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Kerala State Syllabus 8th Standard Hindi Solutions Unit 3 Chapter 1 The Light on the Hills (Lucy Clifford)
The Light on the Hills Textbook Questions And Answers
The Light On The Hills Questions and Answers Question 1.
Have you ever painted a picture? What are the things you will do to make your painting beautiful?
a. Let the learners say what makes a painting beautiful.
b. Select a beautiful scenery
c. Drawing it truthfully
d. Using appropriate colors
e. Highlighting the important aspects.
The Light On The Hills Character Sketch Of Boy Question 2.
How, according to the girl, can the boy make people feel happy while looking at his picture?
When people look at the picture of the fields painted by the boy they will feel as if they are in the field and this will make them happy.
Character Sketch Of The Boy In The Story The Light On The Hills Question 3.
‘It is a beautiful world.’ What makes the little girl say so?
The sight of the trees and fields the deep shadows and hills beyond, the glimmering sunlight along with the rustling leaves and rippling stream make the world beautiful.
The Light On The Hills Question Answers Question 4.
What is described as a ‘sin’ by the boy?
To do anything which might represent the world badly or imperfectly
The Light on The Hills Question 5.
What, according to the girl, should we do when we want to give our best?
According to the girl if we want to give our best we should do it for the people we love.
The Light On The Hills Character Sketch Question 6.
‘…a big tragedy struck the family.’ What was the tragedy?
The death of the little girl
The Light On The Hills Question Answer Question 7.
Why was the boy reluctant to go to the same field once again?
The boy was so filled with grief at the loss of his little sister that he could not gather enough courage to see the same field without her.
The Light on the Hills Character Sketch of Boy Question 8.
What was the desire in the boy’s heart?
To put into the world something which should make the meanest, humblest citizen, a little happier or better.
The Light on the Hills Summary Question 9.
What was the comment made by the audience on seeing the picture?
This is better than all he has done before. It is surely beautiful for it makes one happy to look at it.
The Light on the Hills Question 10.
Why did the boy say that his heart ached as he did the picture?
The memories of his sister made his heartache.
The Light on the Hills Activities Question 11.
How can one find happiness for one’s own self?
One can find happiness for oneself by seeking it for others.
The Light on the Hills Short Story Summary Question 12.
‘Ah, then it is called Heaven.’ What does the statement mean?
Love helps one to live one’s life. When that love helps to bring happiness to others as well as oneself, it becomes heavenly.
The Light on the Hills Textbook Activities And Answers
The Light On The Hills Activity 1.
Setting: On the plains overlooking the hills
Characters: a little boy and a little girl Characterisation :
- Nervous, lacks confidence, loving gains confidence as he grows up: Boy
- Loving, mature, encouraging, think positively: Sister
Theme: Ardent love and dedication to one’s work can bring forth success in one’s life.
Tone: Touched to read about the loving relationship between the boy and his sister. The story inculcates optimistic views in us.
Imagery: The glimmering sunlight, rustling leaves, rippling stream with the light shining upon the hills.
- The wonderful picture of a brother and sister at work trying to paint a picture
- The little boy growing up to be a great artist one day
Point of view: The little boy’s Conflict :
Internal: The desire to paint a picture lack of confidence to paint it.
External: The desire to paint a picture vs society’s response to an imperfect work.
A few of the major incidents of the story are given below. Complete the following flow-chart.
- The little sister watched her brother painting the portrait.
- The boy was unable to draw the picture
- She tries to build up his confidence.
- A big tragedy struck their family
- The little boy is filled with grief at the | death of his sister.
- Sorrow gives him power and he draws the picture which wins recognition.
- Perfect love helps one to work and to wait. It also gives happiness.
- Ah, then it is called Heaven.
Let’s enrich our vocabulary
Complete the following by choosing appropriate words from the box given below.
The little girl asked the boy to do his work with great ………… She asked him to see the ………… of the sunlight. In nature, we could listen to the ……… of the leaves. In nature, we could also hear the ………….. of streams. It is a great ………… for artists to capture the beauty of nature. It is definitely a ………… to represent nature imperfectly. The little boy was in great …………. when he learned about the death of his sister. The boy felt that happiness is something difficult to……………
dedication, glimmer, rustling, rippling, honor, sin, grief, seize.
