Kerala State Board New Syllabus Plus Two Zoology Previous Year Question Papers and Answers.
Kerala Plus Two Zoology Previous Year Question Paper March 2018 with Answers
|Category||Plus Two Previous Year Question Papers|
Time: 1 Hour
Cool off time : 10 Minutes
Maximum : 30 Score
General Instructions to Candidates :
- There is a ‘cool off time’ of 10 minutes each for Botany and Zoology in addition to the writing time of 1 hour each. Further, there is ‘5 minutes’ ‘Preparatory Time’ at the end of the Botany Examination and before the commencement of Zoology Examination.
- You are not allowed to write your answers nor to discuss anything with others during the ‘cool off time’ and ‘Preparatory time’.
- Use the ‘cool off time’ to get familiar with the questions and to plan your answers.
- Read questions carefully before answering.
- All questions are compulsory and the only internal choice is allowed.
- When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
- Calculations, figures, and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
- Malayalam version of the questions is also provided.
- Give equations wherever necessary.
- Electronic devices except non-programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.
Answer all questions from 1 – 3. Each question carries 1 Score. (Scores: 3 × 1 = 3)
Name the cells in testes which synthesize and secrete the androgens.
Interstitial cells or Leydig cells
Different contraceptive methods are given below. Pick out the odd one.
c) Multiload 375
d) Lippes loop
Expressed sequences in the gene are called
II. Answer any nine questions from 4 – 14. Each question carries 2 Scores. (Scores: 9 × 2 = 18)
In a classroom discussion, a student said that the sex of the baby is determined by father. Analyse the statement and give reason for it.
Chromosome pattern of human female is XX and male is xy
Haploid gametes produced by female contain only X chromosome while male produces either x or y.
Hence father determines sex of a child
Different contraceptive methods are used to control population explosion. Summarise the natural method and barrier method of contraception.
a) Natural methods:
Periodic abstinence, Coitus interruptus, etc
b) Barrier method:
Use of condoms, diaphragms, etc
DNA is tightly packed structure and is found as units called nucleosomes.
a) Explain the concept of nucleosomes.
b) Differentiate between euchromatin and heterochromatin
a) Nucleosomes are histone octamer, in this negatively charged DNA wrapped around it.
- Here, chromatin region is loosely arranged and they are transcriptionally active Heterochromatin:
- Here, Hchromatin region is densely packed and transcriptionally inactive
a) Observe the above cross and name the phenomenon.
b) Write down the theoretically given explanations of the phenomenon.
a) Incomplete dominance
b) It is the blending of characters, that lead to the production of intermediate flower colour-pink.
In this less efficient enzyme is produced.
Complete the boxes with the suitable words given below:
[Analogus, Homologus, Convergent evolution, Divergent evolution]
A – Homologous organ
B – Divergent evolution
C – Analogous organs
D – Convergent evolution
Explain the factors affecting the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
- Gene flow
- Genetic drift
- Mutation and
- Natural selection
Innate immunity is a non-specific type of defense and consists of four types of barriers. Categorize the barriers and give one example for each.
i) Physical barriers:
It includes skin or mucous coating of respiratory system
ii) Physiological barriers:
Acid in stomach or saliva
iii) Cellular barriers:
It includes natural killer cells and monocytes
iv) Cytokines barriers:
It includes interferon
Complete the table given below:
A – Salmonella
B – common cold
C – plasmodium falciparum
D – elephantiasis
Consumption of drug and alcohol affects the persons mental and physical health very badly. List the warning signs of alcohol or drug abuse.
- Drop in academic performance
- Lack of interest in personal hygiene
- Withdrawal symptoms
Identify the disadvantages of RNA over DNA as a genetic material and explain it.
- Hydroxyl group of RNA is reactive and easily degradable
- RNA is catalytic and highly reactive
- Mutation takes place at a faster rate
- Presence of uracil makes RNA less stable
Complete the table with appropriate terms.
A – Aspergillus Niger
B – bacterium
C – cyclosporine A
D – Monascus purpureus
III. Answer any three from 15 – 18 questions. Each question carries 3 scores. (Scores: 3 × 3 = 9)
Observe the graph and answer the following questions:
a) Name S, A, Z and C in the graph.
b) Name the scientists who explained Species – Area relationship.
a) S – Species richness
A – Area
Z – Regression coefficient
C – Y Intercept
b) Alexander Von Humboldt
a) In lac Operon lactose act as inducer molecule. Evaluate the statement and explain it.
b) Observe the diagram of lac Operon and identify labelled parts A, B, C and D.
a) Lactose that binds with repressor and make structural modification hence it cannot bind with operator therefore lactose switch off Lac Operon act as inducer.
b) A – Repressor mRNA
B – Bete galactosidase
C – Permease
D – Transacetylase
Sexually transmitted disease (STD) are mainly transmitted through sexual contact.
a) Name any two example of sexually transmitted disease.
b) Explain any two methods adopted to prevent STDs.
a) Gonorrhea, syphilis
- Avoid sex with multiple partners
- Always use condoms during coitus
Hemophilia, Sickle cell anemia, and Phenyl Ketonurea are Mendelian disorders.
a) What do you mean by Mendelian disorder?
b) Which one of the above is an example of inborn error of metabolism? Mention the cause of the disorder.
a) Mendelian disorder is determined by a mutation in a single gene
It is an autosomal recessive trait in which lack of enzyme for the conversion of phenylalanine to tyrosine.