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Kerala State Syllabus 9th Standard Social Science Solutions Part 1 Chapter 8 Election and Democracy
Election and Democracy Textual Questions and Answers
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Social Science Notes Pdf Question 1.
Elections are indespensible in a democracy. Substantiate.
Elections are indispensable in a democracy due to the following reasons.
- Elections reflect the aspirations of the people.
- People can select the rulers of their choice through elections.
- People can participate and respond in democratic process.
- Election is a good reason for the rulers to act according to the aspirations of people.
9th Standard Social Science Notes Pdf Question 2.
Complete the Flow Chart.
9th Standard Social Science Notes Pdf Malayalam Medium Question 3.
Narrate the procedure of simple majority system.
According to this system, elections are held in the following manner.
- The country is divided into various electral districts known as constituencies.
- One representative is elected from one constituency.
- Any number of candidates can contest.
- The candidate who gets the highest number of votes is elected.
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Social Science Guide Question 4.
Proportional representation is adopted to elect
b) Vice president
c) Members of Rajya Sabha
d) All the above
All the above
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Social Science Notes Malayalam Medium Question 5.
Match the following
|Member of Rajya Sabha||21 Years|
|Member of Lok Sabha||35 Years|
|Member of Panchyat||25 Years|
|Member of Rajya Sabha||30 Years|
|Member of Lok Sabha||25 Years|
|Member of Panchyat||21 Years|
9th Standard Social Science Notes Pdf In English Medium Question 6.
Point out the functions of Election Commission.
The Functions of Election Commission:
- Supervise the election.
- Prepare voters list.
- Declare the dates of different stages of election.
- Allot election symbols.
- Frame code of conduct.
- The appointment and training of election officials.
- Voting, counting of votes and declaration of results.
- Examine election expenses of candidates.
Kerala Syllabus 9th Standard Social Science Notes English Medium Question 7.
Name the first election commissioner of India.
9th Standard Social Science Notes Pdf In English Question 8.
Examine the drawbacks of India’s electroal system
Drawbacks of India’s electroal system are given below
i) Influence of money
- Voters are influenced by offer of money.
- Political parties spend large amount of money for election campaigns.
ii) Election-related violence
- Violence on the polling day.
- Bogus voting and booth capturing.
(ii) influence of caste and religion
Caste and religious considerations influence selection of candidates.
(iv) Lack of representation of women
- Women do not get due consideration during the selection of candidates.
- Poor representation of women in the parliament and legislative assemblies
9th Standard Social Science Notes Question 9.
Negative vote is casted by using button.
9th Standard Social Science Textbook Kerala Syllabus Question 10.
Define political parties. What are their functions?
Political parties are organization formed on the basis of an ideology which works continuously for attaining political power. Their main functions are given below.
- Connect the government and the people.
- Form public opinion.
- Create political awareness.
- Context elections and the party attains majority of seats form the government.
- The parties which do not get majority of seats, function as responsible opposition.
- Correct wrong policies of government.
- Put forward various policies and programmes.
History 9th Class Kerala Syllabus Question 11.
Differentiate between national parties and state parties.
National parties and state/regional parties are functioning in India. The Election Commission has set the criteria for political parties to be a national or state party.
Generally, those parties which function across the nation and have influence in more than one state are called national parties. Political parties which have influenced, only one state are called state parties.
9th Class Social Science Malayalam Medium Question 12.
What is meant by Psephology
Psephology is the science of predicting election results before the declaration of results, after analyzing the possibilities of political parties and coalition fronts.
9th Class Social Science Notes Kerala Syllabus Question 13.
Who allots the symbols for the candidates who contest election?
9th Class Social Science Malayalam Medium Notes Question 14.
What is the minimum age for contesting elections to different representative bodies?
Scert Class 9 Social Science Notes Malayalam Medium Question 15.
Indian election system has drawbacks. Find ways to rectify them.
- Identify card with voter’s photo.
- Limit on the election expenses of candidates.
- Code of conduct for political parties and candidates.
- Electronic voting machine.
- Voters’ list with photo of the electors.
- Negative voting system.
- Photo of candidates on ballot paper.
How is direct election different from indirect election? Find examples.
- People directly elect their representatives. This method is called direct election.
e.g: Loksabha, State legislative assembly, Local self-government.
- The method of election in which representatives are chosen by the elected representatives of people is indirect election.
e.g: President, Vice President, Rajya Sabha
Elucidate what is proportional representation.
In India, proportional representation is adopted where we follow indirect election. In India, MLAs of State Legislative Assemblies from each state elect members of the Rajyasabha. In proportion to their strength in the state legislative assemblies at each political party can elect representatives to Rajyasabha.