You have studied how to use prefixes and suffixes in the previous units.
Now, identify eight words from the story which have different suffixes such as ‘-ed’, ‘-ly’, ‘-s/-es’, ‘-fuT, ‘-ness’, ‘-ing’, ‘-er’ and ‘-est’ separating the root word and the suffix. One is done for you.
Look at the following sentences from the story.
If I do it badly, it will make them unhappy.
It is a sin to do anything which might represent the world imperfectly.
The underlined words take the prefixes ‘un-’ and ‘im-’ respectively to form words opposite in meaning to the root words.
Other prefixes that are often used to form the antonym of the root words are ‘in-’ and ‘dis—
Prepare a list of root words and their antonyms using the prefixes mentioned above. Write at least five words with each
Un – unimportant, unfair, unusual, uninteresting, unlucky
Im – immature, impossible, immortal, immobile, impatient
In – insecure, inappropriate, incorrect, indirect, incredible
Dis- disqualify, disable, disapprove, disagree, disconnect
Look at the following sentence from the story.
The little sister went too and stood by him watching while he painted.
The underlined words in the above 1 sentences are action words and they are in the past tense form.
Read the text and find out how the action j words make their past forms from the root word.
Do you see any fixed pattern in forming the past in the case of a majority of words?
What do you call such words?
Give five examples for such verbs from the text.
What do you call verbs which do not follow this pattern?
Now, prepare a list of such verbs from the story.
1. Once more they looked at the hills that seemed to rise up out the deep shadow into the light, and then together they went home.
2. But after many years as he sat and worked, a strange power come to him
3. I thought of her all-time I worked
4. Son, your little sister wandered into another world and journeyed on so far that she lost the clue to earth, and could not be back anymore.
5. It was the sorrow that gave me power.
Yes, majority of verbs from the past by adding – ‘ed’ at their end. These are called regular verbs.
Verbs which don’t follow this pattern are called irregular verbs.
go — went — gone
stand — stood — stood
come — came — come
feel — felt — felt
make — made — made
know — knew — known
do — did — done
And yet my heart ached as I did it,’ the boy said, as he went back to the field. ‘I thought of her all the time I worked.’ Many thoughts must have passed through his mind while painting the pictures. What would those thoughts be? Attempt a diary entry based on the boy’s thoughts.
The Light on the Hills Question Answer:
October 12 Thursday
A memorable day! My promise to her has been fulfilled. But, I miss my little sister a lot. How happy she would be if she were alive! She was the one who wished the most to see me successful. It was her words of love and encouragement that kept me going. I am really indebted to her. How I wish she were with me! In fact, it is her memories that gave me the strength to complete our dream picture. I was so pleased when I saw the happiness on the face of the people who came to see my picture. All the appreciation and happiness, I dedicate to my dearest sister. My sister still continues to inspire me.
The boy finally came up with a wonderful painting appreciated by everyone. His little sister’s words were the real inspiration behind his achievement. Having heard of the achievement of the boy, you have decided to send a letter of appreciation to him. Write the letter.
12 October 2017
Hope you are doing well. I’m writing this to express my happiness on hearing about your achievement. Hearty congratulations! I read all the details of your art exhibition in the papers today. I must say it is indeed spectacular. Harry, I read about your growth as an artist. I was really touched to learn about the wonderful way in which you were inspired by your sister. You are truly dedicated to art. Moreover, you, have worked very hard to groom yourself as an artist. Now, the result is here for the whole world to see and for you to feel proud of. I am sure, you will bloom as a renowned painter in the coming years. I wish you luck in all your future endeavors. Congratulations once again!
Study the word-web given below. The web shows some clues related to the boy and his character. Now, prepare a character sketch of the boy using the expressions in the word web.
Now, construct a similar word web about the little girl in the story.
Attempt a character sketch of the little girl using the web.
The little girl plays a dominant role in the story ‘The Light on the Hills’ written by Mrs. Lucy Clifford. In spite of being the younger of the two siblings, the girl is portrayed as a very mature person with a comprehensive and positive outlook towards life. The girl encourages her brother to paint the picture saying, ‘it will make people happy to look at it’ She tries to build up his confidence by pointing out to him that ‘If you do your work with dedication and honesty, people will know how hard you have tried’. Not only does she display a rare strength of character and confidence but tries to instill it in her brother also. She tells him that if he wants to do his best j then he has to do it for the people whom he loves. That will help him endure everything and enable him to move forward. She shares a strong and loving relationship with her brother and remains as a constant source of inspiration even after her death.
