Kerala State Syllabus 10th Standard Social Science Notes Chapter 5 Culture and Nationalism
Nationalism is a great basis are patriotism and a desire for freedom. Nationalism emerged in India during the British rule. The opinions of Indians about the policies of the British were presented through newspapers and literary works. Literary works that stimulated patriotism began to appear in different Indian languages. The cultural and ideological interference and protests by the Indians influenced social life, newspapers, education, literature and art. The changes in these areas led to the national unity of India.
→ Nationalism : The sense of unity that exists among the people of a nation irrespective of caste, creed, region and religion.
→ Scientific Societies : The organizations formed in the 19th century to translate science books, to hold discussions and to popularize scientific temper.
→ Nai Talim : The new education scheme devised by Gandhiji. Education should be related to some productive occupation. Free and compulsory education in mother tongue for all children between 8 and 14 years.
→ Brahma Samaj : The organisation started by Ram Mohan Roy in 1828 to oppose social evils like Sati and to end caste system.
→ Vernacular Press Act : The Act enacted by Lord Lytton in 1878 to curb freedom of press in regional languages.