Kerala State Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Notes Chapter 4 British Exploitation and Resistance
Opposition from all sections of India arose 1 when the British administrative policies became widespread. Peasants, workers, tribals and women played a decisive role in anti-colonial struggle. Most of these revolts were organised locally. The reasons for these revolts were strong opposition to the policies of the British and the oppressive policies of landlords. The first organised revolt of the Indians against the British in India was the First War of Indian Independence of 1857.
→ Permanent Land Revenue System : The system of tax reform introduced by Lord Cornwallis in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. This system is also known as Zamindari system.
→ Ryotwari System : The system of tax reform introduced by the British in South Indian regions.
→ Mahalwari System : The system of tax reform . introduced by the British in North West regions of India.
→ Santhals : The tribals inhabiting the valleys of Rajmahal Hills stretching across the present states of Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar.
→ Kurichiyas : The tribals inhabiting Wayanad region of Kerala.
→ Drain Theory : This was put forward by Dadabhai Naoroji. He established the fact that a huge amount of money was flowing to Britain every year. He proved that the Drain of Wealth was the root cause of poverty and starvation in India.