The boy in the story says; ‘If I do it badly, will it make them unhappy?’ Every day we engage ourselves in many j activities. Some of them make the people around us happy while some others may make them unhappy. Sit in groups and discuss the kinds of things you have done that made your parents, friends, and teachers happy or unhappy.
You may use the following expressions
1. My parents were happy when I ……………………
2. They got annoyed when I …………………………….
My parents were happy when I got full A+.
They got annoyed when I began to shout.
Our teacher was very happy when our team won the match.
My friend became sad when I refuged his invitation.
Visit www.youtube.com and watch Severn Suzuki’s speech delivered in the UN Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro. Severn Cullis-Suzuki was a 12-year-old girl who spoke at the UN Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Her speech is touching and encouraging.
Listen to her speech and find out what makes her speech inspiring. You may also visit www.ted.org for watching more inspiring speeches. Let the learners list down the features of a speech. Conduct a discussion based on the features of a speech. Which of the following do you think are the features of a good speech? A good speech:
a. begins with a salutation addressing the audience
b. includes quotations
c. includes stories, anecdotes, etc.
d. uses humor
e. will have a beginning, a middle and an end
f. will have properly organized ideas
g. will have ideas supported with details and examples
h. is one in which the speaker uses appropriate body language, eye contact, and voice modulation
Prepare a speech to be presented in the school assembly highlighting the importance of motivation and hard work to attain success in life. You are free to include examples from the life of the boy depicted in the story, ‘The Light on the Hills’.
Respected teachers and my dear friends, Today we live in a highly competitive world. We all strongly desire to become a successful person in life. In my view, motivation and hard work are the two important factors that enable us to achieve our goals.
I think, as a student, we need motivation from parents and teachers alike. Inspiring words and support from parents and teachers will strengthen your determination and self-confidence to achieve your goals. If we carefully study the success mantra behind eminent personalities like Abdul Kalam, we can see it is nothing other than hard work.
I would like to quote Lucy Clifford’s story “The Light on the Hills” as a best example for how motivation of a young girl played to bring out the best creation of an artist. It tells the story of a boy who wanted to paint a beautiful picture. His little sister accompanied him in the field. Even- though she was young, her words motivated her brother. Her visions and views were based on virtues. She also said when you do a work with dedication for people whom you love, will bring out your best talents. These words touched the boy deeply and he said that he would draw a picture for her. But suddenly she died in her sleep. The boy became sad because of the untimely death of his sister. But even after her death, the little sister motivated the boy to draw a beautiful picture and become a successful artist.
I conclude my words with this stuff Even though you are a student you can motivate others. It has a power to transform others. You can motivate others and at the same time, you can receive motivation from others.
Let’s discover how grammer works
Look at the following sentences used in the story.
1) If you do your work with dedication and honesty, people will know how hard you have tried.
2) If I want to do my very, very best I will do it for the people I love.
These sentences deal with a likely situation in the present or future.
The situations we describe may not have happened yet. But they are likely to happen because we can easily imagine them happening. These are examples of the first conditional.
Now, identify the features of the conditional clauses.
a. How do the sentences begin?
b. Can you move the clauses at the beginning of the sentences to the end, without a change in meaning?
c. How many verb phrases do you notice in each of the sentences?
d. Do they follow a fixed pattern?
e. Can you use any other modal verb instead of ‘will’ in the main clause?
f. What changes occur in the meaning and form, if you change the verbs in the ‘if-clause’ to past and past perfect tense?
a. The sentences begin with ‘if – conditional clause.
b. People will know how hard you have tried if you do your work with dedication and honesty. I will do it for the people I love if I want to do my very best.
c. Phrases: with dedication and honesty for the people.
d. Yes, they follow a fixed pattern
e. If you do your work with dedication and honesty people would know how hard you have tried.
If I want to do my very very best I would do it for the people I love.
f. If you did your work with dedication and honesty, people would know how hard you have tried.
If I wanted to do my very, very best I would try.
