasizes benefits to customers rather than product attributes?
a) Product concept
b) Market concept
c) Sales concept
d) Production concept
b) Market concept

Answer any 7 questions from 8 to 15. Each carries 2 scores. (2 × 1 = 2)

Question 8.
Write any two personal objects of management.

  1. Give adequate remuneration to employees
  2. Provide good working condition

Question 9.
“Communication from top to bottom should follow the official chain of command.”
a) Identify the principles of management mentioned above.
b) Name the shortcut proposed by Henry Fayol for speedy communication.
a) Scalar chain
b) GangPlank

Question 10.
List out any four types of tests used in the selection process.

  1. Intelligence tests
  2. Aptitude tests
  3. Personality test
  4. Trade test

Question 11.
Describe the concept of trading on equity.
It refers to the use of fixed income securities such as debentures and preference capital in the capital structure so as to increase the return of equity shareholders.

Question 12.
Draw the pattern of any two types of formal communication network.
a) Single chain: This chain network exists between a supervisor and his subordinates
Plus Two Business Studies Previous Year Question Paper Say 2018, 1

b) Wheel Network: In wheel network, all subordinates under one superior communicate through him only.
Plus Two Business Studies Previous Year Question Paper Say 2018, 2

Question 13.
Name any 2 important Acts framed to safeguard consumer interest in India.

  1. Consumer Protection Act 1986.
  2. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954.

Question 14.
Explain the importance of delegation. (any two)

  1. It reduces the workload of managers.
  2. It helps employee development.

1) Reduces the work load of managers: The managers are able to function more efficiently as they get more time to concentrate on important matters.
2) Employee development: Delegation empowers the employees by providing them the chance to use their skills, gain experience and develop themselves for higher positions.

Question 15.
Give any four features of marketing.
Features of Marketing:

  1. Needs and Wants: Marketing focuses on the satisfaction of the needs and wants of consumers.
  2. Creating a Market Offering: It refers to providing complete information about the product and services like name, type, price, size, etc.
  3. Customer Value: A buyer analyses the cost and the satisfaction that a product provides before buying it. The seller should manufacture the product keeping in view this tendency of the customer.
  4. Exchange Mechanism: The process of marketing involves the exchange of products and services. Exchange is the essence of marketing.

Answer any 4 questions from 16 to 20. Each carries 3 scores. (4 × 3 = 12)

Question 16.
Gopu argued that profit is the only organizational objectives of the business.
a) Do you agree with him?
b) Give reason
a) No, I disagree with him
b) Other organisational objectives of the business are

  • survival: Management must survive to ensure the survival of the organisation.
  • Profit: Management has to ensure that the organization makes a reasonable profit.
  • Growth: management must exploit fully the growth potential of the organisation.

Question 17.
“Though planning is an important tool of management, yet it is not a remedy to all problems.” Explain this statement.
Limitations of Planning:

  • Planning makes the activities rigid.
  • Long term plans are insignificant in the rapidly changing business environment.
  • It reduces creativity.

Question 18.
How can an organisation overcome the barriers to effective communication?
Measures to overcome barriers to communication:

  • The entire problem to be communicated should be studied in-depth, analysed, and stated in such a manner that is clearly conveyed to subordinates.
  • Communication must be according to the education and understanding levels of subordinates.
  • Before communicating the message, it is better to consult with subordinates.
  • The contents of the message, tone, language used, etc. are important aspects of effective communication.
  • While conveying a message to others, it is better to know the interests and needs of the receiver.
  • Ensure proper feedback.

Question 19.
Describe the features of a good brand name.
Qualities of a Good Brand Name:

  • The brand name should be short, easy to pronounce, spell, recognise and remember.
  • A brand should suggest the product’s benefits and qualities.
  • A brand name should be distinctive.
  • Brand name should be adaptable to packing or labelling requirements, to different advertising media and to different languages.
  • The brand name should be sufficiently versatile to accommodate new products.
  • It should be capable of being registered and protected legally.