If I had wanted to do my very, very best I would have done it for the people I love
In the first two units, you have learned about noun phrases. Norm phrases usually appear right at the beginning of sentences. They can last/come towards the end of sentences. Underline the noun phrases in the subject position in the following sentences. You may also identify the head nouns in each.
a. The little girl in the story supports him.
b. Her brother who became a painter got inspiration from her.
c. The girl advised her brother to paint pictures.
d. The hills which they visited together appeared misty.
e. The boy became a professional artist in the end.
Which class of words are added before the head noun?
Which are the wards added after the head nouns?
Identify the classes of words that are added before and after the head nouns in the noun phrases? Write your observations.
Read the following signboards. Circle the head nouns in the noun phrases used in the signboards and write them in the space provided
Baby, Road, Bridge, Clothing, Parking
Read the following passage.There are some errors in it. They are underlined. Edit the errors.
A pet dog swam three rivers, walked 13 kilometers and then keep a week’s vigil outside a jail where his master was imprison.
When Sohrab was arrested, his dog swam behind the boat that ferried him across the first river to prison. The boatman trying to drive away, hit him on the head with an oar but he kept on swim. At the prison, the dog waited until his owner was release from a one-week sentence.
The dog often used to cry outside the gate, but it would wag its tail in joy when his
Let’s play with language
Read the following sentence from the story.
‘ It is surely beautiful, for it makes one happy to look at it.’
The underlined word expresses an
master would send it half his prison food. Ali was, jail. for critically wounding a neighbour in his remote villagef^The neighbour is still suffer from injuries in the district hospital.
Now, rewrite the edited version of the paragraph
A pet dog swam three rivers, walked 13 kilometres and then kept a week’s vigil outside a jail where his master was imprisoned.
When Sohrab was arrested, his dog swam behind the boat that ferried him across the first river to prison. The boatman trying to drive away, hit him on the head with an oar but he kept on swimming. At the prison, the dog waited unil his owner was released from a one – week sentence.
The dog often used to cry outside the gate, but it would wag its tail in joy when his master would send it half his prison food.
Ali was jailed for critically wounding a neighbour in his remote village. The neighbour is still suffering from injuries in the district hospital.
emotion. Words like happy, sad, angry, excited,pride,envy,lonely,shame,surprised, etc. are words related to emotions. A few emotions are hidden in the word puzzle given below. Find them out and circle them. One is done for you.
Here’s another game that you can attempt. Some words are given in a jumbled order. They are words functioning as verbs. Identify the word and write it in the space provided.Now, write the encircled letters in the boxes given below. If you get the title of the story, you win.
2. NTIKH: THINK
3. ELEF: FEEL
4. ESPLE: SLEEP
5. ITPAN: PAINT
6. LUGAH : LAUGH
7. HOCE : ECHO
9. WNKO: KNOW
10. EDRONW: WONDER
11. TELSA: STEAL
12. RAHE: HEAR
13. EPKSA: SPEAK
14. EGHATR: GATHER
15. MSIEPOR: PROMISE
16. LNSIET : LISTEN
17. LKOO : LOOK
18. WSANRE: ANSWER
The Light on the Hills Additional Questions & Answers
Questions 1-4. Read the excerpt given below from the story ‘ The Light on the Hills’ and answer the questions that follow.
‘It is a beautiful world.’ The boy echoed sadly. ‘It is a sin to do anything which might represent the world badly or imperfectly.’
‘ But will you always do things well?’ asked the little sister.
‘I get so tired,’ he said, ‘ and long to leave off so much. What do you do when you want to do your best, your very, very’ best?’ he asked, suddenly.
‘ I think if I want to do my very, very best then I’ll do it for the people I love,’ she answered. ‘ It makes you very strong if you think of them; you can bear pain, and walk far, and do all kind of things, and you do not get tired so soon.’
He thought for a moment. ‘Then I shall paint my picture for you,’ he said; ‘I shall think of you all the time I am doing it.
1. Why does the girl say that ‘ It is a beautiful world’?
2. According to the girl what should we do when we want to give our best?
3. What is described as a ‘sin’ by the boy?
4. Pick out the word from the passage that means ‘ repetition of sound’.
1. The sight of the trees and fields, the deep shadows and hills beyond, the glimmering sunlight along with rustling leaves and rippling stream make the world beautiful.