Question 20.
Consumer grievances are redressed by the three tier machinery under the Consumer Protection Act. Name these three agencies and their jurisdiction limit.
1) District Forum: This is established in each district by the state government. The District Forum consists of a president and two other members. A complaint can be made to the appropriate District Forum when the value of the goods or services and compensation claimed does not exceed Rs. 20 lakh. In case the aggrieved party is not satisfied with the order of the District Forum, he can appeal before the State Commission within 30 days of the passing of the order.

2) State Commission: It is established by the state government. The State Commission consists of a president and not less than two other members. A complaint can be filed before the State Commission where the value of goods or services and the compensation claimed exceeds Rs. 20 lakh but does not exceed Rs. 1 crore.ln case the aggrieved party is not satisfied with the order of the State Commission he can appeal to the National Commission within 30 days of passing of the order.

3) National Commission: The National commission was constituted by the central government. The National Commission consists of a president and at least four other members. It is the apex body in the three-tier judicial machinery set up by the government for redressal of consumer grievances. All complaints pertaining to those goods dr services and compensation whose value is more than RS. 1 crore can be filed directly before the National Commission. An appeal can be filed against the order of the National Commission to the Supreme Court within 30 days from the date of order passed.

Answer any 4 questions from 21 to 25. Each carries 4 scores. (4 × 4 = 16)

Question 21.
Write one example of the following plans:
a) Rule
b) Policy
c) Programme
d) Objective
a) Rule – No smoking
b) Policy – Promotion is based on merit only
c) Programme – Three day training programme to mangers
d) Objects – Attain Rs. 20,00,000 profit

Question 22.
It is important for a business enterprise to understand its environment. Why?
Importance of Business Environment:

  1. Identification of opportunities: Environment provides numerous opportunities for business success. Early identification of opportunities helps an enterprise to be the first to exploit them.
  2. Identification of threats: Environmental awareness help managers to identify various threats on time and serves as an early warning signal.
  3. Tapping useful resources: Business environment helps to know the availability of resources and making them available on time.
  4. Coping with rapid changes: Environmental scanning enables the firms to adapt themselves to the changes in the market.

Question 23.
Explain the limitations of controlling.
Limitations of Controlling:

  • Difficulty in setting quantitative standards: Control system loses some of its effectiveness when standards cannot be defined in quantitative terms.
  • Little control on external factors: Generally an enterprise cannot control external factors such as government policies, technological changes, competition, etc.
  • Resistance from employees: Control is often resisted by employees. They see it as a restriction on their freedom.
  • Costly affair: Control is a costly affair as it involves a lot of expenditure, time and effort.

Question 24.
“Advertising misleads customers and increase the cost of product.”
a) Do you agree with this statement?
b) Give reason
a) Yes, I agree with this statement
b) Disadvantages of Advertising

  • Advertisement encourages consumers to buy unwanted goods.
  • Most of the advertisements are misleading.
  • Advertisement may lead to monopoly of a brand.
  • Advertisement is a costly affair. So, ultimately it increases the price of the product.


a) No. I diagree with this statement
b) Advantages of Advertising

  • Advertising helps in introducing hew products.
  • It stimulates the consumers to purchase the new products.
  • It helps the consumers to know about the various products and their prices.
  • Consumers can purchase the better products easily.
  • Advertisement helps to create more employment opportunities.
  • It provides an important source of income to the press, radio, T.V., etc.

Question 25.
“Entrepreneurship and Management are same.” Comment your views.
a) Entreprenuership and management are different

b) Difference between Entreprenurship and Management

  1. The main motive of an entrepreneur is to start a venture by setting up an enterprise.
  2. An entrepreneur is the owner of the enterprise.
  3. An entrepreneur assumes all risks and uncertainty.
  4. An entrepreneur gets profit.


  1. The main motive of a manager is to render his services in an enterprise already set up by someone.
  2. A manager is the servant in the enterprise.
  3. A manager does not bear any risk involved in the enterprise.
  4. A manager gets salary.

Answer any 3 questions from 26 to 29. Each carries 5 scores. (3 × 5 = 15)

Question 26.
Metro Ltd. engaged in the production of soap and it has purchase, production, marketing and finance departments.
a) Suggest a suitable organisation structure.
b) State any two merits and demerits of this organisation structure.
a) Functional Organisation Structure
b) Advantages

  1. It promotes division of work which leads to specialisation.
  2. It promotes control and coordination within a department.


  1. Each departmental head gives more importance to their departmental objectives than overall organisation objectives.
  2. In large functional organisations, taking quick decisions and co-ordination become difficult.

Question 27.
“It is the market for short terror funds which deals in financial assets whose period of maturity is upto one year.”
a) Identify the type of market referred above. (1)
b) Briefly explain the various instruments used in this market. (4)
a) Money Market
b) 1) commercIal Paper: Commercial paper is a short-term unsecured promissory note, negotiable and transferable by endorsement and delivery with a maturity period of 15 days to one year. It is sold at a discount and redeemed at par.

2) Call Money: Call money is short term finance repayable on demand, with a maturity period of one day to fifteen days, used for inter-bank transactions.

3) Certificate of Deposit: Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are short-term instruments issued by Commercial Banks and Special Financial Institutions (SFIs), which are freely transferable from one party to another. The maturity period of CDs ranges from 91 days to one year.

4) Commercial Bill: A commercial bill is a Bill of Exchange used to finance the working capital requirements of business firms. When goods are sold in credit, the seller draws the bill and the buyer accepts it. The seller can discount the bill before its maturity with the bank. When a trade bill is accepted by a commercial bank it is known as commercial bills.

Question 28.
Hantex offers 30% discount for all their products during Onam season as a part of their promotion technique.
a) Identify the promotion technique used by them.
b) Explain any 2 merits and demerits of this technique.
a) Sales Promotion
b) Merits of Sales Promotion

  1. Sales promotion activities attract attention of the people.
  2. Sales promotion tools can be very effective at the time of introduction of a new product in the market.

Limitation of Sales Promotion:

  1. If a firm frequently relys on sales promotion, it creates doubts in the minds of consumers about the quality of the product.
  2. Use of sales promotion tools may affect the image of a product.

Question 29.
Explain the functional foremanship technique with a diagram.
1. Functional foremanship: Functional foremanship is a technique in which planning and execution are separated. He classified 8 specialist foremen into two departments viz. Planning and Production department. Both departments have four foremen each. Functional foremanship is based on the principle of division of work.

Planning Department:

  1. Route Clerk Gang Boss
  2. Instruction Card Clerk Speed Boss
  3. Time and Cost Clerk Repair Boss
  4. Shop Disciplinarian Inspector

Production Department:

  1. Gang Boss
  2. Speed Boss
  3. Repair Boss
  4. Inspector

Plus Two Business Studies Previous Year Question Paper Say 2018, 3

a. Route clerk: To lay down the sequence of operations through which the raw materials have to pass in the production process.
b. Time & cost clerk: To lay down the standard time for completion of the work.
c. Instruction card clerk: He is expected to deal with the instructions to be followed by workers in handling the job.
d. Disciplinarian: He maintains proper discipline in the factory.
e. Gang boss: He arranges material, machine, tool, etc. for operation.
f. Speed boss: He supervises matters relating to the speed of work.
g. Repair boss: He ensures repairs and maintenance of the tools and machines.
h. Inspector: He checks the quality of work done.

Answer any 2 questions from 30 to 32. Each carries 8 scores. (2 × 8 = 16)

Question 30.
It is the process of identifying and choosing the best person out of a number of prospective candidates for a job.
a) Name the process
b) Explain its steps
a) Selection
b) Process of Selection
1. Preliminary Screening: Preliminary screening helps the manager to eliminate unqualified job seekers.

2. Selection Tests: Various tests are conducted to know the level of ability, knowledge, interest, aptitude, etc. of a particular candidate. The various types of tests are:

  • Intelligence Tests
  • Aptitude Test
  • Personality Tests
  • Trade Test
  • Interest Tests

3. Employment Interview: Interview is a formal, in-depth conversation conducted to evaluate the applicant’s suitability for the job.