2. According to the girl if we want to give our best we should do it for the people we love.
3. To do anything which might represent the world badly or imperfectly.
The boy in the story ‘ The Light on the Hills’ was appreciated by everyone for his painting. Their appreciation reminded him of his sister. Later, he writes his thoughts and feelings in his diary. Write the likely diary entry.
A memorable day! My promise to her has been fulfilled. But, I miss my little sister a lot. She is the reason for all the appreciation I am receiving today. How happy she would be if she were alive. She was the one who wished the most to see me successful. It was her words of love and encouragement that kept me going. How I wish she were there with me. In fact it is her memories that gave me the strength to complete our dream picture. I was so pleased when I saw the happiness on the face of the people who came to see my picture. All the appreciation! and happiness is dedicated to my sister.
The boy in the story ‘ The Light on the Hills’ is awarded the best painter award for his painting. At the award function, he delivers a speech on how his sister inspired him. Write the likely speech.
(Hints: went to the field to paint- not satisfied- sister expressed her views – how to make people happy- sister passed away-sad-not confident enough to paint- strange power- painted masterpiece)
A very warm good morning to all seated here. Today I am very happy as I stand before you. On this occasion I remember my dear little sister. She is the person behind my success. She was the one who wished the most to see me successful. It was her words of love and encouragement that kept me going. I wish she were here with me. In fact, it is her memories that inspired me to complete our dream picture. I dedicate all the appreciation and happiness to my dear sister. She still continues to inspire me. My dear friends, before I conclude I would like to tell you that you must motivate others at the same time you can receive motivation from others.
Prepare a short profile of Lucy Clifford using the hints given below.
Born: August 2, 1846, London
Known as: W.K Clifford
Famous as: English Novelist and Journalist
Spouse: William Kingdon Clifford
Notable Works: Mrs. Keith’s Crime, A Woman Alone
Died: April 21, 1929
Lucy Clifford was born on August 2 in 1846 in London. She was known as W.K Clifford. She was a famous English Novel and journalist. Her spouse was William Kingdon Clifford. Mrs. Keith’s Crime and A Woman Alone were her notable works. She passed away on April 21 in 1929.
Construct two meaningful sentences using the words given in the box below. One is done as an example for you.
a. Varsha runs fast.
b. Children are playing cricket.
c. This bag is new.
Read the conversation and complete it choosing the appropriate words/ phrases from those given in brackets.
Sister: What are you drawing?
Boy: I ….(a)… (draw/ am drawing/ was drawing) the picture of that field. Will it make people happy?
Sister: Yes of course! Art …(b)… (made/makes/is making) people happy. You had better do it well.
Boy: That means, if I (c) (do/does/is doing) it badly, I will make unhappy.
Sister: Be positive. You are a good painter. Go ahead.
a. am drawing
The Light on the Hills Summary in English
‘Light on the Hills’ is a short story which shows how the words of a person can influence another person. A boy was painting scenes from nature. His little sister stood watching him. She pointed out some of the defects of his painting. She remarked that people who saw that painting would be glad and they would feel that it was real. Then the boy asked her if he painted it badly would the people be unhappy. To this the girl answered that if he was doing his work with dedication and honesty, they would understand how much effort he took to paint it, and would certainly like his picture. The girl pointed out to the boy the light from the hills. Both of them enjoyed watching it.
He tried to paint trees, field and the dark shades and the faraway hills with light on them. As the sunlight began to dim, he stopped his painting. The girl said that the world was very beautiful. The boy repeated these words with a pinch of sorrow. The boy asked her when she wanted to do something great, what would she do. The girl answered that she would think that she was doing it for the person whom she loved best. This would make her strong and she could forget all her sorrow. Thus she would be able to go forward and would never get bored. The boy thought for a moment and said that in that case, he would paint his picture for her. Then they both returned home.
A tragedy happened in the family that night. The girl died in her sleep. The sorrowful mother told the boy that his little sister would never come back for this world again. The sorrow of the boy was beyond words. He thought about the words she had spoken before she had got an extraordinary strength. He completed the picture. Everyone appreciated the picture. It was whispering in his ears that it was love, true love, from which all virtues came. If it gave happiness, it could be called heaven.
The Light on the Hills Summary in Malayalam
The Light on the Hills Glossary