4. Reference and Background Checks: Many employers request names, addresses, and telephone numbers of references for the purpose of verifying information and; gaining additional information on an applicant.

5. Final Selection: The final decision has to be made from among the candidates who pass the tests, interviews and reference checks.

6. Medical Examination: After selection, the candidates are required to appear for a medical examination for ensuring that he is physically fit for the job.

7. Job Offer: After a candidate has cleared all the hurdles in the selection procedure, he is formally appointed through an order. It contains the terms and conditions of the employment, pay scale, joining time, etc.

8. Employment Contract: Basic information that should be included in a written contract of employment are job title, duties, responsibilities, date of joining, pay and allowances, hours of work, leave rules, disciplinary procedure, work rules, termination of employment, etc.

Question 31.
Explain briefly the elements of the directing function.
Elements of Direction:

  1. Supervision
  2. Motivation
  3. Leadership
  4. Communication

Plus Two Business Studies Previous Year Question Paper Say 2018, 4

1) Supervision: Supervision means overseeing the subordinates at work. Supervision is instructing, guiding and controlling the workforce with a view to see that they are working according to plans, policies, programmes and instructions.

Importance of Supervision:

  • A good supervisor acts as a guide, friend and philosopher to the workers.
  • Supervisor acts as a link between workers and management. It helps to avoid misunderstandings and conflicts between management and workers.
  • Supervisor provides good On the Job training to the workers and employees.

2) Motivation: Motivation is the process of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals. Motivation depends upon satisfying needs of people.
Features of Motivation:

  • Motivation is an internal feeling.
  • Motivation produces goal-directed behaviour.
  • Motivation can be either positive or negative.

3) Leadership: Leadership can be defined as the process of influencing the behaviour of employees at work towards the accomplishment of organisational objectives.
Features of Leadership:

  • Leadership indicates ability of an individual to influence others.
  • Leadership tries to bring change in the behaviour of others.
  • Leadership indicates interpersonal relations between leaders and followers.

4) Communication: Communication may be defined as an exchange of facts, ideas, opinions or emotions between two or more persons to create mutual understanding.
Importance of Communication:

  • Acts as basis of co-ordination: Communication acts as the basis of co-ordination.
  • Helps in smooth working of an enterprise: It is only communication which makes smooth working of an enterprise possible.
  • Acts as basis of decision making Communication provides needed information for decision making.

Question 32.
Describe the factors that affect the capital structure of a company.
Capital Structure: Capital structure refers to the mix between owners, funds and borrowed funds. Owners, fund consists of equity share capital, preference share capital and reserves and surpluses or retained earnings. Borrowed funds can be in the form of loans, debentures, public deposits, etc.

A capital structure will be said to be optimal when the proportion of debt and equity is such that it results in an increase in the value of the equity share.

Factors Affecting Capital Structure:

  • Trading on Equity (Financial Leverage): It refers to the use of fixed income securities such as debentures and preference capital in the capital structure so as to increase the return of equity shareholders.
  • Stability of Earnings: If the company is earning regular and reasonable income, the management can rely on preference shares or debentures. Otherwise issue of equity shares is recommended.
  • Cost of Debt: A firm’s ability to borrow at lower rate, increases its capacity to employ higher debt.
  • Interest Coverage Ratio (ICR): The interest coverage ratio refers to the number of times earnings before interest and taxes of a Company covers the interest obligation. Higher the ratio, better is the position of the firm to raise debt.
  • Desire for control: If the management has a desire to control the business, it will prefer preference shares and debentures in capital structure because they have no voting rights.
  • Flexibility: Capital structure should be capable of being adjusted according to the needs of changing conditions.
  • Capital Market Conditions: In depression, debentures are considered good. In a booming situation, issue of shares will be more preferable.
  • Period of Finance: If funds are required for short period, borrowing from bank should be preferred. If funds are require for longer period company can issue shares and debentures.